Results of the 20 years of Vladimir Putin's reign: achievements and failures of the president


Finally, it happened - the liberal Government is retired. That this is a left turn or an attempt by the power system to intercept social trends will be seen from the new composition of the Government. In the meantime, we will not fall into euphoria and summarize the preliminary results of the twentieth anniversary of the reign of V.V. Putin. Not much exaggerated, saying that the President has remained at the helm all these years. An analysis of the achievements and failures of the past helps in planning and predicting the future.


Economic the system in Russia according to formal features is classified as state-oligarchic comprador capitalism. In fact, today it’s oligarchic-state, in view of the fact that in the country's economy the real weight of the first element is higher. Compradorsky - as it is based on the export of raw materials and funds abroad. The financially and ideologically engaged part of the ruling elite, “cast in granite”, is firmly standing (standing?) On guard of this order of things.

The mainstay of power in the center and regions of the Russian Federation is 5% of the population, which are interconnected bureaucratic, law enforcement and entrepreneurial structures. Their loyalty to the country's leadership is ensured by sky-high official salaries and the widest corruption opportunities.

At a December 19 press conference, the President told the people that things were going well in the country. But as the famous biblical principle says: judge not by words, but by deeds. Consider the main achievements and failures for this period in the areas of activity: external and internal policy, economy and social sphere. “Failures” from the point of view of the people, of course. If desired, both lists can be expanded, the main thing is to remain objective.

Foreign policy


Achievements

  • Strengthening the sovereignty and security of the country.
  • Revival of the military-industrial complex, modernization and rearmament of the army and navy. The development of new types of weapons, both attacking and defense systems of missile defense and electronic warfare. The path was slurred at first and rather thorny, but the results are impressive and pleasing.
  • The return of geopolitical subjectivity.
  • Reunion with Crimea.
  • Assistance to Syria and the positive results of participation in the military campaign, support for the legitimate government in Venezuela. Strengthening the authority of Russia in the Middle East and several other countries.

Failures

  • Foreign policy is a continuation of domestic. There was a long foreign policy orientation to the West, periodically implemented until recently. Ineffective, more minuses than pluses. There is a reorientation towards China, tactically justified, but strategically no less useless. The meaning and content of Russia's foreign policy should be Russia.
  • Ineffective work with the CIS countries, the failure of foreign policy in the countries closest to us: in Ukraine, and even in Belarus. 23 years trampling on the site of the Union State.
  • Lack of a spiritual dimension in foreign policy, distancing of informal allies: Greece, Montenegro and Serbia.
  • The surrender of Libya and the failure to fulfill obligations for the supply of S-300 to Iran under Medvedev. In both countries, multibillion-dollar contracts have been lost.
  • NATO expansion to the East in 2004, 2008 and 2017 In 2019, a protocol was signed on accession to the Organization of Macedonia.
  • The surrender of the Lourdes bases in Cuba and Camran in Vietnam in 2002.
  • Transfer to China of the three islands on the Amur and Ussuri, including Damansky.
  • Writing off tens of billions of debts without obvious benefits for Russia: $ 20 billion for African countries, $ 2008 billion for Iraq and $ 12 billion for Afghanistan in 12, $ 2014 billion for Cuba in 31,7.

Domestic policy


Achievements

  • Termination or inhibition of centrifugal currents.
  • The end of the war in Chechnya and the loyalty of local authorities.
  • Effective fight against terrorism.
  • Strengthening the vertical of power and accountability of regional heads.
  • Protection of traditional values, starting from the second half of the zero.

Failures

  • Elimination of political competition and discourse. The transformation of the parliament into “no place for discussion” and the parliamentary majority into a manual tool for adopting laws necessary for the ruling elite. Countering the formation of civil society. It follows from the President’s appeal to the Federal Assembly of January 15 that he intends to change the situation and strengthen the role of Parliament, the State Council and the Prime Minister.
  • Manageability of elections and the political process as a whole.
  • An extension of the presidential term from 4 to 6 years in 2008 by President Medvedev in favor of his senior colleague.
  • Association of the Supreme Arbitration and Supreme Courts in 2013

