Khatyn - the tragedy of Belarus and the ideological blunder of the USSR


March 22 marks the next anniversary of the Khatyn tragedy. Wiped out from the face of the earth, along with one and a half hundred inhabitants 77 years ago, the Belarusian village today somehow fades against the backdrop of the global pandemic, the victims of which already tens of thousands of people. Nevertheless, we have no right to forget about the bloody atrocities that do not and cannot have a statute of limitations. As well as about their true culprits, hiding for decades from just retribution, thanks to the fatal mistakes that came to power in the Soviet Union after Stalin's death, fatal mistakes.


Moreover, no less serious, global and, without the slightest exaggeration, criminal miscalculations were made in the coverage of Khatyn’s theme in the future. We’ll talk about them today.

What remains behind the scenes


To say that the story of one of almost 700 Belarusian villages that disappeared from the face of the earth during the Nazi occupation of Belarusian villages in the USSR, which has become one of the main symbols of the outrageous atrocities of Hitler's executioners on Soviet soil, would be fundamentally wrong. What was the cost of only one film by Elem Klimov "Come and See". Recognized all over the world as one of the most terrifying films about the Great Patriotic War, this film shook even the most callous souls with its absolutely transcendent, truly apocalyptic nightmare. Personally, I will never forget the incomparable shock I experienced after its 1986 premiere. To this day, I am sure that viewing it should have long been mandatory for all Russian schoolchildren. Perhaps then we would not have sunk to the "boy Kolya from Urengoy" ... However, I seem to be distracted. So, they talked about the destruction of Khatyn, wrote and published books, made documentaries, and even the fictional one mentioned above. However, with all this, in the most literal sense, the truth about who exactly was to blame for this tragedy, and, equally, in dozens, hundreds of others, remained behind the scenes. Who actually participated in the destruction of entire settlements, brutal massacres of prisoners of war and civilians throughout the territory of our Motherland occupied by Nazi Germany. And also - in other countries, which fell under the boots of the "victorious Wehrmacht". Everywhere appeared the "canonical" version that some abstract "German-fascist invaders" were burnt alive and shot dead in the USSR. About their accomplices, in whose veins there was not even a drop of German or other foreign blood, everyone was amicably silent. Regarding Khatyn, they name quite specific characters who allegedly turned directly to the Central Committee of the CPSU with a request "not to aggravate the national question" during the investigation and further coverage of the cases of the Khatyn executioners. As such, they indicate the first secretaries of the republican Central Committees of the Communist Party of Ukraine and Belarus - Vladimir Shcherbitsky and Nikolai Slyunkov.

It's hard for me to judge the second of the named comrades. However, as far as Shcherbytsky is concerned, it was during his time in Ukraine that nationalism was persecuted quite harshly and he would hardly have started to “smear” the policemen who were dull in blood, and even turning to the very top. On the other hand, Vladimir Vasilyevich loved his native Ukraine very much and, not wanting to spoil the memory of millions of compatriots who heroically fought and died as victims of Nazi terror during the Great Patriotic War, he could well make certain efforts to ensure that the nationality of the overwhelming majority of Khatyn's executioners was not advertised ... However, the main problem, of course, was not the personal position of the party secretaries of certain fraternal republics, but in general, the fundamentally wrong and, in essence, deeply flawed approach to this issue that existed at the all-Union level. Under Stalin, traitors to the Motherland were persecuted relentlessly and cruelly enough. Although, as it turned out later, the rigidity was shown still insufficient, but more on that later. Joseph Vissarionovich personally decided that a bullet would be too great an honor for Hitler's lackeys and ordered them to be sent into a noose - for me personally, this is one of hundreds of reasons to respect him even more. Under Khrushchev, who most diligently hushed up and smeared with mud the great War, won under the leadership of the great Generalissimo he hated, and besides, he was also a Ukrainian, a truthful conversation about the massive complicity of the Nazis by representatives of quite certain peoples was simply impossible. Alas, not wanting to spoil the blissful picture of "friendship and brotherhood" in the USSR, its leaders and ideologists continued to hide the truth further.

Whose boys will you be?


