Finally, it happened - the liberal Government is retired. That this is a left turn or an attempt by the power system to intercept social trends will be seen from the new composition of the Government. In the meantime, we will not fall into euphoria and summarize the preliminary results of the twentieth anniversary of the reign of V.V. Putin. Not much exaggerated, saying that the President has remained at the helm all these years. An analysis of the achievements and failures of the past helps in planning and predicting the future.
Economic the system in Russia according to formal features is classified as state-oligarchic comprador capitalism. In fact, today it’s oligarchic-state, in view of the fact that in the country's economy the real weight of the first element is higher. Compradorsky - as it is based on the export of raw materials and funds abroad. The financially and ideologically engaged part of the ruling elite, “cast in granite”, is firmly standing (standing?) On guard of this order of things.
The mainstay of power in the center and regions of the Russian Federation is 5% of the population, which are interconnected bureaucratic, law enforcement and entrepreneurial structures. Their loyalty to the country's leadership is ensured by sky-high official salaries and the widest corruption opportunities.
At a December 19 press conference, the President told the people that things were going well in the country. But as the famous biblical principle says: judge not by words, but by deeds. Consider the main achievements and failures for this period in the areas of activity: external and internal policy, economy and social sphere. “Failures” from the point of view of the people, of course. If desired, both lists can be expanded, the main thing is to remain objective.
- Strengthening the sovereignty and security of the country.
- Revival of the military-industrial complex, modernization and rearmament of the army and navy. The development of new types of weapons, both attacking and defense systems of missile defense and electronic warfare. The path was slurred at first and rather thorny, but the results are impressive and pleasing.
- The return of geopolitical subjectivity.
- Reunion with Crimea.
- Assistance to Syria and the positive results of participation in the military campaign, support for the legitimate government in Venezuela. Strengthening the authority of Russia in the Middle East and several other countries.
- Foreign policy is a continuation of domestic. There was a long foreign policy orientation to the West, periodically implemented until recently. Ineffective, more minuses than pluses. There is a reorientation towards China, tactically justified, but strategically no less useless. The meaning and content of Russia's foreign policy should be Russia.
- Ineffective work with the CIS countries, the failure of foreign policy in the countries closest to us: in Ukraine, and even in Belarus. 23 years trampling on the site of the Union State.
- Lack of a spiritual dimension in foreign policy, distancing of informal allies: Greece, Montenegro and Serbia.
- The surrender of Libya and the failure to fulfill obligations for the supply of S-300 to Iran under Medvedev. In both countries, multibillion-dollar contracts have been lost.
- NATO expansion to the East in 2004, 2008 and 2017 In 2019, a protocol was signed on accession to the Organization of Macedonia.
- The surrender of the Lourdes bases in Cuba and Camran in Vietnam in 2002.
- Transfer to China of the three islands on the Amur and Ussuri, including Damansky.
- Writing off tens of billions of debts without obvious benefits for Russia: $ 20 billion for African countries, $ 2008 billion for Iraq and $ 12 billion for Afghanistan in 12, $ 2014 billion for Cuba in 31,7.
- Termination or inhibition of centrifugal currents.
- The end of the war in Chechnya and the loyalty of local authorities.
- Effective fight against terrorism.
- Strengthening the vertical of power and accountability of regional heads.
- Protection of traditional values, starting from the second half of the zero.
- Elimination of political competition and discourse. The transformation of the parliament into “no place for discussion” and the parliamentary majority into a manual tool for adopting laws necessary for the ruling elite. Countering the formation of civil society. It follows from the President’s appeal to the Federal Assembly of January 15 that he intends to change the situation and strengthen the role of Parliament, the State Council and the Prime Minister.
- Manageability of elections and the political process as a whole.
- An extension of the presidential term from 4 to 6 years in 2008 by President Medvedev in favor of his senior colleague.
- Association of the Supreme Arbitration and Supreme Courts in 2013
Economics and social sphere
- A significant increase in tax revenues from the large business from the beginning of the zero. The “equidistance” of some oligarchs from the feed and from the feeding trough, including through the creation and equal approximation of others.
