The stumbling block: why Russia and Estonia are arguing over a patch of the Pskov region


Very curious news come from the Baltic states. As always happens in difficult times of Russian history, the neighbors openly discuss the possibility of redrawing the state border in their favor. Tokyo demands the return of the Kuril Islands, in Kiev they say about the “Ukrainian Kuban”. So in the small but proud Estonia they remembered that, it turns out, Tallinn has the right to apply for a part of the Pskov region.


Henn Põlluaas, Speaker of the Estonian Parliament, stated that the Tartu (Yuryev) treaty of 1920, according to which the Pechora district of the Pskov region was surrendered to Estonia, continues to be valid today:

It does not contain any expiration dates or deviations from them. According to international law, the Tartu Peace Treaty is valid now, in the XNUMXst century.

However, almost immediately, the president of this country, Kersti Kaljulaid, announced that Tallinn did not intend to revise the state border with the Russian Federation. What is the reason for all the fuss, and why does the Estonian politician issue such resonant and contrasting statements?

Estonia has a very small history of "statehood." Until 1917, the Baltic states that included it were part of the Russian Empire. After the Revolution, Soviet power was established there, but in 1918 German troops invaded there. After 13 months of war and the Red Army’s unsuccessful attempt to liberate Estonia, the RSFSR was forced in 1920 to sign a peace treaty in the city of Tartu (Yuryev).

According to him, Estonia gained recognition of independence, the state border, diplomatic and consular relations were established. Tallinn considers this treaty, received with the support of German bayonets, the birth of its statehood. And then everything becomes much more complicated, because it depends on different interpretations of historical events.

In 1940, the Baltic states became part of the USSR. From the point of view of Moscow, this agreement automatically terminated. The problem is that Tallinn considers joining the Soviet Union an “occupation”. They refer to the continued functioning of the Estonian government in exile. The United States, Great Britain and other Western countries did not recognize the legal reunification of the Baltic States with Russia. Something that recalls in recent history.

The key issue today may be that part of the Russian territory in the Pskov region, under an agreement of 1920, became part of Estonia, and after 1940 returned. However, in the West this fait accompli was not recognized legally. Recall that the Baltic states is one of the most likely places of NATO’s clash with Russia. The territorial claims of Estonia may very well be used by the North Atlantic Alliance as a pretext for starting a conflict.

Obviously, President Kersti Kaljulaid is a fairly sane and far-sighted person, as she hastened to declare that Tallinn is not inclined to revise the state border:

We must also respect the international consensus that Europe’s post-war borders will no longer be redrawn.
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However, with all the sanity of this statement, it should be remembered that Estonia, to put it mildly, is not the most sovereign state that is seriously dependent on Western Europe and the United States. Enough in Estonian politics and hotter goals with Russophobic sentiments. This means that at any suitable moment, Tallinn will be able to get this card and put the question on the edge.

Some time ago we brought optionsdue to which the conflict between NATO and Russia may begin in the Baltic states. Perhaps now the territorial issue with Estonia should also be attributed to it.
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  1. Sapsan136 Offline Sapsan136
    Sapsan136 (Sapsan136) 4 February 2020 11: 49
    +6
    In the West, the destruction of Yugoslavia, Libya and other crimes are considered normal ... because it is in their interests ... So Russia should be treated the same way in the West ... Everything that does not meet the interests of Russia is a crime! By the way, since Estonia is so independent, let it pay reparations to Russia as an ally of Hitler Germany ... For the crimes of the SS, which today in Estonia are considered national heroes, you also have to pay, and not a little!
  2. boriz Offline boriz
    boriz (boriz) 4 February 2020 12: 58
    +4
    Someone like the Tartu Treaty, someone like Nishtadtsky or the agreement on entry into the USSR. Nishtadtsky is also unlimited and money is paid on it, equivalent to the cost of 56 tons of silver. Nobody returned the money. The guarantor of this treaty was Great Britain.
    Estonia came out of the USSR in violation of the USSR law of April 3, 1990 No. 1409-I “On the procedure for resolving issues related to the exit of the Union Republic from the USSR,” which is a coup d'etat.
  3. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
    steelmaker 4 February 2020 13: 41
    -5
    Zhirinovsky also said a lot of things. Estonian authorities immediately denied these allegations, unlike Japan. And our authorities with Estonia, too, seem to be fine.

    The attitude towards the Russian and Russian languages ​​in Estonia is improving, and the republic itself can be called a regional dove of the world - this was the conclusion of the American journalist Vijay Maheshvari.

    Therefore, it is not necessary to "raise the wave" out of the blue. When Estonia, like Japan, will raise the issue, then we will RESPOND.
  4. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
    Marzhecki (Sergei) 4 February 2020 15: 53
    +4
    Quote: steel maker
    Therefore, it is not necessary to "raise the wave" out of the blue. When Estonia, like Japan, will raise the issue, then we will RESPOND.

    Then it may be too late.
  5. Gadlei Offline Gadlei
    Gadlei 4 February 2020 17: 09
    +4
    The author, this is Estonia arguing with Russia, and Russia has no one to argue with, this is its territory.
  6. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
    Marzhecki (Sergei) 5 February 2020 06: 44
    +2
    Quote: Gadlei
    The author, this is Estonia arguing with Russia, and Russia has no one to argue with, this is its territory.

    The problem is that this issue can be used to start a conflict between NATO and our country. It's about that.
    1. g1washntwn Offline g1washntwn
      g1washntwn (George Washington) 5 February 2020 07: 28
      +2
      Hinting at the possibility of 1920 déjà vu? That is unlikely. Although such a scenario of a "limited invasion" at the Pentagon is probably already in a separate daddy. The whole problem is that even they have no guarantees of de-escalation of such scenarios. The response of the Russian Federation can be highly asymmetrical, the tactics of small bites are likely to develop into a global conflict, where the use of weapons of mass destruction can no longer be deterred by either side.
      Simply put, poking a bear with a toothpick is fraught with a state of health.
  7. bobba94 Offline bobba94
    bobba94 (Vladimir) 5 February 2020 21: 05
    +1
    The Kuril Islands, Gibraltar, the Falkland Islands, all of these archipelagos in the South China Sea, are part of the Pskov Region, and even figs around the world. And if you remove all these disagreements, it's what a boring life it will be.
  8. Observer2014 Offline Observer2014
    Observer2014 8 February 2020 23: 21
    0
    Well, in a black suit, of course, a judoka. But in blue. Boy or girl? request