Bloody Sunday of 1905: a provocation or a tragic mistake?


Troops on Palace Square


It’s already February 1 on the calendar, and we, recalling the historical dates of the year that opens the year, still haven’t mentioned January 9, 1905 (according to the old style), which was forever included in textbooks and chronicles under the name Bloody Sunday. This, without a doubt, is one of the most tragic and significant events in Russian history, and besides this year it marks exactly 115 years. Nevertheless, in spite of the years that have passed since then, the events that took place on that fateful day in the Russian Empire and became perhaps the first serious step towards its death, not only do not bring final clarity - they do not even have distinct accents. We continue to live with a number of completely contradictory versions, each of which in its own way interprets both January 9 itself and the personalities of people who played key roles in it. Well, let's try to deal with all these intricacies and riddles - thoughtfully, and, if possible, impartially.

Versions, questions, riddles


To begin with, perhaps, it is necessary to recall at least the basic points of view on Bloody Sunday that exist in Russian historiography and journalism, expressed in the expert community. The longest life, for obvious reasons, was given to their vision, which was included in history textbooks and official monographs on this issue during the Soviet Union. It sounds something like this: the campaign of the workers to the Winter Palace was nothing more than the most ordinary provocation, carefully planned in advance by the ominous Security Department with the help of his agent and the humble puppet of “Gapon's priest”. Unarmed and unsuspecting people were meanly pushed under the bullets of soldiers and Cossack sabers. The Emperor and his entourage were well aware of the impending massacre and directly sanctioned it. The victims were numerous and terrible, Nicholas II after that, right up to his death, earned the nickname “Bloody”, and the revolution that broke out later was a manifestation of righteous popular anger against the killers. The other side - mainly representatives of the current "monarchist" circles of our Fatherland, persistent haters of everything connected with the Russian revolutionaries and the like, hold a completely different point of view. They are sure: a provocation really had a place to be. However, it was not the gendarmes that started and implemented it, but the revolutionaries themselves, who needed the blood shed on January 9 as air in order to push Russia into trouble. That is what they subsequently did ... The attempt on the sovereign was actually being prepared, and, therefore, the military, who had used military weapons against the crowd, acted correctly and lawfully. Victims, as for a similar situation, there was an absolute minimum, and they all lie on the conscience of the revolutionary fraternity.

Admittedly, some truth is contained in both versions. But precisely, what proportion ... Everything, as usual in such cases, is much more complicated, multifaceted, more complicated. Supporters of the first look at Bloody Sunday really want to ask what, in their opinion, could have been the goal of the authorities, who organized a massacre, “dropped” their authority in the eyes of the people below all possible limits and plunged the Empire into the abyss of revolutionary events that have reached before street fights? On which, excuse me, why the hell did it surrender to those who stood at the helm of a state waging, to put it mildly, a far from victorious war? "To teach the proletarians a lesson in humility"? Well, not so idiots then surrounded the throne and sat in government! “Scare the king” so that he allows the repression to begin? Well, Nikolai Alexandrovich, that scare, that do not scare - the result was one. He did not learn any lessons from what happened - neither in 1905, nor, as it turned out later, even in 1917. Yes, and, by the way, the “bloody” nickname stuck to the tsar not after January 9, but almost nine years earlier - after the Khodynsky disaster. It doesn’t come out very well. So - it turns out that the followers of the second option are right around? It should be recognized that in their version there are much less obvious inconsistencies that contradict logic. And, nevertheless, they are. The fact that the labor movement led by Georgy Gapon, which became the "engine" of those tragic events, was originally created not only with the knowledge, but also, as they say, with the submission of the authorities - is pure truth. And his connections with the secret police are also not subject to any doubt. The behavior of the Emperor, who left the capital at a critical moment, was not only not the most worthy, but far from the most reasonable. Regarding the attempt on him, the attempt of which was allegedly made the day before, and which was planned to be repeated on January 9, there are quite logical doubts. However, we will return to these points. In the meantime, let's talk about this:

