Just the other day, two interrelated events coincided. Firstly, the very plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU, which took place on April 35, 23, marks the beginning of the tragic period of the suicidal Gorbachev “reforms” that naturally ended in the collapse of the USSR. Secondly, it is obvious that precisely on this anniversary date, without waiting for the next generous portions of human curses, the "hero of triumph" himself leaned out of political oblivion with another interview, once again began to label the "guilty" that "everything went wrong »And to defend the correctness of their own endeavors.
Well, since Mikhail Sergeyevich is free to once again engage in public self-justification, then, perhaps, no one bothers us to speak about him and about the time that went down in the history of our country under the name of “perestroika”.
Speeding up development - or destruction?
I must say that all three concepts (in the heading of this article) called (as you want) in the painful memory of those who were very lucky to survive their practical implementation, eventually merged into one, and the first of them became dominant. However, this is not entirely correct. At the same April plenum, the 35th anniversary of which we are now “celebrating”, in the keynote speech of the newly-made Secretary General (Gorbachev stayed at this post for a month and a half), the “perestroika” sounded only once or twice. And even that - exclusively in the context of the necessary changes that should have occurred in the national economy. That's him, first of all, they were going to “speed up”. So far, nothing else has been discussed in the spring of 1985. Were changes necessary? Definitely yes. On the need for scientifictechnical revolutions in the Soviet Union, from the end of the 50s, practically "eating through" the most powerful legacy of the great Stalin era (at least that part of which the hands of the mad destroyer Khrushchev did not get to), were said during Brezhnev and later. But just what they just said. The enormous bureaucratic apparatus of the country, which was also pretty much “crushed” by the rapidly aging top of the party, which was increasingly turning from “leading and directing” into braking and obstructing, jammed all the new shoots before they had time to take root and gain strength. The first computers in our country were created, if anyone does not know, again under Joseph Vissarionovich. However, a quarter of a century later they remained “exotic,” and there was no question of the general computerization of the country, which at that time was already an urgent requirement of the time. Errors, shortcomings, inconsistencies in the economy of the “late” USSR, which liberal pseudo-historians and especially pseudo-economists adore with such rapture today, were more than enough. And yet…
Going to the rostrum and throwing first on Wednesday the party elite, and then “to the masses” the clear-cut slogan of “acceleration”, Gorbachev did not even understand exactly what should be accelerated, and most importantly, how to do it. In fact, in the above-mentioned interview, Mikhail Sergeyevich admits that neither he, nor the leadership of the country and the party “had a clear train schedule” and only “understood which direction to go.” Hussars, keep quiet! Today we understand this, at what specifically a popularly known address both the "great reformer" himself and his supporters should go to make everyone feel better. Then, in 1985-1986, beautiful words sounded damn enticing. Another thing is that there was absolutely nothing behind them! Not clear economic programs, nor the team of "strong business executives" -realists who are able to develop and implement it. Gorbachev clutched indiscriminately for all the ideas that the “wise men” like him, palm off on him. Take, for example, the idea of introducing state acceptance in all branches of industry without exception - on the model of the military-industrial complex. Yes, the percentage of marriage, outright hack work produced by our enterprises was truly enormous - the pursuit of the “shaft” affected. But on what the hell, tell me, do I need state approval in the manufacture of kitchen utensils or, say, women's underwear? Here everything is decided by demand, forcing the manufacturer to work efficiently. It was necessary to change the system of planning and evaluating the final indicators of the economic activity of enterprises, and not to aggravate already existing erroneous trends even more! In a word, about how to really “accelerate” or improve the Soviet economy, neither Gorbachev nor his team had the slightest idea, and therefore they soon started to destroy it, which we will talk about a little later.
Publicity or national security?
