Brest peace: how the communists saved Russia

The peace of Brest, signed in 1918 and signifying the exit of Soviet Russia from the First World War, opponents of the Communists call it only an act of national betrayal. According to the document, the RSFSR lost a number of territories, was supposed to demobilize the army and navy, and also pay a large amount of reparations of the German Empire.

But what was behind this difficult decision and are anti-Soviet ideologists right? Let's figure it out.

At the end of 1917, the affairs of the central powers, in fact, like that of the Entente bloc, were not very good. However, the imperialist war was even worse for Russia. Already by November, more than 800 industrial enterprises had stopped their work, dependence on foreign military supplies was growing, and by the end of the year the eastern front had practically ceased to exist.

The further existence of Russia was impossible without the conclusion of peace. In October 17th, the Bolsheviks came to power. On October 26, at a meeting of the Central Committee, a "Decree on Peace" was adopted, which envisaged the end of the war without annexations and indemnities. However, the Entente countries refused to participate in negotiations with Soviet Russia.

The failure of the agreements meant the continuation of hostilities. But the RSFSR could no longer fight the old demoralized army.
According to Lenin, to save the revolution in Russia, a truce had to be signed on any terms. This would give recovery time. economics, armies and victories over the bourgeoisie within the country.

Given the weakening of Germany and Austria-Hungary, it was decided to drag out the negotiation process as much as possible. However, despite the growing strikes within the central powers, their armies remained strong and posed a serious threat to the RSFSR.

On January 11, 1918, at a meeting of the Central Committee, the formula “no war, no peace” received a minimal advantage. On January 28, a written statement was sent to the delegates of the central powers to withdraw from the war and to demobilize the army. In turn, this led to a complete halt in negotiations and the intensification of hostilities. The Russian army under the onslaught of the Germans began inexorably to roll east.

On February 23, 1918, the German government sent a telegram to Petrograd with new, more difficult conditions for concluding peace for the RSFSR.

On March 3, 1918, the Brest Peace Treaty was signed "oppressive" for Russia.

However, history has shown that Lenin made the right decision. Later, in November 1918, a revolution took place in Germany, which allowed denouncing the heavy contract.

At the same time, thanks to the signing of the Brest Peace, Russia was able to get out of the "meat grinder" of the First World War and avoid occupation by other countries. Moreover, it was precisely this “traitorous,” as anti-communist ideologists call it, that the treaty became the starting point for building the future socialist state.

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  1. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
    Bulanov (Vladimir) 17 February 2020 10: 16
    If the liberals who had thrown off the tsar had not issued Order No. 1, then the front would have kept and there would have been no October Revolution, and perhaps Constantinople would have been Russian, and Russia, as Mendeleev said, had 500 million people.

    The main point in Order No. 1 was the third paragraph, according to which, in all political speeches, military units were now subordinated not to officers, but to their elected committees and the Council. The order also stipulated that all weapons be placed at the disposal and under the control of soldiers' committees. The order introduced the equality of rights of the "lower ranks" with other citizens in political, civil and private life, abolished the title of officers.
    1. Sergey Latyshev Offline Sergey Latyshev
      Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 17 February 2020 11: 09
      Yeah, there would be .....
      Kerensky would have been the president for life, Miliukov the prime minister, the Grand Dukes repainted and became advisers like Berezovsky and Chubais ......

      And everyone wants to grab Constantinople .... the capital is not a weak empire ..... and a transshipment center of world trade ...... So that the Tver peasant drove potatoes there to sell, of course ....
      1. Wooh Offline Wooh
        Wooh (Barmaley) 17 February 2020 13: 14
        What are you getting cancer for a stone? It's about time until the February coup. You should be ashamed!
      2. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
        Bulanov (Vladimir) 17 February 2020 13: 28
        You can assume anything, but the Constituent Assembly would decide everything. A kind of Zemsky Cathedral, as before the election of Mikhail Romanov.
  2. steelmaker Online steelmaker
    steelmaker 17 February 2020 14: 04
    Author, BRAVO !!! Thanks for the honest analysis of the story!
  3. Oleg Rambover Offline Oleg Rambover
    Oleg Rambover (Oleg Pitersky) 17 February 2020 14: 58
    If a politician today would suggest something similar, he would be eaten along with slippers.
  4. gorenina91 Online gorenina91
    gorenina91 (Irina) 17 February 2020 16: 50
    - What is everyone so naive ??? - Some reasoning of children of "kindergarten age" ...
    - The genius Lenin with this "Peace of Brest" killed two birds with one stone ...:
    1. The Bolsheviks (as the legitimate government of Russia) took on such a great function ... as ending the war on behalf of an entire RI ... -And after that the whole world recognized the Bolsheviks as the legitimate government of Russia ... -It became clear to everyone that everything. ..- no king; neither Constituent Assembly; no Kerensky .. no one, except the Bolshevik government, is the legitimate government of Russia ...
    2. But the army of the Republic of Ingushetia was not yet completely subordinated to the Bolsheviks ... - And only after this Brest Peace, everyone realized that the army was already practically all under the Bolshevik leadership ... - This was then a split and the Civil War began ... - But this war had already begun between the state headed by the legitimate government of the Bolsheviks and ... and between, in fact ... - the White Guard rioters who had no legitimacy and; again, they were essentially illegal gangs; no matter how hard they try to "refine" them ... - such are the things ...
    - And the genius of Lenin also lies in the fact that the huge decomposed former Russian tsarist army ...; the Bolsheviks were able to reformat and create them a new army of the Red Army in a very short time ... - on a completely different ideological basis ... - This decomposed army did not even manage to turn into thousands of gang armies, such as Old Man Makhno ...
    - And what kind of "shine" would the "promised Constantinople" be to Russia; when the soldiers independently, even without agitation of the Bolsheviks ... - they killed officers and abandoned the front with whole army units ... - And how would a handful of Bolsheviks be able to agitate the gigantic tsarist army ... - then a whole million "Solovyov's propaganda apparatus" would be needed ... - Hahah ... - It was just that the Russian army was already of no use for anything ... - And it was the Bolsheviks who seized this moment and were able to seize the situation ... - True, then there was a very serious conflict with Socialist-Revolutionaries ... but that's a completely different story ...
    1. Bulanov Offline Bulanov
      Bulanov (Vladimir) 18 February 2020 09: 32
      It’s just that the Russian army was already in itself no longer profitable by itself ..

      - This is exactly what happened after Order No. 1. If the liberals of the tsar had not been forced to abdicate, then Russia would have been among the winners in World War I and Mendeleev’s prediction would have come true.
  5. Bakht Online Bakht
    Bakht (Bakhtiyar) 21 February 2020 09: 05
    I am not inclined to idealize our army. I have to express many bitter truths about her. But when the Pharisees, the leaders of Russian revolutionary democracy, trying to justify the collapse of the army, which was mainly caused by their hands, they assure that it was already close to decomposition, they lie.
    Our allies do not dare to forget even for a moment that by mid-January 1917 this army was holding 187 enemy divisions on its front, i.e., 49% of all enemy forces operating on European and Asian fronts. The old Russian army still contained enough forces to continue the war and win.