Pocket unions and brisk Social Revolutionaries


Represent all the diversity of public and political life of the Russian Empire at the beginning of the twentieth century, reducing it to a primitive “struggle” - “poor versus rich” or “revolutionaries versus monarchists” would be fundamentally wrong and completely wrong. The fierce confrontation, secret and overt, took place in a variety of spheres, between many social, political, social and other groups and groups. One of the most powerful among these was the estate of the military feudal aristocracy - large landowners, landowners, noble nobles, accustomed to consider themselves, if not the only, then the main pillar of the throne and the Fatherland. The swiftly sweltering Russian manufacturers, industrialists, bankers - in short, representatives of the big bourgeoisie, who at that time already had very specific views on the power in the country, who wanted to have influence and weight in it at least adequate to the size of their own capital, they never "Brothers in the exploiting class." Enmity, misunderstanding, and even open hatred between the "noble elite" and the bourgeoisie, which was already taking shape as a separate class, reigned most severe. It should be understood that the vast majority of prominent officials (especially - in the "power", law enforcement agencies) belonged to just among the representatives of the most selected nobility. It is not surprising that at a certain stage it was they who began the formation of a “controlled and moderate” (according to the original plan), labor movement in Russia. The official sources authorized by the authorities of workers' societies, which were analogous to the current trade unions, were such figures as the Minister of the Interior and the head of the gendarme corps Vyacheslav von Pleve and the head of the Moscow security department Sergey Zubatov.

Those who tried to take control of the proletariat, which had just begun to recognize itself as a formidable force, dreamed of turning its representatives on the path of a peaceful and extremely non-violent struggle for their own rights. There must have been something born, in modern terms, "Christian Democratic." Not without reason, as the leader of the most significant and influential of organizations of this kind - the “Assembly of Russian factory workers of the city of St. Petersburg” - those who publicly and behind the scenes supported his activities from high government offices, the figure of priest George Gapon was very welcomed. With all this, trying in such a way to “blow off steam” of the brewing revolution before the eyes of a “whistle” from innocuous rallies, petitions, maximum “civilized” strikes, figures in uniform and without “slammed” the appearance and rapid development of radical revolutionary movements. The most powerful among them was the party of Social Revolutionaries (SRs), whose representatives saw revolvers and bombs as the best instruments of political struggle. One of those sent to the other world in 1904 the Minister of Internal Affairs of the Empire himself. Petr Svyatopolk-Mirsky, who replaced Pleve, was far more liberal than his predecessor. Using his indecision and unwillingness to pass for “satrap” in the eyes of the “progressive public”, the “irreconcilable” went on the offensive, as they say, on all fronts. In the very near future, Gapon's “Union” turned out to be completely under their control. I am ready to show evidence that no peaceful demonstration was planned by them initially. The fact is that the petition that the “revolutionary priest” personally carried in the hands of the Winter Palace literally at the last moment included (without any discussion with the workers, in contrast to the main text!) Requirements and slogans categorically unacceptable and impossible. Here are, in fact, extensive excerpts from this document. To understand the essence of the moment, they are simply necessary:

Swap Petition and Soldier Bullets

“... Look without anger, carefully at our requests, they are directed not to evil, but to good, both for us and for you, sovereign! It’s not impudence in us that speaks, but consciousness, of the need to get out of an unbearable situation for all ... It requires popular representation, it is necessary that the people themselves help themselves and govern themselves. After all, he only knows his true needs. Do not repel his help, you led immediately, now call on the representatives of the Russian land from all classes, from all classes, representatives and workers ... Let everyone be equal and free to elect, - and for this you should lead the elections to the Constituent Assembly occurred subject to a universal, secret and equal vote. This is our most important request ... "

But one measure still cannot heal our wounds. Others are also needed:

I. Measures against ignorance and lack of rights of the Russian people.

1) Immediate release and return of all victims for political and religious beliefs, for strikes and peasant unrest.
2) Immediate declaration of freedom and inviolability of the person, freedom of speech, press, freedom of assembly, freedom of conscience in the matter of religion.
3) General and compulsory public education in the state account.
4) The responsibility of ministers to the people and guarantees of the rule of law.
5) Equality to the law of all, without exception.
6) Separation of the church from the state.

II. Measures against national poverty.

1) The abolition of indirect taxes and their replacement with direct progressive income tax.
2) Cancellation of redemption payments, cheap credit and transfer of land to the people.
3) The execution of orders of the military and naval departments should be in Russia, and not abroad.
4) The cessation of war by the will of the people.

