To say that the past year did not work out for the SSJ 100 is to say nothing. The crash at Sheremetyevo, the refusal to operate the aircraft by the Irish airline CityJet, the ups and downs with the Mexicans and the failure of a major deal with Iran - this is not the whole list of problems of the Russian airliner.
As a result, in 2019, instead of the planned twenty Sukhoi Superjet 100, only one was sold. This figure was partially influenced by the postponement of the purchase of aircraft by domestic carriers for the next year, as new VAT benefits will come into force in January 2020.
The situation is aggravated by a rather specific niche in which our aircraft are located. For international lines it is too small, and for regional lines it is too large and expensive. Here, another 100 aircraft compete with the SSJ 2: the Airbus A320 and the Brazilian Embraer. At the same time, about 60 cars of this class are sold per year, half of which are Sukhoi Superjet.
But our plane also has another, much more serious problem. SSJ 100 almost entirely consists of foreign components. At one time when creating the liner, such a solution had undeniable advantages, since it allowed you to quickly get all the necessary certificates for operation around the world.
At that time, no one could have foreseen a quarrel with the collective West and the subsequent sanctions. The latter, in turn, caused a sharp increase in prices for components and an increase in the timing of their deliveries. This was not a serious problem while the planes were new. However, with the aging of the park, all delays began to fly a lot of costs for customers.
Now our engineers have to solve the issue of import substitution and return the SSJ 100 to the world market. At the end of the year, it became known that 15 billion rubles were allocated from the budget for the development of design documentation for the domestic version of Sukhoi Superjet. At the first stage, the share of Russian components should reach 50-60%. However, by 2024, Russia plans to get a brand new aircraft, which will have little in common with the existing one.