BelAES: A project that turned against Russia itself


Relations between Russia and Belarus are beginning to worsen visibly. The first victim of a mutual misunderstanding of Moscow and Minsk runs the risk of becoming BelAES. Why is this energy project at risk of becoming a symbol of short-sighted policy The Kremlin?


The fact that Minsk set a goal to gain energy independence has been known since 2011. President Lukashenko then bluntly stated:

We will move away from electricity imports and will supply a significant part of it to foreign markets.

Independence is understandable from whom - from Russia, from whom else. Due to the diversification program, the share of gas in the balance sheet of Belarus was supposed to decrease from 80% to 50%, and nuclear energy - to increase to 12%. The latter was helped by Rosatom, which began the construction of BelAES with a Russian loan.

A nuclear power plant is being built near the border with Lithuania, which causes sharp rejection from Vilnius. The total cost of the project with all the adjacent infrastructure is $ 9 billion, provided as part of the loan until 2035. Minsk assumed that it would be able to recapture investments by exporting electricity to the West.

But it turned out differently. The partners miscalculated greatly, as the 2008 crisis introduced major adjustments to their plans. Those countries of the European Union, on the market of which Belarus was counting, now especially do not need its energy. Lithuania is actively opposing the purchase of hostile electrons. Moreover, the Baltic States intends to finally get out of the unified energy ring BRELL. There is no additional demand for Belarusian electricity in neighboring Ukraine and Russia.

It turns out that the chances of a commercial return on the project sharply decreased. At the same time, BelAES is almost ready to start work: its second power unit is already 70% ready. And here the fun begins. Against the background of aggravation of relations with Russia due to unwillingness to carry out integration within the Union State, the Belarusian side, according to some experts, began to artificially slow down the construction of the BelaPP. This is especially noticeable in recent months against the backdrop of the "oil war", where Minsk was forced to cede Moscow.

He conceded, but decided to recoup at the BelAES, where serious penalties for missing deadlines are provided, President Lukashenko recalls:

Uncomfortable, uncomfortable, but decided that in this regard we will agree: there is no other way. Either we introduce penalties for late payments (and there is a lot of money), or they move on a loan.

The Belarusian leader insists that Russia "move" on the loan, reducing its interest rate and deferring payments. But this is not the most regrettable. Deputy Energy Minister of our “ally” Mikhail Mikhadyuk directly hinted that, if necessary, fuel from the American company Westinghouse could be used in BelAES reactors.

In other words, Russia built Belarus’s nuclear power plant at its own expense, naively believing that it would control it with fuel supplies. But in the new geopolitical realities, when the split between Moscow and Minsk begins, this project bizarrely turns against us: if we don’t finish it, we will get fines, if we build it, the Americans can come to us instead of us.

Apparently, the next logical step is the exit of Belarus from BRELL already, then, you see, it will be allowed to supply energy from BelAES to Europe. It is worth recalling that the "ingenious" in its thoughtfulness decision to build a nuclear power plant in Belarus was taken to the detriment of the construction of the Baltic nuclear power plant in their native Kaliningrad.
Photos used: Arkady Sukhonin / Rosatom
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  1. orange Offline
    orange (ororpore) 16 February 2020 10: 30
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    The construction of Turkey at its own expense, “Akkuyu” will also come sideways.

    Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Turkey on cooperation in the field of construction and operation of a nuclear power plant at the Akkuyu site in the Republic of Turkey as economically disadvantageous for Russia, in particular

    1. There are no financial obligations on the part of Turkey (with a high probability all expenses will be paid from the Russian budget, with more than half of them being covered by Turkish contractors);
    2. There are no obligations of the Turkish side to build power lines and substations for the issuance of capacities.
    It is unclear whether there will be demand for electricity from nuclear power plants, since the station is located near the resort area of ​​Antalya, where there are no large industrial enterprises;
    3. Turkish citizens are trained free of charge for the operation of nuclear power plants;
    4. The price of electricity was fixed for 25 years, excluding dollar inflation, rising world electricity prices and changes in exchange rates;
    5. The agreement does not spell out force majeure circumstances, as well as a ban on the nationalization of nuclear power plants;
    6. The project company received an interest-free loan for construction, which is unprecedented in the practice of long-term international investment contracts.
    1. GRF Offline
      GRF 16 February 2020 11: 15
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      What is missing is the point that it is being built by Russian slaves captured by the Chechens and sold to the Turks ...
      Well, if all this is so disadvantageous to Russia, then it should be so beneficial to Turkey.
      And if, in particular because of this, Turkey does not start a war with Russia ... although whoever takes into account priceless lives ... in the profitable state corporation Rosatom, I think you strongly disagree with you, re-read the agreement.
    2. 123 Offline
      123 (123) 16 February 2020 16: 02
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      1. There are no financial obligations on the part of Turkey (with a high probability all expenses will be paid from the Russian budget, with more than half of them being covered by Turkish contractors);

