March 22 marks the next anniversary of the Khatyn tragedy. Wiped out from the face of the earth, along with one and a half hundred inhabitants 77 years ago, the Belarusian village today somehow fades against the backdrop of the global pandemic, the victims of which already tens of thousands of people. Nevertheless, we have no right to forget about the bloody atrocities that do not and cannot have a statute of limitations. As well as about their true culprits, hiding for decades from just retribution, thanks to the fatal mistakes that came to power in the Soviet Union after Stalin's death, fatal mistakes.
Moreover, no less serious, global and, without the slightest exaggeration, criminal miscalculations were made in the coverage of Khatyn’s theme in the future. We’ll talk about them today.
What remains behind the scenes
To say that the history of one of the nearly 700 eternally disappeared from the face of the earth during the Nazi occupation of Belarusian villages in the USSR, which became one of the main symbols of the transcendent atrocities of Hitler's executioners on Soviet soil, would be completely wrong. What was the cost of just Elem Klimov’s film “Go and See”. Recognized throughout the world as one of the most terrifying films about the Great Patriotic War, this tape shocked even the most callous souls with its absolutely transcendent, truly apocalyptic nightmare. Personally, I will never forget the incomparable shock experienced after its premiere in 1986. To this day, I am sure that viewing it for a long time should have become mandatory for all domestic schoolchildren. Perhaps then we would not have gotten to the “Kolya boy from Urengoy” ... However, I seem to be distracted. So, the destruction of Khatyn was spoken about, written and published books, filmed documentaries, and even the above-mentioned feature. However, with all this, in the most literal sense, behind the scenes the truth remained about who was guilty of this tragedy, and, equally, in dozens, hundreds of people like her. Who actually participated in the destruction of entire settlements, the brutal massacres of prisoners of war and civilians throughout the territory of our Motherland occupied by Nazi Germany. And also in other countries that fell under the boots of the "victorious Wehrmacht." Everywhere appeared the "canonical" version that some abstract "German fascist invaders" were burned alive and shot by civilians of the USSR. Everyone was silent about their accomplices, whose veins did not even contain a drop of German or other foreign blood. Concerning Khatyn, very specific characters are called, allegedly contacting the Central Committee of the CPSU directly with a request “not to aggravate the national question” in the investigation and further coverage of the cases of Khatyn executioners. As such, they indicate the first secretaries of the republican Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine and Belarus - Vladimir Scherbitsky and Nikolai Slyunkov.
It’s difficult for me to judge the second of these comrades. However, as for Shcherbitsky, it was precisely during that time that in Ukraine, nationalism was persecuted quite harshly and “smear” the police officers soaked in blood, and even turning to the very “top”, he would hardly have become. On the other hand, Vladimir Vasilyevich very much loved his native Ukraine and, not wanting to corrupt the memory of millions of compatriots who heroically fought and fell victims of Nazi terror during the Great Patriotic War, he could very well make certain efforts to ensure that the nationality of the vast majority of executioners of Khatyn was not advertised . However, the main problem, of course, was not the personal position of the party secretaries of these or other fraternal republics, but, in general, the fundamentally incorrect and, in essence, deeply vicious approach to this issue, which existed at the all-Union level. Under Stalin, traitors to the motherland were persecuted relentlessly and rather cruelly. Although, as it turned out later, the rigidity was still insufficient, but more on that a little later. Joseph Vissarionovich personally decided that for Hitler lackeys the bullet would be too great an honor and ordered them to be looped - for me personally, this is one of hundreds of reasons to respect him even more. Under Khrushchev, who, in the most diligent manner, hid and muddied the great War won under the leadership of the great Generalissimo, whom he hated, was also a Ukrainian, a truthful conversation about mass aiding Nazis of representatives of very definite peoples was simply impossible. Alas, not wanting to spoil the good picture of “friendship and fraternity” in the USSR, its leaders and ideologists continued to hide the truth further.
Whose boys will you be?
