Foreign military intervention 1918-1922: how the Bolsheviks saved Russia


At the beginning of the 20th century, Russia was on the verge of destruction. Soviet power was not recognized by imperialists and posed a serious threat to the bourgeois system. As a result, already in December 1917, a secret Anglo-French agreement was concluded on the division of Russia into spheres of influence. Later, the United States joined it, advocating the complete dismemberment of the state.


In March 1918, troops of Britain, France and the United States landed in Murmansk. In April, Japan occupies the East of Russia. Czechoslovak troops with the support of the White Guards capture: Omsk, Tomsk, Krasnoyarsk, Penza, Syzran, Samara and Chelyabinsk.

At the same time, the signing of the enslaving "Brest Peace" saved Soviet Russia from complete defeat, but did not stop the German interventionists. On April 18, 1918, German troops entered Crimea, occupied Taganrog on May 1, Rostov on May 8, and also invaded the Taman Peninsula and Georgia.

An anti-Soviet government is being created in all occupied territories, which establishes landlord orders and forms its own armed forces. Thanks to the intervention of the capitalists, the civil war began to rage throughout Russia.

In response, under the leadership of Lenin, the Central Committee is developing a program to mobilize all forces and means to defend the Socialist Fatherland. Hundreds of thousands of workers and peasants volunteered for the Red Army. A large half of the Bolshevik party also went to the front.

During the mobilization, the number of the Red Army increased to a million people. This immediately brought its results. The German henchman Ataman Krasnov was pushed back for Don. From the White Guards were released: Kazan, Simbirsk and Samara.

After the defeat of the Germans in the First World War, the Soviet government annulled the Brest Treaty and issued an order to attack with the goal of liberating Ukraine, Belarus and the Baltic states.

At the same time, the defeat of Germany untied the hands of the Entente. Instead of the Germans, troops came to Russia: France, the USA, Poland, Italy, Great Britain and its dominions. The Soviet Republic was surrounded almost from all sides.

The Entente made the main bet on Admiral Kolchak. In the spring of 19th, his XNUMXth army, with the support of the interventionists, went on the offensive. However, the Red Army managed to gain a number of victories, during which the Urals and Siberia were liberated. Then, General Yudenich was driven back to Estonia.

General Denikin was advancing from the south. Its main goal was Moscow. But, in the fall of 1919, the Bolsheviks managed to crush the White Guards and drive them back south.

The defeat of Kolchak and Denikin gave only a slight respite. The imperialists begin a new campaign against Soviet Russia, drawing into the war: Poland, the remnants of the White Guard army in the Crimea and Petliura gangs in Ukraine. At the same time, in order to continue foreign military supplies, General Wrangel signs an agreement that drives Russia into complete enslaving dependence on the West.

The Red Army, having launched a counterattack, forced exhausted Poland to sign a peace treaty, which made it possible to concentrate on fighting the remnants of the White Guards. With the defeat of Wrangel, the struggle against counter-revolution and intervention in most of the country was completed. The last, in 1922, the Japanese withdrew their troops.

In case of victory of the White Guards, Russia was waiting for the fate of the colony of capitalist countries. However, the Soviet government and the Red Army were able not only to “knock out teeth” to the interventionists, but to show workers around the world an example of a selfless struggle against imperialism.

  • Photos used: Library of Congress
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  1. Peter Tverdokhlebov 18 March 2020 15: 52
    0
    1881 The assassination of Alexander 2
    + 36 years
    1917 Revolution in Russia and the subsequent civil war
    + 36 years
    1953 Death or Assassination of Stalin
    + 36 years
    1989 Revolution in the countries of the ATS, a parade of sovereignty and the subsequent collapse of the USSR
    + 36 years
    2025 year
    Every 36 years in Russia there is a change of power, in astrology this is called the Connection of Saturn and Neptune!
    In 1917 and 1989, the sun had maximum solar activity, the Russian biophysicist Alexander Chizhevsky proved that during the maximum solar activity, the sun sends charged particles to the earth that affect the mental state of people and which subsequently cause riots, revolutions, etc.

    The next maximum solar activity, scientists suggest in 2025!
    2025 - the year The conjunction of Saturn and Neptune + maximum solar activity =?
    1. Arkharov Offline Arkharov
      Arkharov (Grigory Arkharov) 18 March 2020 16: 53
      -2
      Nonsense complete, "The combination of Saturn and Neptune" only affects the inhabitants of Russia? And what Chizhevsky in 1987, he died in 1964. What about the reptilians and the planet Nibiru? Somehow the topic is not disclosed?
      1. Peter Tverdokhlebov 18 March 2020 17: 20
        0
        He died in 1964, but his theory remained true!
        And here is 1987?