      How big is this 50/50 “share of probability” ?, about contractors the same analysis? smile

      2. There are no obligations of the Turkish side to build power lines and substations for the issuance of capacities.

      Could the construction of substations be agreed upon in a separate agreement? Maybe the Turks will not build it at all, but another Russian company?

      3. Turkish citizens are trained free of charge for the operation of nuclear power plants;

      The company will operate the station itself, and will train employees for itself. Must they have different conditions? Some are taught for money, others are free. Is it discrimination based on citizenship?

      4. The price of electricity was fixed for 25 years, excluding dollar inflation, rising world electricity prices and changes in exchange rates;

      Let's see inflation .... the very first link:
      The inflation rate in December 2019 was - 0,09%

      https://www.statbureau.org/ru/united-states/inflation

      Look at the “fixed” price and compare with world prices or prices in Turkey, if you find something terrible there, you can discuss it, and so ....

      5. The agreement does not spell out force majeure circumstances, as well as a ban on the nationalization of nuclear power plants;

      Judging by the information described above, I have great doubts that the author of this "work" in general had a chance to read the agreement. Do you think there is a risk of nationalization of nuclear power plants? Will they operate without specialists and technical support? And if "something goes wrong"? belay The consequences will be noticeable. fellow This is not a bag of potato stibr.

      6. The project company received an interest-free loan for construction, which is unprecedented in the practice of long-term international investment contracts.

      The general designer of the station OJSC is Atomenergoproekt. The Russian company received an interest-free loan .... usually it costs howling loans, they say, do not allow industry to develop. what
      What we have in the end:
      1. Copying a paragraph from Wikipedia and pasting it here is not a difficult task. Have you even read it yourself?
      What exactly do not suit you for this NPP? Can you clearly state your opinion? Or just copy someone else's?
      2. Not everything written on Wikipedia is true, no if desired, anyone can make an amendment there. yes
      3. Observe information hygiene, do not believe everything that is written on the fence. hi
      1. businessv Offline
        businessv (Vadim) 16 February 2020 21: 39
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        Quote: 123
        What we have in the end:

        Sensible analysis!
        1. 123 Offline
          123 (123) 17 February 2020 09: 42
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          Thank you, though it doesn’t attract analysis. I’m glad that you too reason and understand that you can’t trust Wikipedia in everything.
        2. The comment was deleted.
    3. Conn Offline
      Conn (Conn) 18 February 2020 04: 35
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      Putin turned out to be short-sighted ... he also builds nuclear power plants for our money!
  2. gorenina91 Online
    gorenina91 (Irina) 16 February 2020 11: 06
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    - Yes, everything is so ... - But personally, I have already stated all this and much more ... - For this, I have 2 minuses ...
    - I'm glad for the "orange (ororpore) Today, 10:30" ... - they put pluses for it ...
    - And my previously stated comment - here it is:

    gorenina91 (Irina) February 11, 2020 15:10
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    Minsk asks to postpone the start of payments on a loan for the construction of BelAES
    - And why did they cling to Belarus so much ... - Yes, Lukashenko deserves the most severe criticism ...
    - But Turkey’s "native" and "close" to Russia, with even more "dear", "native" and "half-brother" of Russia - R. Erdogan ... - In general, he receives everything from Russia for nothing ... - And everyone is happy, and everyone laughs ...

    In August 2019, Sberbank of Russia and the subsidiary of Rosatom, Akkuyu Nuclear JSC, signed an agreement to provide a bank with a loan for the construction of Akkuyu NPP in the amount of $ 400 million [10]. The loan is provided for seven years. This is the first such experience of cooperation between Rosatom and Sberbank in such large projects. Sberbank became the first creditor of the Akkuyu NPP construction project. Earlier, on the Russian side, the project was carried out at the expense of the federal budget of Russia and funds of Rosatom.