Economics and social sphere


Achievements

  • A significant increase in tax revenues from the large business from the beginning of the zero. The “equidistance” of some oligarchs from the feed and from the feeding trough, including through the creation and equal approximation of others.
  • The growth of nominal income of Russians by 14 times and real by 2,3 times taking into account official inflation. We recognize - this is a consequence not so much of the smart and strong-willed efforts of the government as the world market for energy. At the same time, real inflation is higher, and real growth in the cost of living significantly exceeded these indicators. More details below.
  • In the second half of the 2018s, more or less systematic financing begins for the construction of roads and bridges, port facilities and the reconstruction of the infrastructure of many cities, especially as part of the XNUMX World Cup.
  • With the beginning of the sanctions, the revival of agriculture. The liberals were not so wrong when they said that "the West will help us." Prior to the sanctions, import substitution and food self-sufficiency were apparently not included in the plans of the Government.
  • Selective, but still noticeable fight against corruption in recent years, demonstrative landing.
  • Amid a demographic failure, the allocation of “maternal capital” since 2007.

Failures in the economy

  • The invariability of liberal economic policy since the dismissal of the Primakov-Maslyukov government. The ideological irremovability of the personnel of the Government for 20 years. Practice is a criterion of truth, it shows the inadequacy of liberal doctrine in comparison with the Chinese economic system of rational management. Actually, in the Russian economy, the largest growth was shown in the military-industrial complex, managed and financed by the state, and not by the “liberal hand of the market”.
  • Strangulation of the Russian economy by a low monetization coefficient (0.4), export of capital abroad (6-8% of GDP annually) and a systemic lack of ruble investments.
  • Destruction of Russia's competitiveness due to the constant increase in tariffs of natural monopolies. Driban-privatization of RAO UES and strangulation of small business by tariffs.
  • The transfer of many Russian companies into the hands of foreign creditors. About half of Russian industry is controlled by non-residents.
  • Adoption of a tax system aimed at strangling a high value-added industry.
  • The fiasco of the strategic programs “2010” and “2020”. Failure to implement national projects.
  • Accession to the WTO in 2012 in the interests of the commodity sectors, which led to a drop in industrial production by 15% over the next year.
  • The creation of large public-private companies and banks, the fabulous profits of which are distributed between management and shareholders. Even with a state share in the company of more than 50%, no more than 25% of the profit is transferred to the budget, and losses are hung on the state and the people. In fact, it turns out that unofficial sponsors are pensioners.
  • Massive offshorization. 2/3 of the country's large domestic enterprises have foreign jurisdiction. This hinders the development of Russia and leads to losses of both the federal and regional budgets.
  • Reducing the number of large and medium enterprises. According to the Federal State Statistics Service, in the period from 2004 to 2017, the reduction amounted to 50152 enterprises. The fall could be more significant if it were not offset by 250% growth in financial sector organizations.
  • Destruction of a significant part of small and medium-sized businesses through macroeconomic sterilization, reduction of consumer payment demand, taxes and suppression of checks and fines.
  • Raiding small and medium-sized companies by large businesses and law enforcement agencies. Large-scale transfer of ownership into the hands of governor families and teams.
  • The decline of the flagship sectors of the USSR economy - civil aircraft and space industry.
  • The Plato system, as a separate resonant example of public-private levies on small businesses, leading to a general increase in prices.
  • Regulatory guillotine, breaking the link with the social gains of the past and completely clearing the way for big business to deepen the exploitation of workers.
  • Anti-People Forest and Land Codes. Predatory deforestation and deforestation. Reduced fire service - forest fires. As an illustration of typical lawmaking by officials in favor of large latifundists, we selectively mention the repeal of the law on the regulation of pesticides. For the sake of profit, let the bees die and, as a result, all of humanity at the same time.

