Gorbachev told why perestroika failed


35 years ago, on April 23, 1985, a plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU was held, which marked the beginning of perestroika in the USSR. At the same time, former USSR President Mikhail Gorbachev believes that the failure of the reform occurred due to the coup and the actions of the State Emergency Committee, but this does not negate the significance of perestroika.


The disruption of perestroika in 1991 was the result of the actions of the putschists of the State Emergency Committee and those who took advantage of the situation after the coup to destroy the country. But this in no way negates the significance of perestroika

- said Gorbachev RIA News".

Gorbachev admitted that mistakes were made during the perestroika process and the reform progressed slowly. But he noted the importance of the process itself.

What succeeded and what failed was a big topic. But in a nutshell: it was possible that in several years the quality of society has changed, changes and reforms have allowed us to reach the point where a return to the past became impossible

- explained Gorbachev.

He emphasized that some points of the perestroika era are still relevant today. He recalled the readiness of the USSR to engage in dialogue with the West, the USA, China and the inadmissibility of the hegemony of individual countries or groups of countries, as well as the imposition of will.

On the eve of this anniversary, I specially reread my report at the plenum. After all, we are always accused of starting restructuring without a plan, without a program. Yes, we didn’t, and couldn’t have an exact “train schedule” then, but after reading the report, I was once again convinced that we knew which direction to go

- specified Gorbachev.

According to Gorbachev, people understood the need for change and, with the beginning of perestroika, supported them, “having set in motion”. Gorbachev drew attention to the fact that the reformers addressed not only the party, but also the whole society, and this was caused by unfavorable trends - “life dictates the need for change.”

Gorbachev added that party members then saw two levers for accelerating socio-economic transformations - scientifictechnical progress and restructuring of the economic mechanism. After that, they activated the human factor and began to develop democracy. As a result, people ceased to be afraid and began to talk about sore things.
Photos used: Veni / flickr.com / wikimedia.org
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  1. The comment was deleted.
  2. Afinogen Offline
    Afinogen (Afinogen) April 23 2020 19: 59
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    Gorbachev is Judah. Such a state has collapsed. And how much damage the country has done to please the Americans. And why it was necessary to insert his grinning face, I have a strong desire to spit on it. I have a question. And why is he laughing at us. When should I be in prison ???

    1. Observer2014 Offline
      Observer2014 April 23 2020 20: 17
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      It is tearful, of course, to hear everything about the creators of those rockets. And isn’t it tearful now to see what the current “leaders” are doing with their criminal optimization? Seed Gorbachev taxis. That is not put to trial Gorbachev. And stop raining your anger on Gorbachev. When his followers are at the helm of the country.
      1. Afinogen Offline
        Afinogen (Afinogen) April 23 2020 20: 33
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        And stop raining your anger on Gorbachev

        It would be so if he had hid himself in the slot so that he was not visible and not heard. But he still has the audacity to say something there and build his smirks. All our troubles went from him. He is the founder of the chaos in which we now live, everything went from him.
  3. BMP-2 Offline
    BMP-2 (Vladimir V.) April 23 2020 20: 05
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    It was possible to circle a large number of people around the finger.
    Failed - get what you deserve.
    1. Bitter Offline
      Bitter (Gleb) April 23 2020 23: 42
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      Failed - get what you deserve.

      Why, it’s also succeeded - not to get through the heat.
      And on behalf of the Russian leadership, orders, diplomas and other sweets were also poured on him and they are still poured on him, thanks for independence, a holy cause.
      1. BMP-2 Offline
        BMP-2 (Vladimir V.) April 24 2020 13: 01
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        Gleb, perhaps you have not communicated with native speakers of the Russian language for a long time: in Russian, "to get what you deserve" is a phraseologism meaning "to get by justice." Naturally, I do not consider it correct to hand the regalia indicated by you to this character. He deserves a completely different. In accordance with Art. 64 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, what he did should be qualified as "treason" -

        ... an act intentionally committed by a citizen of the USSR to the detriment of the sovereignty, territorial integrity or state security and defense of the USSR: switching to the enemy’s side, espionage, giving out state secrets to a foreign state, fleeing abroad or refusing to return from abroad to the USSR, rendering to a foreign assistance to the state in conducting hostile activities against the USSR, as well as a conspiracy to seize power. ” Such activity was punishable by imprisonment for a term of 10 to 15 years or the death penalty.