Immediately I want to draw your attention to the following: to call the Khatyn monsters "Bandera", as the leader of the Ukrainian highly progressive and socialist party Natalya Vitrenko did (obviously not because of a great deal of knowledge of the issue), whose son today successfully "rules" Naftogaz, seeking all new reasons to sue Russia, it would be, at least, incorrect. Unless in a purely figurative sense, using this vile name as a common noun for all, without exception, Ukrainian nationalists, as is often done today in Russia and not only in it. In order to thoroughly understand the issue, it is necessary not to generalize, but quite accurately name all the participants in the destruction of Khatyn. So, in this crime, first of all, the bastards from SchutzmannschaftsBtl 118 / Ukrainian Schuma were involved - the 118th Schutzmannschaft battalion of the auxiliary security police. That is - and not close to Germans. Yes, nominally, thugs from SS-Sonderbataillon Dirlewanger, the SS Sonder Battalion Dirlewanger, were in charge of the massacre. But at that time in this completely phantasmagoric "team of freaks" the representatives of the Third Reich were also in an absolute minority. Basically - all the same collaborationist trash. Where did the talk about Bandera come from? After all, the 118th battalion was formed in no way on the territory of Galicia, but in the capital city of Kiev. Yes, to a large extent its rotten "backbone" was made up of the members of the so-called "Bukovyna kuren", which did not belong to the infamous Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA), but to the organization of Ukrainian nationalists (OUN). No less infamous, however. For the sake of fairness, it is necessary to point out that the "Bukovyns" belonged to the "Melnikov" part of the OUN, which in 1940 split into two wings - the followers of Melnik and Bandera, whose representatives hated each other fiercely.

“Well, what's the difference ?!” - You reasonably ask. Who needs this thorough differentiation of varieties ... you know what? The fact is that starting to make mistakes in terminology, we give a reason to yell: "Falsification!" those who are trying today to whitewash and justify all the above mentioned bastard. So we will be accurate and specific. So, the Ukrainian nationalists participated in the destruction of Khatyn quite clearly. I must say that some "historians" are trying to frankly distorting the facts, to say: "Not only Ukrainians were there!" Of course not. I won’t even try to argue. A significant part of both the "Shutsman" of the 118th and the SS Dirlewanger were recruited from among the captured soldiers of the Red Army, who agreed to go to executioners in order to save their own miserable lives. And the Russians were there, and not only them. However, we will, again, be objective. Who commanded 118 schutzmanbatalon? The German Erich Körner and Konstantin Smovsky are Ukrainian, who fought in the UPR army, and rushed head to the Nazis with the start of the Great Patriotic War. The chief of staff is Grigory Vasyura, a Ukrainian. Surname of the platoon: Meleshko, Pasichnyk, Gnatenko, Slavutenko. All true Aryans, yeah ... Like, however, the majority of their subordinates: Spivak, Sakhno, Katryuk, Kurka, Zvir, Lyutyk - as a selection of surnames. No, there somewhere Abdullaev was hesitating, and other nonhumans with nicknames, apparently, were Russians. However, any attempts to “move out” to the fact that the Germans called this damned battalion “Ukrainian” exclusively at the place of its formation are completely unsuccessful. Among the personnel of this police force, the absolute majority were people from this republic. It's true. The vile, shameful, disgusting, and yet - the truth ...

Prolonged payment


They started talking about the burning of Khatyn at the top of their lungs from about the end of the 60s of the last century. The main initiative here was shown by the first secretaries of the Communist Party of Belarus - first Kirill Mazurov, and then Peter Masherov, who replaced him in this post. A memorial on the site of the destroyed village appeared in 1969, but those who set it on fire and cold-bloodedly exterminated the inhabitants of Khatyn, up to the smallest children, were deservedly punished much later. Why is this so? Consider the example of one of the main and most "famous" thanks to the press and the mention of criminals in historical sources - the chief of staff of the shutsman Grigory Vasyura, already mentioned by me. This monster, who personally destroyed at least 360 civilians during his police-SS "career", managed to survive in battles and ended up in a filtration camp in 1945. He learned to cover his tracks from his German masters, and therefore in 1952, when he appeared before the military tribunal of the Kiev military district, he got off with only an abstract accusation of "cooperation with the occupiers", for which he received 25 years of camps instead of a more than well-deserved noose. What can you say here? The eagles of Lavrenty Pavlovich had a load in those years beyond all conceivable human strength. Millions of streams of people, among whom were those who have passed captivity, and those who survived the occupation, and those driven to work in Germany, and those in relation to whom there were other questions about their life and work from 1941 to 1945 ... Was it possible to work out the whole this array of faces, dates, events, facts, suspicions, assumptions and versions with XNUMX% accuracy and efficiency? Is that - chopping off the shoulder, without exception, recording everyone as traitors with traitors and acting with them accordingly. However, this could be the case only in the fevered brain of the domestic liberal "exposer" and the stories they tirelessly replicate. In fact, it was different.