        1968 maximum solar activity - riots in France
        1979 maximum solar activity - revolution in Iran
        2014 maximum solar activity - revolution in Ukraine
        1. Arkharov Offline Arkharov
          Arkharov (Grigory Arkharov) 18 March 2020 17: 29
          -2
          1968 - events in Czechoslovakia
          1979 - as a result of an internal coup, Iraqi President Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr resigned. His place was taken by Saddam Hussein.
          2014 - The military coup in Thailand.
        2. Arkharov Offline Arkharov
          Arkharov (Grigory Arkharov) 18 March 2020 17: 56
          -2
          1971 - military coup in Bolivia. Colonel Hugo Banser became president.
          1993 - in an attempted military coup in Burundi, President Melchior Ndadaye and six main ministers were killed. The outbreak of civil war in Burundi.
          2015 - Hussites rebelled in Yemen seized power in the country and announced the dissolution of parliament.
          Continue?
          1. Peter Tverdokhlebov 18 March 2020 18: 15
            -1
            Go on.
      2. Peter Tverdokhlebov 18 March 2020 18: 24
        -1
        http://all-astrology.ru/articles/rokovyie-godyi/
        1. Arkharov Offline Arkharov
          Arkharov (Grigory Arkharov) 19 March 2020 08: 06
          -2
          Astrology - 100% pseudoscience. Designed, as a rule, for the illiterate, gullible and not very capable of critical thinking.
          1. Regis Offline Regis
            Regis (Sergey Kopan) 20 March 2020 13: 06
            +1
            In the same way as Christianity .... however, like any "faith" where it is necessary to accept the basic postulate "on faith". At the same time, for example, in South Korea they trust and live according to astrological forecasts.
            1. Arkharov Offline Arkharov
              Arkharov (Grigory Arkharov) 20 March 2020 13: 19
              -1
              Straight all over South Korea? You can probably “live”, the main thing is that there isn’t much foolishness in this, and it really doesn’t affect anything. Something like the color of clothes worn today, or not to pet a black dog today, does not significantly affect vital activity. The main thing is not to make serious decisions based on this nonsense; one astrologer in the 30s and 40s already made decisions in Germany.
              1. Regis Offline Regis
                Regis (Sergey Kopan) 20 March 2020 14: 12
                0
                Naturally, not all, but most. For example, grooms and brides, mainly in traditional families, are selected according to astroprognosis. Exaggeration is not necessary, I'm talking about the "black dog", there are enough people bringing everything to the point of absurdity. Look out the window - with the epidemic is enough. Do you mean Adolf Aloizovich? Who knows how it really was, the winners write the story. Until a certain period, nobody really wanted to laugh much at his “astrology”.
  2. steelmaker Online steelmaker
    steelmaker 19 March 2020 08: 55
    +1
    In general, everything that the communists have done in the fight against ANTANTA is worthy of RESPECT !! This does not only mean that the country was ruled by competent military personnel, but an educational policy was set ideologically competently. But this is no longer taught in SCHOOLS!
  3. Oleg Rambover Offline Oleg Rambover
    Oleg Rambover (Oleg Rambover) 19 March 2020 17: 43
    0
    The Red Army, having launched a counterattack, forced exhausted Poland to sign a peace treaty, which made it possible to concentrate on fighting the remnants of the White Guards.