This component of Gorbachev’s perestroika appeared a little later - after the 19th CPSU Congress (be it a hundred times wrong!) And, in particular, after the even more harmful 1988th Party Conference of XNUMX. The General Secretary himself “pulled out” from the vocabulary the domestic dissidents so dear to his heart. Initially, again, the process started “from above” did not mean, seemingly, anything seditious. Developing criticism and self-criticism, the workers had to “boldly reveal the weaknesses that exist in some places and in some places”, point out the “weaknesses and gaps” that the country's leadership would immediately liquidate with great gratitude for the timely “signal”. It seems completely normal, healthy and positive for the state aspirations. However, those processes in which the games of glasnost started by the Secretary General eventually poured out, did not lead in any way to the improvement of the state, but to its complete destruction. Which, in fact, ended ... What was done in the framework of the campaign for "democratization of Soviet society", the introduction in it, sorry for the expression, "pluralism" and other things like that, definitely attracted a whole bunch of serious articles from that part The Criminal Code, which dealt with state crimes. “Treason to the Homeland" - at the very least, and then on, as they say, according to the list. Some people today continue to argue that the authorities in the USSR just “let go of the reins”, allowing the ideological poison to be poured into the ears and souls of Soviet people not only to “enemy voices”, but also to the newly created “democratic press”, having allowed the replication and free distribution of various printed vilenesses like the Solzhenitsyn false "Archipelago" and the libel of Bogdashka Rezun. And also allowing them to crawl out of the status of baked cockroaches and begin to “steer” social life to the throaty tribe of the same dissident liberals who had waited for their finest hour.
Nothing of the kind, my sovereigns! The authorities, in the person of the party and state leaders, did not “relax” or “lose their vigilance”, but in the most active way promoted all the destructive processes and phenomena mentioned above, the end result of which could only be the death of the Soviet Union! Numerous newspapers and magazines, such as the same “Spark”, “Youth” and others, at the time when authors of a very definite sense firmly “registered” on their pages, defaming, reverting and destroying our history, openly mocking folk shrines and memory their “steep routes” and “Chonkin’s soldiers” were still bodies of very specific party organizations and Soviets of People’s Deputies. I don’t take into account the "yellow" press, all sorts of tabloid papers - it then for the most part specialized in "erotica", crime chronicles and UFO stories. "Literary works", which can be used for no other definition except "subversive", and articles in the field of "exposing the personality cult and the horrors of communism", the broad masses abandoned just state editions - up to Izvestia and Pravda. It was not slackness, not "softness" or "политическая myopia ”, and the course - moreover, approved and coordinated at the very“ top ”. State policy aimed at the destruction of the state, paradoxically as it sounds. Another example of the same sense: the Soviet Union’s Supreme Council, be remembered not by night, was literally pushed by none other than Gorbachev, his fellow scientists, who, in his “struggle with the regime”, had already reached calls for US leadership use nuclear weapons against the Soviet Union; in the elections they “rolled” together. Why did the General Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee in the country's highest legislative body need this “icon” of anti-Soviet and Russophobia? There can only be one answer - from a certain time, Gorbachev and his entourage quite consciously headed for the dismantling of the USSR and the destruction of the socialist social system. How many direct instructions this received from the West was in this, and how many banal selfish desire to live "on a grand scale" without any restraining moments, such as party control and the "moral code of the builder of communism" - a topic for a completely different conversation. But another explanation for what was happening then is impossible to pick up, no matter how hard you try.
Restructuring by the collapse method?
Now Gorbachev, displaying the invariably inherent hypocrisy and the desire to shift "from one’s head to one’s healthy," blames the "perestroika" for the insidious "coup d'etat from the Emergency Committee," as well as those who "took advantage of the subsequent situation to break up the country." Here it is, it turns out ... But haven't you, Mikhail Sergeyevich, created this very situation, but brought it to the limit, to the “boiling point"? And didn’t you contribute to the dismemberment of the USSR, in particular, by flirting with various “healthy national forces on the ground”, which in fact turned out to be a bunch of terry nationalists, whose actions were also led from abroad? They immediately sang with the local party and economic "elites", who wanted to "be free to reign and reign" in their own estates without looking back at Moscow, in the person of the Central Committee, Council of Ministers and the KGB, and destroyed the country. To illustrate the assertion that it was the West’s special services (and not only) that “conducted” the absolute majority of “national movements” in the USSR, we can give an example about the role of the US CIA in the activities of the Ukrainian People’s Movement, which “drove” it through the diaspora in the USA and Canada. This topic has so far been little covered solely due to the fact that in the "unbroken" for any attempt to research her, they do not tear off her hands, but immediately her head - and this has been the case at all times since 1991 ... However, let's go back to politics where we started the conversation - to purely economic issues. It is worth doing this because it is through their consideration that you can evaluate the true intentions of the "perestroika" and understand whether their actions were only erroneous or still intentional. As mentioned above, all the initial actions of Gorbachev and his team, instead of “accelerating” and developing the country's national economy, led to the exact opposite results. Take, for example, the “anti-alcohol company”, which, in addition to causing the growth of drug addiction, substance abuse and home brewing, also deprived the state budget of colossal cash receipts. Mikhail Sergeyevich did not grow a generation of teetotalers (in subsequent years, Russia and many other former republics of the USSR almost choked in a sivuha), but the economy suffered a terrible blow.
