This year, Russia made 25 space launches, which is 5 missions more than last year. In total, we launched 73 spacecraft. At the same time, for the first time in many years, during the launches of domestic launch vehicles, not a single accident was recorded.
In June, our astronaut Oleg Kononenko set a world record by staying on the ISS for 737 days. Another achievement belongs to the Progress MS-12 cargo ship, which arrived at the International Space Station in just 3 hours 19 minutes after launch.
It is also worth noting the transition of Roscosmos from the obsolete Soyuz-FG LV with analog control of Ukrainian production to the modernized Soyuz 2.1A with the Russian digital system. Do not forget about the flight to the ISS of our anthropomorphic robot FEDOR and the launch of the Spectr-RG. Observatory, unique in its class.
The current year was no less successful for Russian aviation. Last week, the 4th airliner MS-21 300 made its first flight. A little earlier, our aircraft was presented at the international exhibition in Istanbul.
In addition, in the spring of 2019, the newest Il-112V military transport aircraft first flew into the sky. Later, he underwent a number of improvements that allowed him to reduce its weight by 1 ton. In total, 143 aircraft, including 5 modernized missile carriers, the latest Mi-38T and Mi-28MN helicopters, as well as the Orion low-altitude UAV, were received by the Russian Air Force.
In 2019, more than 119 million people used civil aviation services, which is 10% higher than in 2018. At the same time, the Gagarin airport, built from scratch and opened this year in Saratov, contributed to the increase in passenger traffic.
At the end of December, the second Volkhov diesel-electric submarine was launched. The head submarine of this series was transferred to the Russian Navy in November. The third and fourth submarines have already been laid, and metal cutting began on the fifth ship in October. In total over the past year, our Navy received 19 warships and support vessels. 15 were launched and 17 more watercraft of various classes were laid. 13 new ships will be handed over to civilian customers. In addition, 73 ships are currently under construction, and the USC order portfolio has exceeded 1 trillion rubles.
The transportation plan for the Northern Sea Route was exceeded, the volume of which in 2019 amounted to as much as 30 million tons. Also, a landmark event was the launch of the railway on the Crimean bridge.
As for the manufacturing sector, this year 306 new enterprises were launched in Russia, compared to 236 that were opened last year. According to preliminary data, the indicator of economic growth in 2019 will be 1-1,5%, and the growth of industrial production is about 3%.
The manufacturing sector continues to develop: the production of buses (up to 5 tons) increased 1,7 times, medical equipment - 1,5 times, diesel locomotives - 26%, and freight cars - 17%.
Significantly increased this year and the rate of electricity generation. In particular, the record for production at nuclear power plants was broken, which in turn was facilitated by the modernization of existing plants and the commissioning of new capacities.
More than 120 million tons of grain will be collected by the agricultural sector of Russia in 2019. A record in history will be the harvest of Pancake week crops and beet sugar. In addition, milk and meat production increased this year. As a result, our food exports will exceed $ 24 billion. At the same time, Russia will continue to hold the title of the main supplier of grain on the planet.
Pleased and the housing sector. This year, over 80 million m² of housing will be commissioned in Russia. It is worth noting that a similar increase in the rate of completion of new buildings has not been recorded since 2015.
And finally, the volume of the National Welfare Fund "exceeded" for the mark of 8 trillion rubles. From 2020, his funds will begin to "flow" into the real the economy RF And this means that our country will continue to develop, and next year we will find many more interesting things.