As you can see, even obvious collaborators were not pulled up at all or put to the wall unconditionally and without exception. There is no doubt - this was a purely practical meaning. The country destroyed by these bastards and their owners needed to be restored. The Soviet national economy needed wood, coal, ore ... To redeem their betrayal with a kyle, a saw or a wheelbarrow in the hands of the villains, they had to spend a good quarter of a century. To crawl out of the camps to die already at liberty, there were a handful of them. But here Stalin dies. In 1953, a military-party coup took place in the USSR. And on September 17, 1955, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR issued an unprecedented, incredible, unimaginable, spitting face and soul to all veterans of the Great Patriotic War Decree: “On the amnesty of Soviet citizens who collaborated with the invaders during the 1941-1945 war.” Personal initiative of Nikita, be he thrice wrong, Khrushchev. For this alone, he should be prepared in hell a personal boiler with an open-hearth temperature and high pressure! There is an assumption that he created this vileness, wanting to pull out compatriots - Ukrainian Bandera from the camps. However, along with them, the policemen, the Baltic "forest brothers" and the SS legionnaires, fascist lackeys of all stripes and nationalities rushed into the wild. Vasyura also returned home. Do you think that he hid himself in a mink and sat below the grass, quieter than water? Nothing like this! The emboldened ex-executioner moved to the Kiev region, where he soon became deputy director of one of the large state farms. Moreover! Marked in 1984 with the Veteran of Labor medal, the villain regularly met on the presidiums on May 9, and the Kiev Higher Military Engineering twice the Red Banner School of Communications named after M. I. Kalinin, which he really finished - before he ran to the Nazis, considered him his honorary cadet. Pride and self-confidence destroyed. On the occasion of the 40th anniversary of Victory, the punisher demanded the Order of the Patriotic War! The military registration and enlistment office began checking its “glorious military path”, and KGB officers were already finishing it. In 1986, exactly the same year when Klimovsky's “Go and See” was released, Vasyura was sentenced to death in Minsk ...

Fatal default


Somewhat earlier, in 1975, Vasily Meleshko, a platoonman of the 118th Shutsman Battalion, was shot. Even before that, in the early 70s, its members were exposed - Stepan Sakhno, Grigory Lakusta, Ostap Knap, Mikhail Kurka and Ivan Lozinsky. By a completely inexplicable "mercy" for me, only Lakusta was shot. The rest got off with 25 years of camps, in which most of them disappeared. Much more fortunate were those executioners who, in 1945, still managed to reach ours, so that they were empty, "allies". The commander of the 118th, Konstantin Smovsky lived to old age and calmly gave his soul to the devil in American Minneapolis. At the same time, he was a prominent figure in the Ukrainian "diaspora", like his former subordinates Ivan Slizhuk and Iosif Vinnitsky, who also threw back their hooves not on the scaffold and not in prison cells, but in their own beds; the first is in Lyon, France, the second is in Montreal, Canada. Incidentally, Canada has shown miracles of stubbornness in defending the Ukrainians from the 118th Shutsman Battalion who found themselves on its territory responsible for the destruction of Khatyn and many other Belarusian villages. They refused to extradite the last of them, Vladimir Katryuk, even after the Russian Investigative Committee initiated a criminal case against him under the article “Genocide”. There, and died quite safely ... Stubbornly hushing up the crimes of collaborators of all nationalities - the Vlasovites, the Ukrainian ghouls from the OUN and UPA, the Baltic SS legionaries and policemen with shutsmen of all nationalities, the Soviet Union, in fact, was digging a hole for itself. At the very time when Shcherbitsky begged the Central Committee of the CPSU not to divulge the shameful secrets of his republic, in the Central Committee of the Ukrainian Communist Party headed by him, in rather large positions (and in the department of agitation and propaganda), the former Bandera liaison Leonid Kravchuk, one of the future "gravediggers", was already working hard THE USSR.