III. Measures against the oppression of capital over labor.

1) Cancellation of the institute of factory inspectors.
2) The establishment at the plants and factories of permanent commissions of elected workers who, together with the administration, would analyze all the claims of individual workers. The dismissal of a worker cannot take place otherwise than with a resolution of this commission.
3) Freedom of consumer-production and trade unions - immediately.
4) 8-hour work day and normalization of overtime work.
5) The freedom of labor struggle with capital - immediately.
6) Normal working board - immediately.
7) The indispensable participation of representatives of the working classes in drafting a bill on state insurance of workers - immediately ...

In fact, the entire first part of this appeal to the Emperor, and many points from the second and third, if implemented, would mean the dismantling of the autocracy in the country and the transition, at least, to the constitutional monarchy, and most likely to the “democratic republic”. How could the Empire respond to such unheard-of claims? Only bullets ... And she answered them. However, there is every reason to believe that this was precisely what was needed for those who staged a peaceful procession that ended in bloodshed! It was not without reason that the petition itself said: “Command and swear to fulfill them (our requirements are auth.), And you will make Russia both happy and glorious, and you will imprint your name in the hearts of our and our descendants forever. But you will not believe, you will not respond to our prayer - we will die here, in this square, in front of your palace. We have nowhere to go and no reason. We have only two ways: either to freedom and happiness, or to the grave ... May our life be a sacrifice for the suffering Russia. We are not sorry for this sacrifice, we are willing to make it! ” Everything else confirms this hypothesis: the shots of the Socialist-Revolutionary fighters who took on guard the procession, sounded from the crowd even before the soldiers opened fire, broken gun shops and hurriedly erecting (again, BEFORE the shooting started!) Barricades from which the walking themselves shied workers with banners and portraits of the tsar ... According to numerous memoirs of the direct participants in those events who subsequently emerged as "prominent revolutionaries", there were plenty of those alive at the time of October 1917, the workers were led to Zimny, Rasna knowing that the Emperor is not there, but ready to act decisively and relentlessly soldiers and Cossacks - just there. They knew why they were going ...

A revolutionary in a cassock, a mysterious shot and a Japanese trail


George Gapon, whose name has become a household name for many years in the USSR, symbolizing betrayal and meanness, is in fact the most mysterious and inexplicable figure on January 9 (known to the general public). An in-depth acquaintance with his intricate biography suggests that he was more a romantic and a fanatic than a calculating and pragmatic bastard. Gapon’s problems began while studying at the Poltava Theological Seminary (it’s amazing that these institutions prepared fiery revolutionaries for a certain period much more successfully than the servants of God), where he became interested in the ideas of Leo Tolstoy and the similar “new trends” that the Orthodox Church revered for heresy. However, after a successful marriage, Gapon was ordained to the rank and placed in the parish. From that moment, his desire to serve the poorest layers of the Russian people, missionary work, bordering on messianism, was clearly visible. What was more in the young priest with a burning gaze and an undoubted gift of a speaker - the desire to make the world and people better or still ordinary pride? Rather, alas, the second. Passion-eaters (especially after the death of his wife) passions sought a way out - and found. The gendarme agent Gapon really was - proved. They took him on a hook ”not even for freethinking, but on a much more mundane occasion - being caught in connection with a minor, Father George hung in the balance. The thing smelled not only of an eruption from the bosom of the church, but something more serious. However, nothing happened, he was not even cut off, although in those harsh times the dignity was deprived and for far less sins. The intercession of the high gendarme ranks, which Gapon needed as the leader of the "Assembly of Russian factory workers of the city of St. Petersburg," could not be avoided. Did the priest know that people who believed in him almost like a saint go to the slaughter? Judging by his behavior and conversations on the eve of January 9, he was well aware, at least, of the possibility of this.

