The main anti-Soviet myths about the Civil War

The civil war of 1917-1922 was "overgrown" with numerous myths, where the Bolsheviks were accused of unleashing it, and the October Revolution was called an event disastrous for Russia. However, if you look, then far from everything that anti-Soviet propagandists so diligently present is true.


For example, one of the most common myths is that the Germans paid the revolution. For the first time, such accusations against the Bolsheviks were voiced back in 1917. True, then the investigation did not find any evidence and the trial did not take place. Then the counterrevolutionaries tried to use the Brest Peace as an enslaving argument for Russia. But the reason for its signing was by no means collusion, but the banal tiredness of the army. And finally, the last argument in the “union” of the Bolsheviks with the Germans was Sisson’s widely circulated documents, which ultimately turned out to be a fake created by the Polish journalist Ossendowski.

Even today it is often said that the people at that time did not support the Bolsheviks. This statement is based on the results of the elections to the Constituent Assembly, where the Bolsheviks gained only about 24% of the vote. But, firstly, the petty bourgeoisie and counter-revolutionary parties were involved in the preparation of this event, which ultimately led to numerous violations. And, secondly, the Soviets were then the real power in the country. And there the Bolsheviks won the elections in most regions of Russia, which is vivid proof of popular support.

False is the accusation of the Soviet government in starting the Civil War. Despite the relatively peaceful transition of power to the Soviets, the counter-revolution responded with the rebellions of Kerensky-Krasnov, the cadets in Petrograd and Kaledin to the Don, the Bolsheviks showed exceptional tolerance for their opponents. However, the bourgeoisie managed to significantly strengthen anti-Soviet sentiment after the signing of the "Brest Peace", which ultimately led to the rise of counter-revolutionary activity and the outbreak of the Civil War.

The assertion about a strong exaggeration of the role played by the help of the foreign allies of the White Guard was fundamentally false. Interested in the war within Russia and economic depending on the latter, the former allies of the Entente provided material and financial support to the White Guards. For example, by the end of 1919, the total debt of the army of Denikin to England amounted to more than 40 million pounds. At the same time, Kolchak’s army received no less help.

And, finally, the fallacy is that the White Guard fought for a single and indivisible Russia. In fact, the counter-revolution pursued only two goals "paid" by foreign states: the overthrow of the Soviet government and the occupation, and then the division of Russia into spheres of influence. At the same time, there was no unity among the White Guards themselves, where each faction saw the future of the country in its own way.

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  1. Oleg Rambover Offline
    Oleg Rambover (Oleg Rambover) 15 March 2020 00: 53
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    1. The supply of financing for the Bolsheviks by the Germans is a debatable issue. But it is reliably known that the Germans and Austrians allocated money for the revolution in Russia, the question is whether they came.
    And yes

    The revolutionary class in a reactionary war cannot but wish to defeat its government.

    The smallest evil would now be immediately - the defeat of tsarism in this war. For tsarism is a hundred times worse than Kaiserism.

    2. The majority of the population of the Republic of Ingushetia were apolitical and were for faith, the king and the fatherland, but this was a silent majority, an active minority decided everything.

    3. Regarding the civil war, we turn to Lenin:

    The slogan of peace, in my opinion, is incorrect at the moment. This is a philistine, priestly slogan. The proletarian slogan should be: civil war

    Our slogan is civil war.
    We cannot “make it”, but we preach it and work in this direction. ... incitement to hatred for his government, calls ... for their joint civil war ...
    No one dares to vouch when and how much this sermon is “justified” in practice: that’s not the point ...
    The slogan of peace is now ridiculous and erroneous ...

    4. 40 million pounds - this is a rather modest amount compared, for example, with royal debts (differed by orders of magnitude).

    5.

    And, finally, the fallacy is that the White Guard fought for a single and indivisible Russia. In fact, the counter-revolution pursued only two goals "paid" by foreign states: the overthrow of the Soviet government and the occupation, and then the division of Russia into spheres of influence. At the same time, there was no unity among the White Guards themselves, where each faction saw the future of the country in its own way.

    Well, this is completely a lie, one can recall the history of Finland’s independence. The whites refused to recognize her, and the Bolsheviks granted her. In general, this is one of the important reasons for the defeat of whites, not flexibility in national issues. They advocated for Russia within the old borders, the Bolsheviks were much more flexible in these matters, and received support in national movements (we can recall the Latvian riflemen).
  2. Citizen Mѣshkov (Sergѣi) 17 March 2020 02: 34
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    ... Russia by the end of 1916 created a large increase in military forces. The fighting also showed a very significant increase in military equipment. The High Command will have to reckon with the fact that the enemy in the beginning of 1917 will be overwhelmingly stronger than us. Our situation is unusually difficult, and there is almost no way out of it!

    ... In April and May 1917, it was not the victories on the River En and Champagne that saved us, but the Russian revolution! ..

    General Ludendorf.

    If White had guessed to put forward the slogan of the kulak king, we would not have survived for a couple of weeks.

    Trotsky