        Both that and another with confiscation of property.
        1. Bitter Offline
          Bitter (Gleb) April 25 2020 00: 11
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          It would seem fair would be:

          Art. 64 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR -
          ... an act intentionally committed by a citizen of the USSR to the detriment of the sovereignty, territorial integrity or state security and defense of the USSR ...

          But in fact, it turned out:

          The Order of the Holy Apostle Andrew the First-Called - for his great personal contribution to strengthening peace and friendship between peoples and many years of fruitful social activity.

          Here is such a phraseologism, recourse
  4. Cheburashk Offline
    Cheburashk (Vladimir) April 23 2020 20: 29
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    am I hate this bald ... Something else is croaking, you bastard.
  5. Sapsan136 Offline
    Sapsan136 (Sapsan136) April 23 2020 21: 36
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    The GKChP was a consequence of the criminal policy of Gorbachev, who deliberately ruined the USSR and gear the USA !!!
  6. Citizen Mѣshkov (Sergey G) April 23 2020 21: 37
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    This tagged bear would be silent already.
  7. Oyo Sarkazmi Offline
    Oyo Sarkazmi (Oyo Sarkazmi) April 23 2020 22: 00
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    Gorbachev is not Judas, but ordinary greedy cattle. When he came to power, the stores had everything - tape recorders, carpets, televisions, and groceries. When he was thrown out four years later, there was not even pasta in stores.
    Where did it go? To the warehouses. From the warehouses everyone was given 200 grams per month (sugar, pasta, vodka) - only on the visa of the secretary of the district committee. A box of vodka for the wedding - I had to sit in the reception of the secretary of the district committee for a week - again without it. Here is such a control, Gorbachev personally monitored so that no one got anything.
    Even if he is a comm-nut crazy, I will curse him at every mention. And categorically against being buried in Russian land. Let it be buried in the backyard of a German cemetery.
    1. Xuli (o) Tebenado April 23 2020 22: 39
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      When he came to power, the stores had everything - tape recorders, carpets, televisions, and groceries.

      Dictionary of folk phraseology. The long, green sausage smells.
      Interpretation: Long, green, smells of sausage.
      In not so distant times, the so-called suburban Moscow electric trains were called so, in which the working people massively delivered hard-cooked cooked sausage (a more precise name is hydro sausage).