Failures in the social sphere, exacerbation of inequality

  • The abolition of the progressive tax rate on personal income tax in 2001. In the late 90s, it was 12%, 20% and 30%. All attempts to return the progressive scale failed by United Russia. The existing taxation scale is, in fact, regressive.
  • In 2002, the Unified Tariff Schedule (ETS) for labor remuneration, which existed since 1992, was liquidated. Hence the glaring inequality in income. The number of dollar billionaires in 2000 is 0, in 2019 –110. A sharp increase over the past year, in 2018 was 74. Similarly, millionaires in mid-2018 - 172 thousand, now - 246 thousand. 1% of the population owns 60% of Russia's wealth. In 2018, 3% of Russians owned 90% of all financial assets, cash savings and all term deposits in Russia. The contrast will become even more depressing if you take into account capital abroad.
  • Rising prices for essential commodities and medicines in excess of real wages. For example, the price of a liter of milk over the past twenty years has increased by 14 times.
  • Constant increase in taxes and fees from the population. The volume of paid services to the population for the period from 2000 to 2018, increased from 4,1 thousand rubles. up to 66 thousand rubles per year per person. The growth is 16 times. In particular, utilities grew 23 times between 2000 and 2019.
  • The constant increase in gas prices, exceeding the increase in real wages. In 2000, AI-92 gasoline was worth 6,5 rubles, now 42-43 rubles.
  • Destruction of benefits through monetization in 2004, despite massive protests.
  • Ruble devaluation 3 times.
  • The failure of pension reform along with all its funds. Theft of funds. Anti-people pension reform, increase in retirement age.
  • The terrifying results of government “optimization” of healthcare.
    From 2000 to 2015, the number of Russian hospitals halved - from 10,7 to 5,4 thousand. The number of clinics decreased from 21,3 to 18,6 thousand. There have been even fewer of them over the past four years. 17,5 thousand settlements do not have any medical infrastructure. Health expenditures remain extremely low: in 2019, 29 times less was allocated to each Russian from the state budget and the budget of insurance funds than in the United States.
  • The failure of educational reform and its degradation. USE. We educate “not a human creator, but a consumer” (Minister of Education A. Fursenko).
  • Pogrom RAS.
  • The rampant growth of the bureaucracy. At present, the number of officials is twice as many as in 2000 and three times as many as in the USSR.
  • Negative personnel selection and degradation of the elite. The irresponsibility of the authorities for the results of their work and the standard of living of the population. In some cases, the appointment of governors and heads of departments loyal, not professionally qualified. 58% of oligarchs and a significant part of officials have a second passport, Russia for them is a place to achieve their personal goals at the expense of the people. Children of nobles and Soviet functionaries served in the army and died for their homeland, the children of the current "homeland lovers" do not serve in the army, they study in the West and live there.
  • Draconian fines for traffic police and parking tariffs in large cities in the absence of adequate road infrastructure. Fines are levied by both public and private companies. Nothing personal - business.
  • Uncontrolled growth of construction in large cities with violation of sanitary-hygienic standards of development and in-house planning. Choking plugs. Just to make a profit.
  • Demographic pit and population decline. Despite the huge migration influx, the population of Russia (excluding Crimea) decreased by 2000 million people from 2019 to 2,7
  • Juvenile justice and the undermining of family life.
  • The aggravation of social contradictions and the growth of tension in society.
  • Total systemic corruption as an engine of economic and social processes. Shameless nepotism.
  • Mostly a bribery judicial and law enforcement system in the service of the authorities and the oligarchs.

Summary


In geopolitics - the strengthening of sovereignty and defense.

In domestic politics - the strengthening of the state-government apparatus and a controlled political process.

In the economy - tactical successes and strategic miscalculations.

In the social sphere, an attack on the rights of ordinary Russians, especially expressed by two waves: at the beginning of the zero and the last two years.

About future


A digital platform is currently being created on which public services are being provided to the population. According to the Government’s plan, in the future, the provision of these services will be transferred to private hands and the state will remove itself from social obligations. This means the further transformation of the Russian population into a base for taxes and fees in the interests of the state and large private business. As the new Prime Minister is a professional adherent of digitalization, special attention should be paid to this aspect of the activities of the future Government.