Immediately I want to draw attention to the following: to call the Khatyn monsters "Bandera", as the leader of the highly progressive and socialist party of Ukraine, Natalya Vitrenko, whose son has successfully "steered" Naftogaz today, did this at one time (obviously not from a great deal of knowledge) looking for new reasons to sue Russia, it would be, at a minimum, incorrect. Unless in a purely figurative plan, using this infamous name as the common name for all, without exception, Ukrainian nationalists, as is often done today in Russia and not only in it. In order to thoroughly understand the issue, it is necessary not to summarize, but to accurately identify all the participants in the destruction of Khatyn. So, in this crime were involved, first of all, the bastards from Schutzmannschafts BTL 118 / Ukrainian Schuma - the 118th schutzman-scale battalion of the auxiliary security police. That is - and not any Germans are close. Yes, nominally the reprisals were led by thugs from the SS-Sonderbataillon Dirlewanger - the SS Dirlewanger probe-battalion. But at that time in this completely phantasmagoric “team of freaks” of the representatives of the Third Reich there was already an absolute minority. Basically - all the same collaborative rabble. Where did the talk of Bandera come from? After all, the 118th battalion was formed in no way in the territory of Galicia, but in the capital city of Kiev. Yes, to a large extent its rotten “backbone” was made up of members of the so-called “Bukovinsky Kuren”, who belonged not to the infamous Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA), but to the organization of Ukrainian nationalists (OUN). No less infamous, however. In fairness, it must be pointed out that the “Bukovynians” belonged to the “Melnik” part of the OUN, which in 1940 split into two wings — the followers of Melnik and Bandera, whose representatives hated each other fiercely.
“Well, what's the difference ?!” - You reasonably ask. Who needs this thorough differentiation of varieties ... you know what? The fact is that starting to make mistakes in terminology, we give a reason to yell: "Falsification!" those who are trying today to whitewash and justify all the above mentioned bastard. So we will be accurate and specific. So, the Ukrainian nationalists participated in the destruction of Khatyn quite clearly. I must say that some "historians" are trying to frankly distorting the facts, to say: "Not only Ukrainians were there!" Of course not. I won’t even try to argue. A significant part of both the "Shutsman" of the 118th and the SS Dirlewanger were recruited from among the captured soldiers of the Red Army, who agreed to go to executioners in order to save their own miserable lives. And the Russians were there, and not only them. However, we will, again, be objective. Who commanded 118 schutzmanbatalon? The German Erich Körner and Konstantin Smovsky are Ukrainian, who fought in the UPR army, and rushed head to the Nazis with the start of the Great Patriotic War. The chief of staff is Grigory Vasyura, a Ukrainian. Surname of the platoon: Meleshko, Pasichnyk, Gnatenko, Slavutenko. All true Aryans, yeah ... Like, however, the majority of their subordinates: Spivak, Sakhno, Katryuk, Kurka, Zvir, Lyutyk - as a selection of surnames. No, there somewhere Abdullaev was hesitating, and other nonhumans with nicknames, apparently, were Russians. However, any attempts to “move out” to the fact that the Germans called this damned battalion “Ukrainian” exclusively at the place of its formation are completely unsuccessful. Among the personnel of this police force, the absolute majority were people from this republic. It's true. The vile, shameful, disgusting, and yet - the truth ...
About the burning of Khatyn started talking loudly from about the end of the 60s of the last century. The main initiative here was shown by the first secretaries of the Communist Party of Belarus - first, Kirill Mazurov, and then Pyotr Masherov, who replaced him in this post. The memorial at the site of the destroyed village appeared in 1969, but those who put it on fire and calmly exterminated the inhabitants of Khatyn, right up to the youngest children, deserved punishment overtaken much later. Why so? Consider the example of one of the main and most "famous" thanks to the press and the mention of criminals in historical sources - the headquarters of the Shutskans Grigory Vasyura, already mentioned by me. This monster, who personally destroyed at least 360 civilians during his police-SS military career, managed to survive in battle and ended up in a filtration camp in 1945. He learned to notice the marks of his German masters well, and therefore, in 1952, when he appeared before the military tribunal of the Kiev military district, he escaped with only an abstract charge of “cooperation with the invaders,” for which he received, instead of a more than well-deserved loop, 25 years of camps. What can I say? The eagles of Lavrenty Pavlovich, the load in those years was above all conceivable human forces. Millions of people, among whom there were prisoners of war, survivors of occupation, and hijacked to work in Germany, and those in relation to whom there were other questions about their life and work from 1941 to 1945 ... Was it possible to work out the whole this array of faces, dates, events, facts, suspicions, assumptions and versions with one hundred percent accuracy and efficiency? Unless - chopping off his shoulder, polling him down as traitors to all traitors in a row and acting with them accordingly. However, this could only be the case in the inflamed brain of Russian liberal “whistleblowers” and tirelessly replicated tales by them. In fact, it was different.