    Rather, exhausted Poland forced the Soviet government to sign a peace treaty.
  4. Regis Offline Regis
    Regis (Sergey Kopan) 20 March 2020 13: 05
    0
    1. England - Arkhangelsk (1918), Murmansk (1918), Baltic (1918), Revel (1919), Narva (1919), Black Sea, (1920), Sevastopol (1920), Caspian Sea (1920), Transcaucasia (1918) ), Vladivostok (1918).
    2. USA - Arkhangelsk (1918), Murmansk (1918), Trans-Siberian Railway.
    3. France - Arkhangelsk (1918), Murmansk (1918), Odessa (1918), Kherson (1918), Sevastopol (1918), Siberia.
    4. Australia - Arkhangelsk (1918), Murmansk (1918).
    5. Canada - Arkhangelsk (1918). Murmansk (1918).
    6. Italy - Murmansk, the Far East.
    7. Greece - Odessa, the Black Sea.
    8. Romania - Bessarabia.
    9. Poland -Ukraine, Belarus.
    10. Japan - the Far East (Vladivostok, Sakhalin).
    11. Serbia - The Serbian Battalion. North of Russia.
    12. Finland - Karelia. The "Karelian" and "Murmansk" legions created by the British.
    13. Germany - Ukraine, the Baltic states, part of European Russia.
    14. Austria-Hungary as an ally of Germany).
    15. Turkey (Ottoman Empire) - Transcaucasia.
  5. Serge Tixiy Offline Serge Tixiy
    Serge Tixiy (Serge Tixiy) April 18 2020 07: 58
    +1
    On November 15 (28), 1917, the Supreme Council of the Entente made an official decision on intervention in Russia. Secondly, already on December 10 (23), 1917, the leaders of the European core of the Entente - England and France - signed a convention on the division of Russia into spheres of influence. (links). They were not going to restore any monarchy. And they certainly did not intend to make Russia an equivalent partner. They were going to turn Russia into a colony. It was obvious (obvious now). But not everyone.
    States and countries participating in the intervention:
    1. England - Arkhangelsk (1918), Murmansk (1918), Baltic (1918), Revel (1919), Narva (1919), Black Sea, (1920), Sevastopol (1920), Caspian Sea (1920), Transcaucasia (1918) ), Vladivostok (1918).
    2. USA - Arkhangelsk (1918), Murmansk (1918), Trans-Siberian Railway
    3. France - Arkhangelsk (1918), Murmansk (1918), Odessa (1918), Kherson (1918), Sevastopol (1918), Siberia.
    4. Australia - Arkhangelsk (1918), Murmansk (1918).
    5. Canada - Arkhangelsk (1918). Murmansk (1918).
    6. Italy - Murmansk, the Far East.
    7. Greece - Odessa, the Black Sea.
    8. Romania - Bessarabia.
    9. Poland - North of Russia, South, Siberia.
    10. Japan - Far East (Vladivostok, Sakhalin)
    11. China - Arkhangelsk (1918), Murmansk (1918).
    12. Serbia - The Serbian Battalion. North of Russia.
    13. Finland - Karelia. The "Karelian" and "Murmansk" legions created by the British.
    14. Germany - Ukraine, the Baltic States, part of European Russia
    15. Austria-Hungary as an ally of Germany)
    16. Turkey (Ottoman Empire) - Transcaucasia.
    Churchill spoke quite bluntly:
    “... It would be a mistake to think that throughout this year we fought on the fronts for the cause of the Russians hostile to the Bolsheviks. On the contrary, the Russian White Guards fought for our cause. "This truth will become unpleasantly sensitive from the moment the white armies are destroyed, and the Bolsheviks establish their rule throughout the vast Russian empire.”
    Churchill V. World Crisis. Chapter 12

    The Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich Romanov, the Russian admiral (his wife was the sister of Nicholas II) in the book of memoirs, writes in the epilogue of his book (he died in 1933 in Paris) - as a kind of testament:
    ““ Apparently, the “allies” are going to turn Russia into a British colony, wrote Trotsky in one of his proclamations in the Red Army. And wasn’t he this time right? Inspired by Sir Heinrich Deterding (British “oil king.” - Vadim Kozhinov), or simply following the old Disraeli-Beaconsfield program (the most influential statesman of Great Britain in the 1840-1870s. - Vadim Kozhinov), the British Foreign Office discovered a bold intention to inflict a mortal blow on Russia ... The executors of European destinies Apparently, they admired their own ingenuity: they hoped with one blow to kill the Bolsheviks, and the possibility of the revival of a strong Russia. The position of the leaders of the White movement became impossible. On the one hand, pretending that they did not notice the intrigues of the allies, they called ... to the holy struggle against the Soviets, on the other hand, the guard of Russian national interests was none other than the internationalist Lenin, who in his constant speeches did not spare his strength to protest against the division of the former Russian empire ... "

    Lenin! It was not Wrangel and Kolchak who stood guard over Russian national interests. Lenin and the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army, led by the best officers in Russia.

    Kolchak from December 1917 - British officer.
    “On December 30, 1917, I was accepted into the service of His Majesty the King of England,” he wrote to his mistress Temireva.
    He left the Russian Empire in July 1917, at the height of the 1st World War. “Missed” October for a year, and returned to his homeland in September 1918. By order of the English government.

    How to consider it? Which admiral, which fleet?