In general, we hope that the main provisions of the President’s Address will be implemented and will serve as the beginning of deep socio-economic transformations in the interests of the entire people of Russia.
Used photos: http://20.kremlin.ru/
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23 comments
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  1. Sergey Latyshev Offline
    Sergey Latyshev (Serge) 20 January 2020 09: 21
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    It can be seen: Good luck - for the bureaucratic-oligarchic state, failure - for the population.
  2. Dimy4 Offline
    Dimy4 (Dmitriy) 20 January 2020 10: 05
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    The country is being destroyed for transfer to private hands, and successfully.
  3. Nick Offline
    Nick (Nikolai) 20 January 2020 10: 48
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    Too much author is disingenuous. And the general conclusion is this:

    1. Russia is not torn to pieces, moreover, we are growing in territory (Crimea).
    2. The relative order in state administration has been brought. Pensions and salaries are paid on time.
    3. The increase in the quality of life in recent years has become an objectively visible achievement.
    4. Significantly, the economy has grown many times, the state budget has grown by an order of magnitude.
    5. The growth of the public sector in the economy over 20 years has almost tripled from 25% in 1999 to 70% in 2019. The liberal government’s plans for a second wave of privatization did not come true, due to the resignation of that very government.
    6. Restoring order in the FTS system. The growth of tax revenues to the budget is evident.

    Of the significant negative factors:

    1. It was not possible to create a cheap and affordable loan for small and medium-sized businesses, which makes it impossible to develop this area.
    2. A significant increase in taxes for the population and enterprises due to the multiple increase in the cadastral value of land, non-residential buildings and premises.
    1. Dear sofa expert. 20 January 2020 14: 23
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      I will add: ensuring a decent law and order on the street, free basic medical care for 100% of the population, and approximately 85% of the population lives in their own housing.
      For many (even highly developed) Western countries, this is still an unattainable dream.
  4. steelmaker Offline
    steelmaker 20 January 2020 18: 05
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    And I decided to reprint my previous comment. Now you can compare.

    1. Minus 8 million people.
    2. It has become half the number of hospitals.
    3. Schools became 40% less, schoolchildren 21% less. Instead of 68100 schools in 2000, it became 41349 in 2018/19.
    4. The ruble depreciated by 129%. From $ 28.1 for $ to $ 64,6 in 2019
    5. Gasoline went up by 483%. From 7,2 rubles per liter AI-92 in 2000, to 42 rubles in 2019 (Rosstat)
    6. The number of $ billionaires has grown by almost 14 times. From eight in 2000 to 110 in 2019
    7. Russia has become one of the leaders in inequality. 10% of the richest Russians own more than 80% of the country's national wealth.
    8. The number of officials has almost doubled. From 485 566 in 1999 to 855 000 in 2019
    9. The number of temples has doubled. From 19000 in 2000 to 38649 in 2019
    10. Russia - the first place in the world in the number of suicides among men. 48,3 per 100 thousand people, according to WHO.
    11. First place in the number of new HIV-infected people in Europe. 71 cases per 100 thousand people, WHO.
    12. For a tenth of the money that Russia received from the sale of raw materials, we could provide everyone with normal housing.
    13. More than half of the country's young people (53% of 18-24 years old, Levada), who have lived all their lives under Putin, want to leave Russia.
    I won’t write about China. If you are interested, you will find it yourself.
    1. Nick Offline
      Nick (Nikolai) 21 January 2020 15: 13
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      Quote: steel maker
      1. Minus 8 million people.

      Hello Yeltsin nineties.

      Quote: steel maker
      2. It has become half the number of hospitals.
      3. Schools became 40% less, schoolchildren 21% less.

      Naturally. There are fewer people, respectively, and schools for their training, too. See paragraph above

      Quote: steel maker
      4. The ruble depreciated by 129%. From $ 28.1 for $ to $ 64,6 in 2019

      And the real standard of living of the population increased by 230%.

      Quote: steel maker
      6. The number of $ billionaires has grown by almost 14 times. From eight in 2000 to 110 in 2019

      You want the rich not, and the people want the poor. Envy is not a good feeling.

      Quote: steel maker
      The number of officials has almost doubled. From 485 566 in 1999 to 855 000 in 2019

      The state is developing, the economy is growing rapidly. If in 1999 Russia's per capita GDP was less than 12 thousand dollars, then in 2019 it amounted to about 29 thousand. An increase of 2,42 times.

      Quote: steel maker
      The number of temples has doubled. From 19000 in 2000 to 38649 in 2019

      So that's a plus. The spirituality of the people is growing and strengthening. True, this achievement can only be indirectly recorded in the President’s asset, since the construction of churches is carried out with donations from citizens, and not at the expense of financing from the state budget.
      1. Arkharov Offline
        Arkharov (Grigory Arkharov) 21 January 2020 17: 27
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        The spirituality of the people is growing and strengthening.