Literally pulled out from under the bullets by his fellow Socialist-Revolutionaries, Gapon went into exile, receiving help in this from Maxim Gorky. There he made a big splash in the circles of exiled revolutionaries. Engaged in the supply of weapons to Russia for the revolution. Subsequently, he “repented” and returned - without any doubt, not without an invitation and guarantees of the same secret police. There is a version that Gapon was supposed to hand over the militant organization of the Social Revolutionaries - either in revenge for Bloody Sunday, or for the fabulous sum of 25 thousand rubles. Everything ended badly for him - a noose in an abandoned summer house near Peter, into which, like Judas, the Socialist-Revolutionaries themselves, or the former members of his "Union." Another, no less mysterious “white spot” that has a direct bearing on the events we are discussing is an attempt to assassinate Nicholas II, allegedly undertaken on the eve of January 9 and served as the main reason for his departure from the capital. Yes, during the consecration of water in the Neva at Epiphany, one of the guns of the Peter and Paul Fortress suddenly, instead of the salute laid down, flashed a combat charge. Kartechich flashed the banner of the Marine Corps a few steps from the Emperor, were wounded ... By a strange coincidence, the officer in charge of the salute immediately fired a bullet in his forehead. Ashamed? Was afraid Did you help? This we will never know, as well as whether it was our primordial sloppiness or a real attempt to kill the Sovereign. And there is nothing to be surprised that after this he hurriedly left for Tsarskoye Selo - it is difficult to blame this act for someone whose crowned grandfather was blown up by terrorists and whose Socialist Revolutionaries and People’s Democrats were shot, God forgive me, like rabbits. Nevertheless, this incident gives us a reason to go to the last, perhaps, mysterious side of January 9, which was almost completely not worked out by historians, but extremely intriguing. We are talking about the "Japanese trace", which could well be revealed in the assassination attempt on the king, and in all subsequent events.

Do not forget - in the beginning of 1905, fierce fighting in the Far East was still going on. Port Arthur had already fallen, but Mukden and Tsushima were still ahead. Nothing had been decided yet, and Japan was barely carrying the heaviest burden of military spending. Where, if not in Tokyo, were they most interested in the uproar in Russia ?! And as for the assassination attempts ... Well, the repeated attempts to eliminate Stalin made by the samurai are well known, proven and recognized by the Japanese themselves. There is evidence of contacts between Tokyo representatives and Russian revolutionaries, which they tried to use as their own “fifth column”. Or didn’t they try, but used ?! In a number of sources, one can find a statement that weapons that subsequently fired on the streets of Russian cities, before January 9, ahead of time, were bought, delivered and transferred to the right hands by Japanese intelligence. There is no iron evidence, but the whole logic of events is not what it says, but directly shouts about the interest and direct participation of the Land of the Rising Sun in the first Russian revolution. It is quite possible - and in the events that became its beginning.

And the last ... I have to report: Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, who wrote about “4600 killed and wounded” during Bloody Sunday (and did not refute this figure later) in those troubled days, let's exaggerate in the most unscrupulous way. Actually, on January 9, 1905, 96 people were killed and several more than 300 were injured. Subsequently, another 27 people died from wounds. This in no way makes that day that overshadowed our land 115 years ago less bloody or tragic. But the historical truth must be respected.
Photos used: State Museum of the Political History of Russia
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  1. Potapov Offline
    Potapov (Valery) 1 February 2020 10: 06
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    Again at the demshiz Lenin ruined everything. Historians, damn it ... One of the crimes that led to both revolutions.
  2. Yuri Nemov Offline
    Yuri Nemov (Yuri Nemov) 1 February 2020 10: 36
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    This happened more than once in the USSR, for example, Novocherkassk execution of workers in 1962. And nothing, few people recall. How so?
  3. Arkharov Offline
    Arkharov (Grigory Arkharov) 1 February 2020 11: 58
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    I think when the "State Department" appears, lightly, the Japanese limited themselves ...

    Well, the repeated attempts to eliminate Stalin made by the samurai are well known, proven and recognized by the Japanese themselves.

