Why Russia needs a North-South route bypassing Turkey


Recent events in Idlib have shown how much Russia depends on transit through the Bosphorus and Dardanelles. If Moscow and Ankara were not able to come to a compromise, Turkey would be able to aggravate the conflict and close its straits to supply the Russian military contingent in the SAR. Together with him would be covered and the “Syrian express” for Damascus.


Without ammunition, fuel and lubricants and spare parts for equipment you won’t get much. In addition, the closure of the straits would put an end to the trade in oil and oil products from the Black Sea, which would be a big economic blow. How can one, if this problem is not solved at the root, then at least reduce the risks?

We need to “solve something” with the Turkish Straits, but we will not seriously consider radical options, such as the creation of the “Byzantine People’s Republic”. And it’s worthwhile to think about a solution to the problem as soon as President Erdogan is clearly set to change the status of the Dardanelles and the Bosphorus.

Today it is determined by the Montreux Convention, but Ankara intends to build a bypass canal called Istanbul, after which a review of the international regime for the use of the straits suggests itself. Knowing Recep Erdogan’s grasp, there is no doubt that everything will be done in the interests of Turkey itself and its NATO allies, as well as to the detriment of their opponents, including Russia. What are the roundabout routes, and who can you try to bet on as an alternative to Turkey?

In addition to the traditional Suez, Turkish Bosphorus and Dardanelles, the Chinese New Silk Road, there is another promising international transport corridor from Asia to northeast Europe. This is a route from India through Iran and Russia to the Baltic under the name "North - South" with a total length of 7,2 thousand kilometers.

The project is very interesting for all participating countries. Today, India is a real regional competitor to China, which is experiencing great difficulties due to the coronavirus epidemic. Iran, suffering from Western sanctions, could get the most out of its geopolitical position: it has access to the Indian Ocean, the Caspian Sea, and the Strait of Hormuz controls. Tehran has already made serious investments in the development of its transport infrastructure for future transit.

Russia could have won a lot. In the Caspian, we have two suitable ports, but they require investments to expand capacity. Ships of the sea-river class could pass through the domestic river network to the European part of the country, which would ensure lower cost and delivery times. It is estimated that the North-South route will be able to take on up to 20% of cargo through the Turkish Straits. It is clear that this will not be a full replacement for the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles in economic terms, but the degree of dependence on Ankara will decrease. In addition, the possibility of uninterrupted supply of the Russian contingent in Syria will increase.

Among the obstacles to the implementation of the project American sanctions against Iran can be mentioned, but in any case they should not prevent the improvement of trade between our countries and the Asia-Pacific region.
Photos used: Alex omen / wikipedia.org
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  1. gorenina91 Offline
    gorenina91 (Irina) 19 March 2020 16: 52
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    Without ammunition, fuel and lubricants and spare parts for equipment, you won’t get much. In addition, the closure of the straits would put an end to the trade in oil and oil products from the Black Sea, which would be a big economic blow.

    - Yes, of course ... - Personally, I’m just tired of writing about it ...- and about the Russian fortified area in Syria; and about the large-scale deployment of Russian military infrastructure; about the global structure of Russian air defense in Syria, etc ... etc ... - Personally, I still can not understand ...- and what are the Syrian tanks refueling with; Armored personnel carriers; all Syrian military and civilian equipment ... - after all, all Syrian hydrocarbons are in the hands of Americans and Turks ... - This is what ... - and all gasoline; and diz. fuel; and other fuels and lubricants are imported from Russia ??? - Yes, it’s just space expenses that Russia suffers ... - just a nightmare ...
    - With the right policy in Syria, Russia would long ago have reached the Syrian oil and gas fields ... - After all, the Americans easily left; when they simply brazenly entered their troops into Syria; and the Turks - in exactly the same way ... - But Russia, much earlier, at the request of Syria, introduced its arms. strength ... - So it was necessary to act ... - And then, while our guarantor hugged with Erdogan; may he save him; Yes, he turned a blind eye to all of his art ... - the United States and Turkey did not sleep, acted ... - That's the result ...
    - And today, it is unlikely that Russia will be able to somehow enter Syria, in a different way; except through the "Turkish Straits" ... - well, and also by air (which is also very problematic) ... - No more ... - slammed the opportunity ... to relatively easily create a military district in Syria ...- with its oil distillation (from local raw materials) and the Russian military repair and construction base ...
    - To the author I put a plus ... - the topic is very timely ...
  2. Nikolay Malyugin (Nikolai Malyugin) 19 March 2020 18: 52
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    The Bosphorus is not to go round and go around. We must observe our interests here. With the tough question posed, Turkey also has something to lose. Gromyko unequivocally spoke about the closure of the Bosphorus. He said that there will be two straits, but there will be no Istanbul. And then the situation was much more restless.
    1. Natan bruk Offline
      Natan bruk (Natan Bruk) 20 March 2020 09: 48
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      Gromyko never said anything like that. This is a widespread fake, one of many similar ones walking on the Internet ..
    2. DPN Offline
      DPN (DPN) April 14 2020 08: 41
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      YOU recall the Soviet era: the USSR was just allowed, Russia was not allowed — NO that industrial POWER. At that time, after the Second World War they were able to launch a man into space, and for 30 years we could not even make a plane.
  3. gorenina91 Offline
    gorenina91 (Irina) 19 March 2020 19: 10
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    - Actually ...- our guarantor would have been "head over heels" and would not have tried to please Turkey in everything, then ... then ... then ... he would have made Erdogan a very harsh condition ...
    - Namely:
    - A plane with Russian tourists-ba_ra_na_mi to Turkey equals = a caravan of Russian ships (with equipment, Russian equipment and everything else necessary) to Syria ... - Here's a "exchange" ...
    - Russia sends tourists to Turkey; and Turkey freely passes through the "straits" caravans of Russian transport and military ships ...
    - And the same thing with Turkish tomatoes - “goods for goods” ...
    - And only in no other way ... - After all, the "Turkish Stream" was covered with a copper basin anyway ...- so, for Erdogan, he ceased to be an instrument of blackmail ...
    - And then you would have looked ... - where would Erdogan have gone ... - just as soon as silk would have become ....- he would have tried then not to fulfill “such conditions” set by Russia ...
  4. Marzhecki Offline
    Marzhecki (Sergei) 20 March 2020 06: 47
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    Quote: Nikolai Malyugin
    Gromyko unequivocally spoke about the closure of the Bosphorus. He said that there will be two straits, but there will be no Istanbul. And then the situation was much more restless.

    His daughter was not a US citizen.
    1. Natan bruk Offline
      Natan bruk (Natan Bruk) 21 March 2020 02: 15
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      You also did not know that the statement allegedly made by Gromyko is a cheap fake, which is carried out only by naive gullible people who do not know Soviet history?
  5. greenchelman Offline
    greenchelman (Grigory Tarasenko) 21 March 2020 10: 27
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    Question. How does the construction of a canal in Istanbul affect the Montreux doctrine?
  6. Ivan Ivanov_18 Offline
    Ivan Ivanov_18 (Troll trolls) 21 March 2020 11: 09
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    Sea-river class vessels could pass through the domestic river network to the European part of the country.

    They pass. And not only to the European part of the country, but also to the White Sea.