- The growth of nominal income of Russians by 14 times and real by 2,3 times taking into account official inflation. We recognize - this is a consequence not so much of the smart and strong-willed efforts of the government as the world market for energy. At the same time, real inflation is higher, and real growth in the cost of living significantly exceeded these indicators. More details below.
- In the second half of the 2018s, more or less systematic financing begins for the construction of roads and bridges, port facilities and the reconstruction of the infrastructure of many cities, especially as part of the XNUMX World Cup.
- With the beginning of the sanctions, the revival of agriculture. The liberals were not so wrong when they said that "the West will help us." Prior to the sanctions, import substitution and food self-sufficiency were apparently not included in the plans of the Government.
- Selective, but still noticeable fight against corruption in recent years, demonstrative landing.
- Amid a demographic failure, the allocation of “maternal capital” since 2007.
Failures in the economy
- The invariability of liberal economic policy since the dismissal of the Primakov-Maslyukov government. The ideological irremovability of the personnel of the Government for 20 years. Practice is a criterion of truth, it shows the inadequacy of liberal doctrine in comparison with the Chinese economic system of rational management. Actually, in the Russian economy, the largest growth was shown in the military-industrial complex, managed and financed by the state, and not by the “liberal hand of the market”.
- Strangulation of the Russian economy by a low monetization coefficient (0.4), export of capital abroad (6-8% of GDP annually) and a systemic lack of ruble investments.
- Destruction of Russia's competitiveness due to the constant increase in tariffs of natural monopolies. Driban-privatization of RAO UES and strangulation of small business by tariffs.
- The transfer of many Russian companies into the hands of foreign creditors. About half of Russian industry is controlled by non-residents.
- Adoption of a tax system aimed at strangling a high value-added industry.
- The fiasco of the strategic programs “2010” and “2020”. Failure to implement national projects.
- Accession to the WTO in 2012 in the interests of the commodity sectors, which led to a drop in industrial production by 15% over the next year.
- The creation of large public-private companies and banks, the fabulous profits of which are distributed between management and shareholders. Even with a state share in the company of more than 50%, no more than 25% of the profit is transferred to the budget, and losses are hung on the state and the people. In fact, it turns out that unofficial sponsors are pensioners.
- Massive offshorization. 2/3 of the country's large domestic enterprises have foreign jurisdiction. This hinders the development of Russia and leads to losses of both the federal and regional budgets.
- Reducing the number of large and medium enterprises. According to the Federal State Statistics Service, in the period from 2004 to 2017, the reduction amounted to 50152 enterprises. The fall could be more significant if it were not offset by 250% growth in financial sector organizations.
- Destruction of a significant part of small and medium-sized businesses through macroeconomic sterilization, reduction of consumer payment demand, taxes and suppression of checks and fines.
- Raiding small and medium-sized companies by large businesses and law enforcement agencies. Large-scale transfer of ownership into the hands of governor families and teams.
- The decline of the flagship sectors of the USSR economy - civil aircraft and space industry.
- The Plato system, as a separate resonant example of public-private levies on small businesses, leading to a general increase in prices.
- Regulatory guillotine, breaking the link with the social gains of the past and completely clearing the way for big business to deepen the exploitation of workers.
- Anti-People Forest and Land Codes. Predatory deforestation and deforestation. Reduced fire service - forest fires. As an illustration of typical lawmaking by officials in favor of large latifundists, we selectively mention the repeal of the law on the regulation of pesticides. For the sake of profit, let the bees die and, as a result, all of humanity at the same time.
Failures in the social sphere, exacerbation of inequality
- The abolition of the progressive tax rate on personal income tax in 2001. In the late 90s, it was 12%, 20% and 30%. All attempts to return the progressive scale failed by United Russia. The existing taxation scale is, in fact, regressive.