    - this is what they remembered, what events are we talking about? The Japanese in 1905 dreamed of destroying the future shtetl expropriator in Russia, or what?
    1. Regis Offline
      Regis (Sergey Kopan) 1 February 2020 16: 44
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      The first Russian revolution and February were made with the money of the British and French with the participation of the Japanese as intermediaries, but the October revolution was already carried out with German and American money (only the State Department participated indirectly, mainly bankers paid).
  4. Regis Offline
    Regis (Sergey Kopan) 1 February 2020 16: 41
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    It was a provocation. As you know, the first Russian revolution of 1905 was made with the money of the British and French, although partially the Japanese paid money. And the style of provocation is exclusively in the English spirit. And read the evidence (only not the liberal press, they lie), there are plenty of them, thank God, so many years have passed.
    1. Arkharov Offline
      Arkharov (Grigory Arkharov) 1 February 2020 17: 02
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      Regis
      But I just do not read your lying "press". There, every second author himself heard what Father Barlaam spoke with Grishka as an impostor on the Lithuanian border.
      1. Regis Offline
        Regis (Sergey Kopan) 1 March 2020 10: 07
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        Your problems. Do not read ... Everything is according to Freud.
  5. Dart2027 Offline
    Dart2027 1 February 2020 16: 42
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    Perhaps not quite on the topic, but an interesting observation.
    When an article appears about the introduction of new technology into the arsenal of OMON or the Russian Guard, both liberals and communists begin to resent and shout that, they say, power is against the people. If it were an analogue of the modern riot police, then there would have been no shooting.
    1. Arkharov Offline
      Arkharov (Grigory Arkharov) 1 February 2020 16: 48
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      Dart2027
      What kind of nonsense? Why are you doing this?
      1. Dart2027 Offline
        Dart2027 1 February 2020 21: 22
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        Quote: Arkharov
        What kind of nonsense?

        Personal experience.

        Quote: Arkharov
        Why are you doing this?

        Here to this

        Quote: Arkharov
        If it were an analogue of the modern riot police, then there would have been no shooting.
        1. Arkharov Offline
          Arkharov (Grigory Arkharov) 2 February 2020 08: 49
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          Dart2027
          And if Napoleon had tanks, he would not have lost Waterloo, what else would you suggest from the “if” series? There were no formations like riot police then anywhere in the world, or do you want to show how smart you are in hindsight? Or emphasize the extraordinary usefulness and need of the riot police today?
          1. Dart2027 Offline
            Dart2027 2 February 2020 11: 36
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            Quote: Arkharov
            There were no formations like riot police then anywhere in the world.

            What I am well aware of. Then there was no other way to stop the crowd than shooting.

            Quote: Arkharov
            Or emphasize the extraordinary usefulness and need of the riot police today

            Exactly. Do you doubt it?
  6. steelmaker Offline
    steelmaker 1 February 2020 20: 01
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    The fact that the labor movement led by Georgy Gapon, which became the "engine" of those tragic events, was originally created not only with the knowledge, but also, as they say, with the submission of the authorities - is pure truth. And his connections with the secret police are also not subject to any doubt.

    The author started the article correctly, but then for some reason switched to the Svanidze-Mlechin style. The Bolsheviks and Stalin are to blame for everything! And our king is "white and fluffy" - his father!
    I will present LENIN's view of those events - Volume 9, pp. 174-175.

    The beginning of the strike was purely spontaneous. The clashes occurred due to the calculation by the factory administration of four workers. Workers revolted, full of a spirit of solidarity, demanding their return. Having begun the strike because of the protection of certain dismissed comrades, the workers turned to a broad economic demand. They demanded:
    1 hour business day
    2. The minimum fee is -1 rubles for men and 70 kopecks. to women.
    3. Destruction of the obligation to work overtime.
    4 Improving sanitation and medical care, etc.
    The strike began to turn into universal. On January 8, 174 plants, factories and workshops with the number of workers up to 96 thousand people stopped their work. The movement began to take on a political character.

    (The author himself noted who was the "engine" of those events.)
    Political requirements were discussed:

    1. Personal integrity.
    2. Freedom of speech, assembly, and conscience.
    3. Compulsory schooling at the expense of the state.
    4. Participation in the legislation of elected representatives of the people.
    5. Equality of all before the law.
    6. Responsibility of ministries.
    7. Cancellation of redemption payments, cheap credit.
    8. Gradual distribution of state land to the people.
    Foreign newspapers of January 8 report on a demonstration preparing for Sunday January 9 in front of the Winter Palace with a petition to the tsar himself. Workers declare: "FREEDOM or DEATH!"

    And after this information, the author writes about minor victims. The next day, foreign newspapers reported the brutal suppression of the demonstration and the killing of MORE THAN 5 thousand people !!! Please note that Lenin does not call on his supporters and does not advise anything. He only states the facts. Because the Bolsheviks at this time had nothing to do with it! But the author correctly notes to whom it was beneficial, but the conclusion is completely different.
    CONCLUSION: A custom-made article with the aim of rewriting the HISTORY of those events.
    1. Dart2027 Offline
      Dart2027 1 February 2020 21: 26
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      Quote: steel maker
      The next day, foreign newspapers reported the brutal suppression of the demonstration and the killing of MORE THAN 5 thousand people !!!