      https://folklor.academic.ru/428
      1. Oyo Sarkazmi Offline
        Oyo Sarkazmi (Oyo Sarkazmi) April 24 2020 11: 39
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        Well, at lunch I went to the market, for 3 rubles I took 6 sticks of barbecue (tomatoes and bread - for free), and the sausage somehow did not care. If you would like delicacies, then I went to Tashkent, on Druzhby Narodov Avenue, went into an inconspicuous store with a Kooptorg sign and took smoked sausage, excellent butter, Pele coffee in brown glass jars (there are twenty of them still in the attic with cogs and nuts ) Moreover, there were two sellers, and buyers, whenever I went in, I was alone. And under Gorbachev, coupons were added to the rubles, which had to be bought at 15 kopecks per ruble.
        In general, to burn Gorbachev in hell, because only cannibals idolize him ... am
        1. Xuli (o) Tebenado April 24 2020 12: 09
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          Here you are in the first case talking about abstract stores in which the type "was everything."
          And in the second post it is said first about the market, and then about co-trading in Tashkent.
          Some inconsistency is obvious here, because Gorbachev personally does not forbid you to "go to Tashkent" even now.
          1. Oyo Sarkazmi Offline
            Oyo Sarkazmi (Oyo Sarkazmi) April 24 2020 15: 07
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            But in Tashkent under Gorbachev, too, it was all over! Kooptorg stood literally across the house from the Grocery Store, where people in line waited for the “thrown out”.
            Sausage in Kooptorg cost 9 rubles (in the store - 4), oil - 10 rubles (about 3), coffee -14 (4 rubles). For me it was precisely the delicacies, I bought it once a month. And he lived - from the market and from his garden. And at lunch at work, he went to the market. Shish kebab was eaten for lunch from 1 to 1980. Every day except weekends.
            At one time, in 1984, he lived in Ryazan. There was also Kooptorg, with meat, sausage and butter (there was no coffee). And he, too, was always empty. People, having paid 3 rubles for the train, went to Moscow for CHEAP sausage. It’s also a delicacy, for the duck was constantly in Ryazan’s shops (but again - to Gorbachev).
            1. Xuli (o) Tebenado April 24 2020 16: 24
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              Enough. You worked well on the topic of nutrition.
              Now tell us about Soviet super-tape recorders and Soviet super-televisions, which were then sold.
              1. Oyo Sarkazmi Offline
                Oyo Sarkazmi (Oyo Sarkazmi) April 24 2020 21: 17
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                A. All friends bought reel tape recorders (Jupiter-205 - $ 1000, Saturn-202 - $ 1100, Olympus-003 - $ 1200).
                B. Color TVs, not by appointment, just went and bought.
                B. Carpets. Of course, not the first necessity, but pieces 5 2x3 meters, natural wool, bought.
                G. Yugoslavian coat, genuine leather, 800 rubles ($ 1230).
                In general, from 1980 to 1986, there were no problems with the household.
                But so to rule, so that even pasta from stores disappears - it must be brilliant (mat on the mat and obscenities chases).
                1. Xuli (o) Tebenado April 24 2020 21: 33
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                  Eeeee, foreigner, what are 1000 dollars? Nobody saw them in the Union, then you drove a shnyag!
                  I don’t know about the Yugoslav coat, but the tape recorders-TVs were outright rubbish :))
                  1. Oyo Sarkazmi Offline
                    Oyo Sarkazmi (Oyo Sarkazmi) April 24 2020 22: 59
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                    I have seen. As well as Greek drachmas, Italian lira, Afghani.
                    In 1978, the huge diaspora of the Greeks got the opportunity to travel to their homeland. From there they brought rags and shiny whistles. Everyone gasped from overseas receivers and tape recorders. Until they were opened for repair. Circuitry of the early 60s in beautiful plastic cases that crumbled in a year. Therefore, the Soviet Electronics-302 for 185 rubles, I could easily compare with the Greek Sony for 15 rubles. The cousin's wife was Greek, brought denim and hundreds of labels, sewed jeans. A Greek surgeon saved my older brother after a car accident.
                    Moremen brought in 85-88 from Singapore video cameras and televisions. Miserable 65 and 100 rubles. by checks of foreign postal bargaining. He also repaired, so I don’t need to talk about rubbish. What is the master, such is the thing.
                    Of course, you, from the height of present Chinese abundance, can turn your nose. But then - a whole life until the end of the 20th century, which you did not see either in the USSR or in the USA. Yes, in fact, you have already missed the real life outside the window. Byad ...
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                    2. Xuli (o) Tebenado April 24 2020 23: 23
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                      From the fact that you saw something there, did not become smarter.
                      Sadness :)
                2. Bitter Offline
                  Bitter (Gleb) April 25 2020 00: 21
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                  The goods rolled in corny echelons in a circle, the country is something big. Piles of bakery products were dumped into the woods by dump trucks, I saw it myself.
                  There, a whole group acted with his permission and according to someone’s ingenious plan. The country created an artificial deficit for everything in order to discredit the system.
            2. xilia72 Offline
              xilia72 (xantos) April 25 2020 11: 50
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              For a Soviet person 3 p. there was a lot of lunch. Min the salary was 70 p. Average 110-120?
              1. Bitter Offline
                Bitter (Gleb) April 26 2020 18: 12
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                For a Soviet person 3 p. for lunch