The abscess had to be opened - decisively and cruelly, regardless of how painful and disgusting it would be. At the public, open trials after the end of the Great Patriotic War, sentences were to be heard not only to every single servant of the occupiers and nationalist bandits, but also to their criminal, misanthropic ideology. Our Motherland needed its own Nuremberg, which would once and for all give clear and unambiguous definitions to the traitors to the Motherland and its enemies. Detailed courses on the atrocities and atrocities of fascist lackeys and various "fighters for independence" should have been included in the history programs not only of universities, but also of secondary schools. Perhaps this would become a vaccine against the poison that was subsequently injected into millions of minds and souls. It was this poison that, not least of all, became the cause of the death of our great Motherland - the USSR, allowing the cynical and deceitful villains who stood at the head of the movements that sought to destroy it, mold "heroes" from executioners during the years of "perestroika", declare defenders "occupiers" and liberators. Even today, the consequences of the clumsy, clumsy attempts of Soviet propaganda to deny the obvious continue to be harmful, putting "arguments" into the hands of the falsifiers of the history of our Fatherland. However, in this situation, the saying is quite applicable: "Better late than never." At least the present young generation of our compatriots should know the truth about that war. The whole truth - without retouching and cuts.
19 comments
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  1. Valentine Offline Valentine
    Valentine (Valentin) 28 March 2020 09: 00
    +4
    And all this was then called "political expediency", which, as a result, brought Ukraine to a state of ethnic cleansing and civil war.
    1. Ivan Ivanov_18 Offline Ivan Ivanov_18
      Ivan Ivanov_18 (Troll trolls) 28 March 2020 13: 38
      +5
      Khrushchev once pardoned Bandera. And in families Bandera always lived, just in Soviet times they were afraid. The East and the Galicians always did not like each other.
      1. isofat Offline isofat
        isofat (isofat) 28 March 2020 16: 06
        -2
        I do not see Bandera, I do not see.
        We found fools who were not deprived of a sense of patriotism, dressed up as Bandera, several staged atrocities, and the scapegoat was ready.

        Which nationalists? What are Bandera? President Zelensky, who are we? Who is Kolomoisky? Kedmi, an Israeli politician, called them Jews.

        Who should live well in Ukraine:



        Meanwhile, Zelensky wants to legitimize the presence of foreign military units.
        It seems that not far off joint exercises - "Catch Bandera."

        PS USA is a conductor who always stays dry.
        1. Valentine Offline Valentine
          Valentine (Valentin) 28 March 2020 16: 28
          +5
          But the Galicians do not need to row with Bandera, they are blood from the blood, flesh from the flesh and are the very ones whose grandfathers fought in the SS division "Galichina" and the Nachtigal battalion, which destroyed hundreds of thousands of civilians of the USSR. From a young age they were taught that sooner or later, but they would still be at war with the USSR, and now with Russia.

          Quote: isofat
          President Zelensky, who are we?

          - so you know better who your president Zelensky is.
          1. isofat Offline isofat
            isofat (isofat) 28 March 2020 20: 53
            +2
            Valentine, I'm talking about today's Ukraine and its "Bandera". Well, they’ll pick up a dozen, another ... There scapegoats act as Nazis.
            PS Sheep, because another word does not pass. But actually ... I think you can figure it out.
            1. Valentine Offline Valentine
              Valentine (Valentin) 29 March 2020 06: 46
              +5
              Quote: isofat
              Well, they’ll pick up a dozen

              It was this “dozen” that brought forty-millionth Ukraine to its knees, and a bloody ball rules there.
              1. Tatyana Offline Tatyana
                Tatyana 29 March 2020 14: 12
                +2
                Very good and correct article!
                Thanks to the author!
  2. Rostislav Offline Rostislav
    Rostislav (Rostislav) 28 March 2020 09: 28
    +4
    They were silent in vain.