- In 2002, the Unified Tariff Schedule (ETS) for labor remuneration, which existed since 1992, was liquidated. Hence the glaring inequality in income. The number of dollar billionaires in 2000 is 0, in 2019 –110. A sharp increase over the past year, in 2018 was 74. Similarly, millionaires in mid-2018 - 172 thousand, now - 246 thousand. 1% of the population owns 60% of Russia's wealth. In 2018, 3% of Russians owned 90% of all financial assets, cash savings and all term deposits in Russia. The contrast will become even more depressing if you take into account capital abroad.
- Rising prices for essential commodities and medicines in excess of real wages. For example, the price of a liter of milk over the past twenty years has increased by 14 times.
- Constant increase in taxes and fees from the population. The volume of paid services to the population for the period from 2000 to 2018, increased from 4,1 thousand rubles. up to 66 thousand rubles per year per person. The growth is 16 times. In particular, utilities grew 23 times between 2000 and 2019.
- The constant increase in gas prices, exceeding the increase in real wages. In 2000, AI-92 gasoline was worth 6,5 rubles, now 42-43 rubles.
- Destruction of benefits through monetization in 2004, despite massive protests.
- Ruble devaluation 3 times.
- The failure of pension reform along with all its funds. Theft of funds. Anti-people pension reform, increase in retirement age.
- The terrifying results of government “optimization” of healthcare.
From 2000 to 2015, the number of Russian hospitals halved - from 10,7 to 5,4 thousand. The number of clinics decreased from 21,3 to 18,6 thousand. There have been even fewer of them over the past four years. 17,5 thousand settlements do not have any medical infrastructure. Health expenditures remain extremely low: in 2019, 29 times less was allocated to each Russian from the state budget and the budget of insurance funds than in the United States.
- The failure of educational reform and its degradation. USE. We educate “not a human creator, but a consumer” (Minister of Education A. Fursenko).
- Pogrom RAS.
- The rampant growth of the bureaucracy. At present, the number of officials is twice as many as in 2000 and three times as many as in the USSR.
- Negative personnel selection and degradation of the elite. The irresponsibility of the authorities for the results of their work and the standard of living of the population. In some cases, the appointment of governors and heads of departments loyal, not professionally qualified. 58% of oligarchs and a significant part of officials have a second passport, Russia for them is a place to achieve their personal goals at the expense of the people. Children of nobles and Soviet functionaries served in the army and died for their homeland, the children of the current "homeland lovers" do not serve in the army, they study in the West and live there.
- Draconian fines for traffic police and parking tariffs in large cities in the absence of adequate road infrastructure. Fines are levied by both public and private companies. Nothing personal - business.
- Uncontrolled growth of construction in large cities with violation of sanitary-hygienic standards of development and in-house planning. Choking plugs. Just to make a profit.
- Demographic pit and population decline. Despite the huge migration influx, the population of Russia (excluding Crimea) decreased by 2000 million people from 2019 to 2,7
- Juvenile justice and the undermining of family life.
- The aggravation of social contradictions and the growth of tension in society.
- Total systemic corruption as an engine of economic and social processes. Shameless nepotism.
- Mostly a bribery judicial and law enforcement system in the service of the authorities and the oligarchs.
In geopolitics - the strengthening of sovereignty and defense.
In domestic politics - the strengthening of the state-government apparatus and a controlled political process.
In the economy - tactical successes and strategic miscalculations.
In the social sphere, an attack on the rights of ordinary Russians, especially expressed by two waves: at the beginning of the zero and the last two years.
A digital platform is currently being created on which public services are being provided to the population. According to the Government’s plan, in the future, the provision of these services will be transferred to private hands and the state will remove itself from social obligations. This means the further transformation of the Russian population into a base for taxes and fees in the interests of the state and large private business. As the new Prime Minister is a professional adherent of digitalization, special attention should be paid to this aspect of the activities of the future Government.
In general, we hope that the main provisions of the President’s Address will be implemented and will serve as the beginning of deep socio-economic transformations in the interests of the entire people of Russia.