    - For all that:

    - there are no financial obligations from Turkey (with a high probability all expenses will be paid from the Russian budget, with more than half of them being mastered by Turkish contractors);
    - There are no obligations of the Turkish side to build power lines and substations for the issuance of capacities;
    - it is unclear whether there will be demand for electricity from nuclear power plants, since the station is located near the resort area of ​​Antalya, where there are no large industrial enterprises;
    - Turkish citizens are trained free of charge for the operation of nuclear power plants;
    - The price of electricity was fixed for 25 years, excluding dollar inflation, rising world electricity prices and changes in the exchange rate;
    - the agreement does not spell out force majeure circumstances, as well as a ban on the nationalization of nuclear power plants;
    - the project company received an interest-free loan for construction, which is unprecedented in the practice of long-term international investment contracts.

    - Ah, how we all love Turkey and how we are all harsh in relation to Belarus ... - Personally, I am also far from enthusiastic about Belarus today ...
    - But who of the Saytovites doubts that Turkey can simply “throw” Russia from this nuclear power plant and refuse to pay at all ???
    1. Conn Offline
      Conn (Conn) 18 February 2020 04: 42
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      Belarus has already thrown us $ 120 billion, so, lady, leave your love for Bulbash in the nearest garbage dump!
  3. steelmaker Offline
    steelmaker 16 February 2020 11: 19
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    Know everything in comparison - compare yourself with others.

    After reading the article, I also wanted to write about the Turkish NPP. I already suggested that the authorities should decide, with Belarus - do we have allied or market relations? Here is Turkey for Russia - A FRIEND !? This is immediately obvious from Putin. Lukashenko can only DREAM about such relationships!
    The payback period of a Turkish nuclear power plant is 25-30 years. But BelAES can even sell electricity to Russia at a "cheap" price. I am now paying 3 p. 25 kopecks kWh, and I would be glad for another 10 years, so that prices would not rise. And Turkey, who was going to sell at a "cheap price"?
    CONCLUSION: Another wave on Lukashenko.
    1. Conn Offline
      Conn (Conn) 18 February 2020 04: 45
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      Where is such cheap electricity? In the Krasnodar Territory, 1 kWh costs 5 rubles 87 kopecks for private individuals and we will no longer have a "cheap", it’s putinoids in China who sell electricity at 0 rubles 40 kopecks! And prices are rising by leaps and bounds every month, and not for "10 years"! Where did you come from, "steelworker", from Mars or from Venus ??
  4. Sapsan136 Offline
    Sapsan136 (Sapsan136) 16 February 2020 11: 28
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    Considering Minsk’s anti-Russian rhetoric, the best thing the Russian Federation can do is to abandon the completion of the nuclear power plant, even if it stands as a monument to the stupid Russophobic ambitions of Lukashenko and the like beggarly self-stylers.
    1. Conn Offline
      Conn (Conn) 18 February 2020 04: 50
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      True, and as a monument to Putin!
      1. Sapsan136 Offline
        Sapsan136 (Sapsan136) 19 February 2020 10: 44
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        Rather, a monument to Lukashenko’s stupid ambitions, which, having ditched relations with the Russian Federation, will remain with nothing! By the way, the attitude in the Russian Federation towards visitors from the Republic of Belarus, due to Minsk’s anti-Russian policy, may also not change for the better ... which will affect people like you.
  5. BMP-2 Offline
    BMP-2 (Vladimir V.) 16 February 2020 12: 45
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    There are no “turning around projects”. There are short-sighted decisions! :))
  6. RFR Offline
    RFR (RFR) 16 February 2020 22: 20
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    Whoever doubts this, it’s not for you to drive hockey with the “brothers”, and again people will lose losses in the form of any taxes, retirement age, etc.
  7. bzbo Offline
    bzbo (Black doctor) 17 February 2020 05: 58
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    The empire must live off the conquered peoples. But in Russia the opposite is true. Why all the East European trash rushed to NATO. Because the American empire promised that they would live off of conquered Russia and the whole world. You can’t lure them. Eastern European mongrel must earn the right to be in the Russian Empire, tormenting the body of old Europe. Just as once Romanians, Hungarians and Poles served before the Third Reich.
    1. meandr51 Offline
      meandr51 (Andrei) 17 February 2020 22: 56
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      To do this, Russia must change the government there and introduce occupation troops. They themselves will never turn to Russia. I wonder what is the payback of such actions? In my opinion, zero at best. As it was under the USSR. But the USSR won this right by force and great sacrifices. Now you can only bomb all the countries of Eastern Europe with nuclear missiles, creating a scorched earth belt. There is simply no other means.
  8. Potapov Offline
    Potapov (Valery) 17 February 2020 09: 47
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    And not one of the craftsmen who broke everything that can be broken is punished ... Wonderland ... And freaks ...
  9. Elephant Offline
    Elephant 17 February 2020 10: 32
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    For some reason, the short-sightedness of Russian strategists does not surprise me.
  10. Tektor Offline
    Tektor (Tektor) 17 February 2020 10: 59
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    The situation falls into the category of "Super impudence": the customer insisted on a remake, and now insists on penalties for late delivery of the property. I would declare force majeure: the customer went into an alternative reality, and until he returns, you need to insist on payment for already completed objects.
    1. A.Lex Offline
      A.Lex (Secret information) 17 February 2020 20: 53
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      The money of the Russian Federation did not leave. Allocated a loan for construction. Who is building? The Russian company is building.
      Everything is simple - money is transferred from one pocket to another - we learn from amers. At the same time, Belarus should also remain.
      1. meandr51 Offline
        meandr51 (Andrei) 17 February 2020 22: 58
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        And the station will remain in Belarus. Money wasted.
  11. kriten Offline
    kriten (Vladimir) 17 February 2020 12: 30
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    In the USSR they invested in the economies of the republics that became ardent enemies of Russia, and for the sake of this they even almost completely destroyed their economy. The Kremlin stepped on the same rake with this nuclear power plant. Other people's mistakes do not teach anything, we make our own. Today's allies are tomorrow's (and some already yesterday's) traitors.
  12. A.Lex Offline
    A.Lex (Secret information) 17 February 2020 20: 45
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    Mikhail Mikhadiuk directly hinted that, if necessary, fuel from the American company Westinghouse could be used in BelAES reactors.