        - I never would have thought that the number of temples somehow affect this? And in general, what do you think is the "spirituality of the people"?

        And the real standard of living of the population increased by 230%.

        - And where did you get this ?!
        And this is generally a masterpiece: on

        The number of officials has almost doubled. From 485 566 in 1999 to 855 000 in 2019

        reply:

        The state is developing, the economy is growing rapidly. If in 1999 Russia's per capita GDP was less than 12 thousand dollars, then in 2019 it amounted to about 29 thousand. An increase of 2,42 times.

        What is the relationship? In the elderberry garden, in Kiev, uncle? So I get it?
        1. Nick Offline
          Nick (Nikolai) 21 January 2020 19: 21
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          Quote: Arkharov
          What is the relationship? In the elderberry garden, in Kiev, uncle? So I get it?

          Simple logic - the economy is growing, the public sector has grown at times, and the number of managers is growing.
          1. Arkharov Offline
            Arkharov (Grigory Arkharov) 21 January 2020 19: 27
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            Nick Compare the number of officials in the USSR and the Russian Federation. And where was the "cooler" economy and the population more? "Rubbing" you are here. From Olgino, or from Lakhta?
            1. Nick Offline
              Nick (Nikolai) 21 January 2020 20: 22
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              Quote: Arkharov
              Nick Compare the number of officials in the USSR and the Russian Federation. And where was the "cooler" economy and the population more? "Rubbing" you are here. From Olgino, or from Lakhta?

              You are a person who does not even want to strain your thinking apparatus a little. Is it possible to compare the USSR and modern Russia? Completely different systems of government. The command and administrative system did not need a large number of managers in the USSR, even the supreme parliament of the country was not a permanent body. And now there are as many as 450 deputies of the State Duma, and each has its own apparatus of assistants. But in the USSR, most of the management did not lie with the state. apparatus, and on party structures.
              1. Arkharov Offline
                Arkharov (Grigory Arkharov) 22 January 2020 08: 58
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                Nick
                You either scribble from a training manual, your mind is really sick. This is when the command and administrative system needed fewer managers? You have black, is it white?

                And now there are as many as 450 deputies of the State Duma, and each has its own apparatus of assistants.

                - and you, too, is an achievement of the current system? !!!
                1. Nick Offline
                  Nick (Nikolai) 22 January 2020 13: 05
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                  Quote: Arkharov
                  You either scribble from a training manual, your mind is really sick. This is when the command and administrative system needed fewer managers? You have black, is it white?

                  You can’t tear yourself away from the training manual. In the USSR, there was virtually no legislative power. Formally, there was the USSR Armed Forces, but only in the form of an apparatus. The deputies worked where and where, and were called to the session only to raise their hands. All decisions were prepared by the Central Committee of the CPSU, party bodies, in short.

                  Quote: Arkharov
                  And now there are as many as 450 deputies of the State Duma, and each has its own apparatus of assistants.

                  - and you, too, is an achievement of the current system? !!!

                  I did not call this an achievement. I simply stated the fact that in a democratic state, the number of people in power structures is always significantly higher than under totalitarian governance.
                  1. Arkharov Offline
                    Arkharov (Grigory Arkharov) 22 January 2020 14: 19
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                    Nick
                    It seems to me that little has changed with the legislature.
      2. ss29 Offline
        ss29 22 January 2020 19: 32
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        A tree is judged by its fruit. The population has declined, factories are closed, pensions have been raised, taxes and requisitions raised.
  5. Roarv Offline
    Roarv (Robert) 21 January 2020 15: 03
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    1. A budget surplus of almost 2 trillion rubles ...
    Why raise the retirement age with such mortality and birth rates. The whole era of government is set out simply where blunders, crimes, cruelty is stated - presented to the people with foreign sweet words - Sequestration, Damper, Digitalization, Modernization, Optimization ....
    Manipulate price increases for 20 years and call it inflation of 6-7%; as a result, gasoline grew by 480%, divide by 20 years, we get annual inflation ...
    The worst thing is that for 20 years there is no mechanism for bringing budget funds to the final taxpayer, there is no two-party system in the Parliament, which means that there will be no competition in the State Duma.
    "Party valves" - "party gaskets" before the challenges of history for the foreseeable future are useless and even harmful.
    Created an ideal Empire bureaucratic oligarchic model, "electing themselves in the Election" ....
    Find, people - a country in which the State Duma is elected because they destroy and create them, and worsen living conditions and doing business ...
    As citizens with dual and triple citizenship, assets and real estate, they can pass laws in the interests of Russia to be elected and appointed to government posts, senators, deputies.
  6. Oleg Rambover Offline
    Oleg Rambover (Oleg Rambover) 21 January 2020 20: 25
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    Finally, it happened - the liberal Government is retired.

