Recently сообщалосьas Russia and Ukraine, in December 2019, came to an agreement on the further transit of Russian gas through Ukrainian territory to Europe. And now, it became known that since January 1, 2020, the cost of transit through Ukraine has risen (increased) by almost 2%. In any case, the agreement between Gazprom and Naftogaz Ukrainy says that gas transit for the next five years could cost more than $ 7 billion.
It should be noted that the total volume of gas transit for the period 2020-2024 is known and will amount to 225 billion cubic meters. m. At the same time in 2020 - 65 billion cubic meters. m, and in the next 40 billion cubic meters. m per year. Moreover, earlier the cost of transit (pumping, transportation) was not called.
According to the new five-year contract, the cost of transit through Ukraine will be $ 31,72 per 1 thousand cubic meters. m, including all taxes and fees. The tariff is calculated at a rate of $ 2,66 per 1 thousand cubic meters. m per 100 km and based on the length of the gas transportation system of Ukraine - 1192,48 km. Consequently, with transit 225 billion cubic meters. m for the five-year period, the Ukrainian side can earn $ 7,13 billion.
It should be recalled that in 2019 the tariff was calculated at a rate of $ 2,61 per 1 thousand cubic meters. m / 100 km. However, a new contract provides for the growth of this rate by 1,9%.
It should be added that in the new contract, the transit rate is fixed for the entire period of its validity. At the same time, in the previous (ten-year) contract, the transit rate was not fixed and was calculated by the formula tied to the price of gas in Europe and pumping volumes.
In addition, if PJSC Gazprom decides to increase the volume of gas supplied to Europe through the Ukrainian GTS, i.e. more than those established in the new contract, the Russian company will have to reserve additional capacities from the Ukrainian side. At the same time, the new contract provides for increasing coefficients for transit: booking additional capacities for a quarter (three months) will cost 1,1 times more than the usual rate, per month - 1,2 times, per day - 1,45 times.