    And the fact that these fuel assemblies are not suitable for Soviet-Russian reactors does not bother him? The fact that the attempts to stick them into the Yu-U NPP ended in almost an accident (and before that the Czechs had a similar situation) ...
    Although, what am I talking about ... These nationalists do not care. Let it all explode - the main thing is to Muscovites shit on the threshold!
    One would like to say with a laurel expression ...
  13. Without Russia, they can’t pull the nuclear power plant!
  14. Anchonsha Offline
    Anchonsha (Anchonsha) 18 February 2020 09: 44
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    Yes, something is happening in the world not as we expect, that is, Rosatom. They got into trouble with Turkey - that's for sure, because our gas is no longer of interest to the Turks (and they will try to win back on the nuclear project too), and now they are Belarusians with their brothers. And this is being built both in Belarus and in Turkey for our own loans. Well, to use the nuclear fuel of the American company Westinghouse by the future Belarusian station - that’s what the grandmother said in two, because the American segments are not suitable for our nuclear power plants. But we probably already lost with Belarus, she already plays her games in the western field. Only Belarusians do not understand that the United States has not done good to anyone. Yes, they will make gifts at first, but then they will double them when Belarus finally breaks away from Russia.
  15. Marzhecki Offline
    Marzhecki (Sergei) 19 February 2020 09: 23
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    Quote: Anchonsha
    Well, to use the nuclear fuel of the American company Westinghouse by the future Belarusian station - that’s what the grandmother said in two, because the American segments are not suitable for our nuclear power plants.

    They constantly refine them in order to occupy Rosatom’s share in Eastern Europe. The result is a matter of time.
  16. Marzhecki Offline
    Marzhecki (Sergei) 19 February 2020 09: 25
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    Quote: A.Lex
    And the fact that these fuel assemblies are not suitable for Soviet-Russian reactors does not bother him? The fact that attempts to stick them into the Yu-U NPP ended in almost an accident (and before that the Czechs had a similar situation) ..

    There are problems, but they are working on them. Their goal is to replace Rosatom in Eastern Europe. The solution to the problem is a matter of time, and Ukraine is a test site.