    With good intentions, the road to hell is paved.
  3. Guerilla1 Offline Guerilla1
    Guerilla1 (Eremeev) 28 March 2020 10: 05
    +6
    Fiercely plus, I knew about this before, but did not know the names and fate of the executioners.
    I completely agree with the conclusions.
    In Khatyn was ...
  4. Igor Pavlovich (Igor Pavlovich) 28 March 2020 10: 59
    -8
    Jews were always to blame for all the troubles of the USSR, Ukrainians were to blame for all the troubles of today's Russia (according to Neukropny) ...
    1. S.V.YU Offline S.V.YU
      S.V.YU 28 March 2020 18: 08
      +2
      But to juggle like a small sharpie, DO NOT!
      1. Ivan Ivanov_18 Offline Ivan Ivanov_18
        Ivan Ivanov_18 (Troll trolls) 28 March 2020 21: 05
        +2
        Why how?
  5. Ivan Ivanov_18 Offline Ivan Ivanov_18
    Ivan Ivanov_18 (Troll trolls) 28 March 2020 13: 35
    +6
    They burned not only Khatyn. And besides them, Lithuanians with Latvians were also noted there.
  6. goncharov.62 Offline goncharov.62
    goncharov.62 (Andrei) 28 March 2020 15: 06
    +5
    Jews were always to blame for all the troubles of the USSR, Ukrainians were to blame for all the troubles of today's Russia (according to Neukropny) ..

    Igor Pavlovich, re-read the article. Although probably your so-called it will not help logic ...
    1. S.V.YU Offline S.V.YU
      S.V.YU 28 March 2020 18: 10
      0
      It's incorrigible! He is a true CEEUROPEAN!
  7. 123 Offline 123
    123 (123) 28 March 2020 20: 29
    +4
    Hush up - don’t hush up, but you can’t hide the awl in a bag. That Khatyn was not burned by the Germans, I know from the age of seven, I heard from my grandfather.
  8. gorenina91 Offline gorenina91
    gorenina91 (Irina) 28 March 2020 21: 36
    0
    Whose boys will you be?
    So, in this crime were involved, first of all, ... ki from SchutzmannschaftsBtl 118 / Ukrainian Schuma - the 118th schutzman-scale battalion of the auxiliary security police. That is - and not any Germans are close. Yes, nominally the reprisals were led by thugs from the SS-Sonderbataillon Dirlewanger - the SS Dirlewanger probe-battalion.

    - Why so propagandize all this abomination ??? - What kind of pseudo-romantic names, "covered with a halo" ... - Some UNA UNSO, UPA, Galicia Division, etc. ... -Well, you must ...
    - These details are for litigation and sentencing ...
    - Some organizations of the then vulgar henchmen ... - almost variegated local then formation of the private security company ... - took and elevated to the rank of even whole military formations with "romantic names" ... And these are policemen, "German chopovtsy", the most grassroots and despised even by the Germans themselves, formed from the last human scum, the degenerates of the human race and the human rabble ... - armed gangs that, out of fear for their lives and because of a base sense of the possibility of robbing and killing their own compatriots with impunity ... were ready to carry out any order of the Germans ... - Even the Germans disdained these "Chopovtsy" ... - they were entrusted with the dirtiest work ... to kill civilians, women and children, burn villages, etc. ... - They and performed all this with great zeal ... and they cannot have any human nickname ...
    - And then the “Galichin’s division”, “Nakhtigal”, “UPA” ... - etc ... - That's what they should be called ...- "ghouls" ...- and nothing more ... - And then we ourselves create popularity for them when we call them as they called themselves ...- Do not do this ... - ghouls ...- and nothing more ...
  9. Regis Offline Regis
    Regis (Sergey Kopan) 29 March 2020 18: 03
    +3
    Yes, against the background of the howl of “all liberal” ratification of the “atrocities” of the Stalinist regime, some kind of soft-temperedness and forgiveness looms plainly. As for ideological work, it seems that amateurs, or even direct pests, were engaged in it.
  10. Evgeny Rubtsov Offline Evgeny Rubtsov
    Evgeny Rubtsov (Evgeny Rubtsov) April 13 2020 21: 08
    0
    Formed in Kiev - this is where the infection is!