      How did they find out about this? Telepathically?

      Quote: steel maker
      The Bolsheviks and Stalin are to blame for everything!

      Have you tried to read the article? The organization of the assassination attempts on Stalin is given as an example of the activities of Japanese intelligence, and not at all as an accusation that he was to blame for the KV. And the author does not blame the Bolsheviks either.
    2. Neurocrop Offline
      Neurocrop (Alexander) 2 February 2020 06: 12
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      Dear comrade Stalevar!
      You are, in my opinion, one of the most thoughtful and caring readers of my articles.
      It’s all the worse for me that you, apparently, didn’t fully understand the meaning of this material, showing an exclusively class approach.
      Where, tell me, is there even a word of blasphemy against the Bolsheviks, especially - against Stalin ?! I seem to clearly call those who organized the ill-fated procession. These are the Socialist Revolutionaries, which, incidentally, are precisely the Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Ilyich and, sir ... Subsequently, after October.
      The figures of the victims voiced by "foreign newspapers" were obviously overstated at times. Do you believe them - after what they wrote about the USSR in the 20s and 30s, and what do they write about Russia now ?! Official data, if not cool, were much closer to the truth. This does not mean that shooting 100 people on the street is normal. But there were no "thousands of dead".
      The king was not “white and fluffy”. Nicholas II - in particular. My attitude to this historical character (as well as to I.V. Stalin and many others) I have repeatedly expressed in articles that you can easily find on Reporter.
      The label of "custom article" is rather offended in relation to the written. Believe me, no one ever makes any "orders" to me. Yes, I would not have done such. In this case, I did not try to say anything, to blame or justify anyone - I just expressed some thoughts about the most controversial moments and participants in those events.

      I remain with sincere respect for you, Author
  7. Citizen Mѣshkov (Sergѣi) 1 February 2020 23: 29
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    The events of 1905 are a vile provocation! Let me remind you for those who do not know that 3 days before this an attempt was made on the Emperor of the Emperor. Shrapnel flew a few centimeters from him. One of the officers standing nearby was killed. Thus, the criminal elements preparing the assassination of the emperor avenged a failed attempt. Another well-known fact is who financed Japan during the war. That person was Jacob Schiff. No wonder the Japanese emperor handed him the highest Japanese order, which in itself is an unprecedented event for Japan.
  8. steelmaker Offline
    steelmaker 2 February 2020 09: 34
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    Dear author! I have repeatedly called your articles correct. Because YOU stated historical facts, and left the conclusions to the readers. I have a Soviet education. And I was taught to "separate flies from cutlets." In Soviet textbooks, a separate chapter was devoted to each historical event. And if YOU started writing about January 9, then you need to write, specifically adhering to verified historical facts. And about the strike you did not even mention. Didn’t they know? But about the assassination attempt on the tsar they were dragged, although you yourself admit that the story is muddy, about Stalin, they remembered the Japanese war. Although the defeat in the war was a consequence of the plight and hunger of the people. But that is another topic. Therefore, when YOU gathered everything together and distracted readers from the main point, I made my conclusion.