                Well, for three rubles this is the smartest place to be. Dined more than once, for example, in Omsk, in one of the factory canteens, a set lunch for 75 kopecks. In Ukraine, at a garment factory, the most delicious dinners are for a maximum of 50 kopecks. If you just eat a modestly Ukrainian borschik with bread, for 15 kopecks. A very solid portion was. The minimum salary of a handyman from 70 rubles. This is understandable, but how much did the employee pay for the apartment and the communal apartment?
                1. xilia72 Offline
                  xilia72 (xantos) April 27 2020 11: 40
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                  Light, water cost almost nothing, bread was cheap, but 70 p. it is not money. 1 kg. meat with bones in the market cost 3-3, 5 p. - pork, 4,5 p. - beef, 5-6 p. - lamb, in the store line and some bones.
                  1. Bitter Offline
                    Bitter (Gleb) April 27 2020 23: 56
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                    70 p. it is not money.

                    70 Soviet dictatorial rubles per month is a penny. laughing
                    But 12000 Russian democratic wooden ones, this is the whole property of a free person. good
                    But something tells me that the owner of the minimum wage in Russia also does not eat quality meat every day.
                    1. xilia72 Offline
                      xilia72 (xantos) April 28 2020 11: 40
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                      I don’t cite the Russian Federation as an example at all, especially since meat around the world has lost in quality.
                      1. Bitter Offline
                        Bitter (Gleb) April 28 2020 19: 56
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                        If about the world, then this is already too much.
                        Around the world, in the “shopping and philistine” basket there are on average about 300 items, in Russia about 150. Because of the poor-quality meat all over the world, the Russians probably didn’t include it in the consumer basket?
                        Here on the free Internet surfaced, as of 1980:

                        Comparison of the exchange rate of the Soviet and Russian rubles through a consumer basket.
                        The cost of the consumer basket in the USSR was 54 Soviet rubles per month.
                        A similar basket for the current period in Russia costs - 14 Russian rubles.
                        .
                        That is, if we consider the rate of the Soviet ruble to the current through the consumer basket, we will get a value of 275 rubles.

                        https://zen.yandex.ru/media/mamin_sibiryak/kakie-byli-zarplaty-v-sssr-v-segodniashnih-dengah-schitaem-po-potrebitelskoi-korzine-5bfaea42bddd2800abc1365f

                        One ruble from 1980 costs 275 today, who somehow rebuilt / deceived someone, you can think about it.
    2. Bitter Offline
      Bitter (Gleb) April 23 2020 23: 53
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      Gorbachev is not Judas, but ordinary greedy cattle.

      No, he is not ordinary cattle, but bought for the Nobel Prize and had a whole cattle retinue, which now sits quietly like a mouse under a rug, and considers dividends.
      1. Digital error Offline
        Digital error (Eugene) April 24 2020 23: 07
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        Quote: Bitter
        which now sits quietly

        Not always! No, no, but breaks the "information blockade" ...
        1. Bitter Offline
          Bitter (Gleb) April 25 2020 00: 29
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          This is probably when the count is lost or the percentage does not match the desired number.
          They remind you of yourself, you see what other badge they will give, backed by a cash bonus.
  8. It would be nice to give a hump in the face!
    1. Russian Bear_2 Offline
      Russian Bear_2 (Russian bear) April 24 2020 03: 41
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      Good idea.
    2. bear040 Offline
      bear040 April 24 2020 21: 33
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      Yes, there is little in the face, missed the chopped block!
  9. 69 Offline
    69 April 23 2020 22: 55
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    Quote: BoBot Robot - Free Thinking Machine
    it would be nice to give a hump in the face!

    2 times and add with feet.
    1. Russian Bear_2 Offline
      Russian Bear_2 (Russian bear) April 24 2020 03: 42
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      And it’s better to give on the head.
  10. Vladycat Offline
    Vladycat (Konstantin) April 24 2020 07: 43
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    Perestroika failed for one reason, it was started by Gorbachev.