"Putin-Erdogan Pact": what to expect Syria in the near future

On the eve of the results of negotiations between the Turkish and Russian presidents, the next redistribution of the territory of northern Syria was completed. Operation Source of Peace may be considered completed, despite the fact that it did not achieve all the originally stated goals. According to the results of this compromise, who can be considered the most winners and losers?




Given that Turkey was the aggressor, which had to be stopped by the collective efforts of the USA, EU and Russia, it is necessary to assess the situation from the point of view of Ankara’s interests in its confrontation with the Kurds.

The Kurdish people are one of the most divided in the world, living on the territory of several countries at once - Iraq, Syria, Iran and Turkey, where their presence is very significant. Never having their own statehood, the Kurds were often harassed and persecuted by Ankara and Damascus. The authorities of these countries rightly fear that territorial integrity may come into question in the event of the emergence of Turkish or Syrian Kurdistan.

The Kurdistan Workers Party is recognized as a terrorist organization in Turkey, as are the armed forces of the Syrian Kurds YPG. The goal of all three Ankara military operations was to squeeze out a potential threat from its borderland and create a buffer zone of security where millions of refugees could be dumped. What did Erdogan achieve based on the “Source of Peace”?

At first, the ambitious plan to capture the Syrian territory with dimensions of 32 by 444 kilometers was not fully implemented, which can be considered a success of Damascus and Moscow. However, the zone of actual control of Turkey has grown significantly. The strategically important cities of Tel Abyad and Ras al Ain will remain near Ankara, as well as a lot of smaller settlements. Despite the fact that President Erdogan assured of his commitment to the principle of territorial integrity of the SAR, de facto everything looks a little different. Official Damascus has no illusions about this. President Bashar al-Assad said rather sharply:

The Turkish president stole her oil and wheat from Syria, and also removed plants from Aleppo, and now Erdogan wants to steal part of Syrian land with its natural wealth.


SecondlyThe Kremlin managed to achieve the appearance of a "wedge" between the territories occupied by Turkey, returning Damascus control over part of the border. After the complete withdrawal of Kurdish formations from the border, it will be patrolled jointly by the Russian and Turkish military, as well as Russian and Syrian, in their control zones. This can be considered a good intermediate success.

Thirdly, the problem of the Kurds is being taken to a new level, which literally everything has been "thrown" already. According to the "Putin-Erdogan Pact," they will have to leave the important cities of Manbij and Kobani. They have no special options, without external support they can not stand against the Turkish army. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov made it clear that the Kurds will have to forget about dreams of sovereignty or wide autonomy:

Any separatist games in Syria were categorically rejected, and I am sure that the implementation of this memorandum will greatly damage these plans.


At the same time, one should not forget that behind all offended Kurds there remain significant southern territories, to which the agreements do not apply. In the same place, in the Syrian south, the US military presence remained, which hold the border with neighboring Iraq.

In general, the Sochi memorandum marked a significant breakthrough in resolving the Syrian crisis, however, the present world is still very far away. Serious internal problems persist that may make themselves felt at any time.
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  1. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
    steelmaker 23 October 2019 14: 22
    +2
    An excellent combination of Putin and the result is good. But what worries me is that Putin never brings anything to the end. The article notes that the southern borders will be under the control of the Kurds, which means that they will be in contact with the United States. There is no information about the opinion and reaction of the Kurds to these agreements. Conclusion - the fire was extinguished, and the coals remained smoldering.
  2. gorenina91 Offline gorenina91
    gorenina91 (Irina) 23 October 2019 15: 18
    +1
    The Kremlin managed to achieve the appearance of a "wedge" between the territories occupied by Turkey, returning Damascus control over part of the border. After the complete withdrawal of Kurdish formations from the border, it will be patrolled jointly by the Russian and Turkish military, as well as Russian and Syrian, in their control zones. This can be considered a good intermediate success.

    In general, the Sochi memorandum marked a significant breakthrough in resolving the Syrian crisis.

    At the same time, one should not forget that behind all offended Kurds there remain significant southern territories, to which the agreements do not apply. In the same place, in the Syrian south, the US military presence remained, which hold the border with neighboring Iraq.

    - There is reason to rejoice only in Turkey ...
    - But for Russia, why rejoice and Syria why rejoice ?????????
    - The territory of Syria has not been liberated ... -And if our guarantor and some other influential political statesmen cannot (or do not want) give this a real objective assessment, then Bashar Assad did it for them ... Bashar Assad stated rather sharply and objectively:

    The Turkish president stole her oil and wheat from Syria, and also removed plants from Aleppo, and now Erdogan wants to steal part of Syrian land with its natural wealth.

    That's the whole "success-result" ... Yes, and it is just that the language does not turn to talk about the "successes" of the state, which seemingly defeated the enemy in a long war; but its territory continues to be occupied by an ardent supporter and accomplice of this enemy, and besides, this "victorious state" is not able to control its own borders ... What is that ??? What kind of victory is this ?? - "You can't be pardoned" .. or what ???

    After the complete withdrawal of Kurdish formations from the border, it will be patrolled jointly by the Russian and Turkish military.

    - Yes, and what kind of joint Russian-Turkish patrolling can we talk about ... if a shootout can break out between the participants themselves ... -Rather, Turkey can always cover our servicemen with its fire ... and then, as always, all this will "cover up "the Russian side ... as an" accident "... - Personally, I am absolutely sure that this will be the case ...
    - Again, I repeat:
    - There is reason to rejoice only in Turkey ... The territory of Syria remains behind Turkey; and even with the wrong hands they greatly pressed her eternal enemies. And Erdogan won just brilliantly ... he won double ...
    But even this "idyll" will not last long ... - Ahead is a very serious confrontation between Russia and Turkey ...
  3. Arkharov Offline Arkharov
    Arkharov (Grigory Arkharov) 23 October 2019 17: 38
    -1
    All in all, nothing really good. Two other states are trying to decide her fate. One of them can still be understood somehow.
  4. Marzhecki Offline Marzhecki
    Marzhecki (Sergei) 24 October 2019 08: 20
    -1
    Quote: Arkharov
    "Putin-Erdogan Pact": what to expect Syria in the near future

    Russia has an agreement with Syria, if that.