As you can see, even obvious collaborators were not pulled up at all or put to the wall unconditionally and without exception. There is no doubt - this was a purely practical meaning. The country destroyed by these bastards and their owners needed to be restored. The Soviet national economy needed wood, coal, ore ... To redeem their betrayal with a kyle, a saw or a wheelbarrow in the hands of the villains, they had to spend a good quarter of a century. To crawl out of the camps to die already at liberty, there were a handful of them. But here Stalin dies. In 1953, a military-party coup took place in the USSR. And on September 17, 1955, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR issued an unprecedented, incredible, unimaginable, spitting face and soul to all veterans of the Great Patriotic War Decree: “On the amnesty of Soviet citizens who collaborated with the invaders during the 1941-1945 war.” Personal initiative of Nikita, be he thrice wrong, Khrushchev. For this alone, he should be prepared in hell a personal boiler with an open-hearth temperature and high pressure! There is an assumption that he created this vileness, wanting to pull out compatriots - Ukrainian Bandera from the camps. However, along with them, the policemen, the Baltic "forest brothers" and the SS legionnaires, fascist lackeys of all stripes and nationalities rushed into the wild. Vasyura also returned home. Do you think that he hid himself in a mink and sat below the grass, quieter than water? Nothing like this! The emboldened ex-executioner moved to the Kiev region, where he soon became deputy director of one of the large state farms. Moreover! Marked in 1984 with the Veteran of Labor medal, the villain regularly met on the presidiums on May 9, and the Kiev Higher Military Engineering twice the Red Banner School of Communications named after M. I. Kalinin, which he really finished - before he ran to the Nazis, considered him his honorary cadet. Pride and self-confidence destroyed. On the occasion of the 40th anniversary of Victory, the punisher demanded the Order of the Patriotic War! The military registration and enlistment office began checking its “glorious military path”, and KGB officers were already finishing it. In 1986, exactly the same year when Klimovsky's “Go and See” was released, Vasyura was sentenced to death in Minsk ...
A little earlier - in 1975, the platoon of the 118th schutzmanbatalon Vasily Meleshko was shot. Even before that, in the early 70s, its members were exposed - Stepan Sakhno, Grigory Lakusta, Ostap Knap, Mikhail Kurka and Ivan Lozinsky. According to a completely inexplicable “mercy” for me, only Lacusta was shot. The rest escaped with 25 years of camps, in which for the most part they perished. Much more fortunate were those executioners who, in 1945, nevertheless managed to run to our “allies” so that they were empty. The commander of the 118th, Konstantin Smovsky, lived to old age and calmly gave his soul to hell in the American Minneapolis. At the same time he was a prominent figure in the Ukrainian “diaspora”, like his former subordinates Ivan Slizhuk and Joseph Vinnitsky, who also threw their hooves not in the scaffold or in the prison cells, but in their own beds; the first is in French Lyon, the second is in Canadian Montreal. By the way, Canada showed straightforward miracles of obstinacy, upholding the guilty of the destruction of Khatyn and many other Belarusian villages of Ukrainians from the 118th schutzmanbatalon who appeared on its territory. The last of them, Vladimir Katryuk, was completely refused there even after the initiation of a criminal case by the Investigative Committee of Russia against him under the article “Genocide”. There he died quite safely ... Stubbornly hiding the crimes of collaborators of all nationalities - Vlasovites, Ukrainian ghouls from the OUN and UPA, Baltic SS legionnaires and policemen with shutzmanns of all nationalities, the Soviet Union, in fact, was digging a hole for itself with its own hands. At the same time when Shcherbitsky was begging the Central Committee of the CPSU not to disclose the shameful secrets of his republic, the former Bandera liaisoner Leonid Kravchuk, one of the future “grave diggers”, was already working hard at the same time in the Central Committee of the Ukrainian Communist Party led by him. THE USSR.
The abscess had to be opened - decisively and cruelly, regardless of how painful and disgusting it would be. At the vowel, open trials after the end of World War II, sentences were to be pronounced not only to all the minions of the occupiers and nationalist bandits, but also to their criminal, hateful ideology. Our Motherland needed its own Nuremberg, which once and for all would give clear and unambiguous definitions to the traitors of the Motherland and its enemies. Detailed courses on the atrocities and atrocities of fascist lackeys and various “fighters for independence” should definitely be included in the history programs of not only universities, but also high schools. Perhaps this would be a vaccine against the poison that was injected into millions of minds and souls afterwards. It was this poison, not least of all, that caused the death of our great Motherland - the USSR, allowing the cynical and deceitful villains who stood at the head of the movements seeking to destroy it, sculpt during the years of “perestroika” the “executioners” of the executioners, declare the “invaders” as defenders and liberators. Even today, the consequences of the clumsy, clumsy attempts of Soviet propaganda to deny the obvious continue to be harmful, putting "arguments" in the hands of falsifiers of the history of our Fatherland. However, in this situation the saying is quite applicable: "Better late than never." At least the present young generation of our compatriots should know the truth about that war. The whole truth - without retouching and notes.