    To live with dignity, one must speak
    correctly and boldly, like chopping wood.
    To please and humble oneself is not to be friends,
    it is to slaughter yourself.
    They don’t respect those, they don’t take care of them,
    for those helpful there will be a way like a whip.
    Do everything honestly, say it right
    at first it will be hard, but the result is a reward.
    1. shpakov.alex Offline
      shpakov.alex (Alexey Shpakov) 3 February 2020 11: 48
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      Your conclusion from the article is correct, and the author really, voluntarily or involuntarily (it is hard to believe in this) and pushes the article precisely to such a conclusion. Why, if not by order?
  9. gorenina91 Offline
    gorenina91 (Irina) 2 February 2020 17: 20
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    - Personally, I believe that in this bloody event, Tsar Nicholas II himself is absolutely not at work ...
    - N. Romanov - this is an analogue of the former Russian Prime Minister D. Medvedev - the same absolute "ni_t_ozh_es_tv_o" ... - He sat on his throne and didn’t play any role ... - An absolute layman in everything ... - a mechanical doll ...
    - And all this "procession", most likely, was started by the tsarist secret police themselves .., led by zealous and treacherous "servants of the sovereigns" ... - In fact, it was a state conspiracy ...
    - The talented reformer of the “Tsar’s Ministry of Internal Affairs” (or rather, the political investigation in Russia) - S. Zubatov was already removed from his post then ... - And the entire Tsar’s Ministry of Internal Affairs had to be urgently returned back from ... from which new progressive forms had begun to take root. and new professional principles and work skills that S. Zubatov managed to introduce ... - In other words, it was necessary to return to the clumsy bone-breaking work of the tsar’s Ministry of Internal Affairs again; and to do this, to tear and “tie” it with a people's bloodlet ... - which was done ...
    - And “many hares” were immediately killed:
    - 1. The royal nobility, which began to lose its influence on the king, was again in favor;
    - 2. The royal "satraps" and "executioners" received a new respect from the king (where now he could get away from them) ...
    - Moreover ... - both the nobility and the satraps reminded the weak-willed king that he depends entirely on them only ...;
    - 3. The Russian bourgeoisie was forced to bite its tongue and not really try to get into state affairs;
    - 4. The liberal-democratic parties were completely demoralized and were completely at a loss (even the Socialist-Revolutionaries were at a loss);
    - 5. All radical terrorist organizations were forced to return to their primitive and worthless work ... - everything came down and returned to the ordinary "shooting" of tsarist dignitaries ... - But the real social-democratic progressive movement has stalled in Russia for a long time .. - And the Bolsheviks too ...- were forced to move abroad ...
    - Etc. etc...
    - In other words ... - this "Bloody Sunday" stopped time in Russia and for a long time ...
    1. Accidentally Offline
      Accidentally 24 March 2020 09: 59
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      Irina, and here you are wrong about the history of Russia. Googling on the Internet. Proceedings of Colonel of the General Staff of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation Tatyana Vasilyevna Gracheva, a teacher of national security .... Holy Russia against Khazaria and others ...... Second - under Nikolai 2, Russia had a free education, one of the best in the world. Free health care ..., the best legislation on workers .. Example: if, on behalf of the Russian Tsar before the Great War, World War II, 1 engineers were seconded to the United States to raise and establish the heavy industry of the United States. 2000. For some reason, all liberators such as Ulyanov Lenin came from Europe ... 3. When Nicholas 4 took up finances in France and spent them all on modernizing industry - one of the French emissaries reported to Europe - in 2 years Russia will be the most powerful in the world the state ... doesn’t it tell you anything? The whole history of Russia is completely F FA QI FI QI RO VA ON.
  10. cmonman Offline
    cmonman (Garik Mokin) 2 February 2020 19: 30
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    But now, after 115 years, in the era of telephone and Internet, you don’t need to get together for a demonstration (they’ll not allow it anyway), but once a year try to talk to Himself on the Direct Line. The line, however, is not quite straight, with nooks and crannies, not all complaints pass, but it’s worth trying anyway. Well, who else to complain about the leaky trough / roof / wallet / hospital ...
    The idea is the same as 115 years ago - to convey to Himself what He “does not know” about: complaining about the local government and authorities, who live on their own and do nothing for the “subjects”.
    And judging by the hype before-in-time-after the Direct Line, you see, in the country there are more than one hapon, but somewhere in the tens of millions.
    Progress after 115 years ....
    1. shpakov.alex Offline
      shpakov.alex (Alexey Shpakov) 3 February 2020 11: 50
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      Again the king is good, the boyars are bad ...
  11. bear040 Offline
    bear040 3 February 2020 00: 29
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    And what prompted Khrushchev and his bandits to shoot unarmed hungry people in Novocherkassk and Tbilisi ?! Yes, all the same thirst for power at all costs, and all these kings always did not care about the people, with very few exceptions, and even then only partially ...
    1. Aleksey Glotov Offline
      Aleksey Glotov (alexey glotov) 3 February 2020 05: 44
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      Get up, branded with a curse
      The whole world of hungry and slaves!
      Our mind is seething
      And ready to lead a mortal battle.