    If the economy has a public sector of 70%, then the government cannot be liberal by definition.
    1. ss29 Offline
      ss29 22 January 2020 19: 27
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      If they didn’t take off Golikov, they didn’t put Chaika, Patrushonka wasn’t sent to work in the field, Chubais wasn’t shot ... Then such a government was worthless.
  7. 123 Offline
    123 (123) 21 January 2020 21: 23
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    Very mediocre and base article. In total, a lot has been thrown into a bunch, apparently, because if you start sorting by points, you will have to write 2 more. A lot of controversial assessments and judgments, for example: (foreign policy)

    Ineffective, more minuses than pluses. There is a reorientation towards China, tactically justified, but strategically no less useless. The meaning and content of Russia's foreign policy should be Russia.

    How did the author come to conclusions about its inefficiency - it is not clear what these pluses and minuses are clear to him alone? Reorienting to China is useless? The author believes that China, and not Russia, has also washed away the content of foreign policy? It would be interesting to read the rationale for these words.

    Lack of a spiritual dimension in foreign policy, distancing of informal allies: Greece, Montenegro and Serbia

    The spiritual dimension? Serbia's distance is controversial. When Greece and Montenegro were our allies, it is not clear. Apparently, the author means Orthodoxy. recourse Then why are Moldova and Georgia not listed? request

    The surrender of Libya and the failure to fulfill obligations for the supply of S-300 to Iran under Medvedev.

    Excuse me, why is this presented to Putin? Is it a chapel too? belay

    Elimination of political competition and discourse. Turning the parliament into “no place for discussion” and the parliamentary majority into a manual tool for adopting laws necessary for the ruling elite. Countering the formation of civil society.

    Putin eliminated political rivals? Confronts the formation of civil society? Or should he have grown worthy competitors?

    It follows from the President’s appeal to the Federal Assembly of January 15 that he intends to change the situation and strengthen the role of Parliament, the State Council and the Prime Minister.

    This is bad? By the way, he is only going to, and this is already credited to the "failure of domestic policy."

    An extension of the presidential term from 4 to 6 years in 2008 by President Medvedev in favor of his senior colleague.

    Is that a failure too? In what?

    Association of the Supreme Arbitration and Supreme Courts in 2013

    request Also? What bad did this failure bring?
    Sorry, I did not go further into this nonsense. Ran briefly. Everything else is in the same vein. I have not seen such a clumsy exposition of thoughts for a long time. Just a disgrace.
    1. Arkharov Offline
      Arkharov (Grigory Arkharov) 22 January 2020 09: 03
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      123 Elimination of political competition and discourse. Turning the parliament into “no place for discussion” and the parliamentary majority into a manual tool for adopting laws necessary for the ruling elite. Countering the formation of civil society.

      Putin eliminated political rivals? Confronts the formation of civil society? Or should he have grown worthy competitors?

      Hand did not flinch to put question marks?
      1. 123 Offline
        123 (123) 22 January 2020 10: 11
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        Hand did not flinch to put question marks?

        Thank you for your concern. hi The hand is still firm. yes Again, the keyboard is not a sledgehammer. laughing And do you just take an interest in health or even carry out educational work to eliminate political competitors? smile
  8. ss29 Offline
    ss29 22 January 2020 19: 35
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    In general, I agree with many articles, especially in economic terms. A good litmus between people who leave the house and those who are sitting at the computer celebrated idiots.
  9. Hassan Abdukhalikov (Hassan Abdukhalikov) 23 January 2020 16: 19
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    Putin 2020 - electoral bankrupt.
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      1. walichon Offline
        walichon (Valichon) 4 February 2020 11: 07
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        Hand fighter throw tired ..