However, this passage can still be at least tried to squeeze into the framework of the formula “they wanted it better, but it turned out as always”. But further feints and twists with attempts to cultivate a “cooperative movement” in the country, and, in fact, create a private business and a class of small owners, were already pure wrecking. My personal archive contains records of many hours of conversations with very senior representatives of law enforcement agencies of that time (someday, I hope, they will form the basis of a fascinating book). This means that everything written below is not the result of my personal fantasies ... All these generals and colonels unanimously reiterate: everything that was going on in the national economy of the country with the filing of the "perestroika" cannot be given any other qualification than an "economic crime" or even " economic diversion. " I will explain it with a concrete example - by giving permission to create cooperatives, for example, by sewing trousers, the authorities nevertheless did this, leaving intact the system within which all raw materials (from fabric and thread to the last button) were funded. That is - distributed centrally and in advance. As well, by the way, like equipment, and everything else. Okay, you can sew manually or at Grandma’s Singer, but from what? The cooperators had no choice but to “stick” to the state enterprise, which had kilometers of fabric they needed in warehouses. Which, as you know, was subsequently safely debited and released to newly-minted entrepreneurs for “real money” that went into the pocket of the head of the state enterprise. With everything else, exactly the same. And well, it only concerned sewing pants! In the very near future, various cooperatives (and subsequently various firms and firmochki, state of emergency, MPs and joint ventures) began to “overgrow” metallurgical and machine-building plants, factories and factories for the production of the country most needed products. Their directors quickly realized their benefits and were not going to lose it. And so the foundation was laid for that very “criminal economy”, which subsequently nearly launched Russia around the world. And some republics - let go.
The then generals and colonels, on whose table thick reports were laid on crimes committed, on the total embezzlement of the country, reported "upstairs", demanding sanctions to restore order and ... got their hands on! From higher party and government offices they literally shouted: “Stand! Be silent! Do not dare to strangle new sprouts! ” Really, numerous statesmen, who not only started this whole nightmare, but also took care of it so carefully, did not realize that subsequently the “sprouts" would mature and strangle the country? They all understood perfectly, in any case, most of them. And here's another thing - at that very time of the most severe, severe commodity shortage, sterilely empty store shelves that survivors of perestroika recall with a shudder to this day, and our liberals are so eager to raise to the billboard, telling tales of the “impoverished scoop”, state warehouses literally bursting with everything you need! Food and basic necessities - that’s for sure. Their contents were simply not allowed to go on sale. And the point here was not so much in someone's desire to cash in on speculation, but in the firm intention to push the tension in society to the last limit. It was ... Here, again, not fiction and rumors, but authoritative evidence from respected sources, which I have documented. A clear, thoughtful and coordinated plan to destroy the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics - that is what “perestroika”, “acceleration” and “glasnost” actually were ...
Today, Mikhail Gorbachev continues, excuse me with a rude word, “twist” everyone that the “reforms” he started are correct, that they only “progressed slowly” due to “mistakes made”. A destroyed beautiful country, millions of ruined human lives, horror and darkness of the 90s - these are not mistakes, in his opinion. It’s only a pity that it turned out slowly ... Let him broadcast this whole gil elsewhere, at least in his beloved USA. The Russians have long passed a final and non-appealable sentence to both Gorbachev himself and his “perestroika”. According to a survey of the All-Russian Center for the Study of Public Opinion (VTsIOM), conducted last year, every fourth Russian citizen considers himself to be its victim! In fact, all those who happened to experience all the “charms” of this dreadful experience of their own. God forbid, nothing like this will ever happen again in our country!