BelAES: what will Russia gain and lose when the power station starts soon

Next year, the first power unit of BelAES will be commissioned, and in 2021 - the second. Their total capacity will be 2400 MW. As a result, starting in 2020, Belarus will begin to drastically reduce the consumption of Russian natural gas. Given the difficult relationship between Moscow and Minsk, it turns out that the Old Man at our expense has achieved a decrease in energy dependence on the Kremlin. How did this become possible?




The irony is that BelaPPs began to build on Russian loans instead of the planned Baltic NPP, which was supposed to transform the territorially isolated Kaliningrad region from an importer to an exporter of electricity. But the choice was made in favor of the Belarusian partners.

It was believed that Minsk would be able to quickly recoup investments by selling electricity to Eastern European countries. But the design of the nuclear power plant, built 50 kilometers from Vilnius, was received with hostility in Lithuania. And after the events of 2014, other countries began to abandon the “wrong” Russian-Belarusian electrons, even if they will be much cheaper than European ones. In addition, work is underway to exit the Baltic states from the BRELL energy ring, uniting it with Belarus and Russia.

The prospects for a joint energy project, which is at a high stage of readiness, have become very vague. What shines it on both sides?

Byelorussia


Today, the main source of generation in the Republic of Belarus is Russian gas, which is consumed annually at a level of 20 billion cubic meters. In 1-2 years, Minsk will begin to receive almost half of the electricity from its own nuclear power plant, which will sharply reduce its dependence on Gazprom’s supplies. Needless to say, the “Old Man”, of course, will be able to deftly use this as an argument in negotiations with Moscow?

Belarus will have to look for buyers for the resulting excess capacity. It was reported that Latvia seems to be ready again to take inexpensive electricity, the prices of which are regularly rising in Eastern Europe. In addition, neighboring Ukraine may appear as a sales market. The nuclear power industry of this country is gradually developing its own resource, which is unrealistic to renew on its own. Already, problems have arisen at the Khmelnitsky nuclear power plant. Kiev will have to look for a replacement for the lost capacities, and in Belarus this is easier to do than in Russia for political reasons.

It is difficult not to pay attention to the obvious rapprochement of Ukraine and Belarus. Both countries, together with Poland, can be involved in the project of connecting the Baltic and Black Seas with a single water channel. President Lukashenko recently suggested Kiev jointly develop missiles. Now and energy cooperation.

Russia


From the positive that gives our country the construction of BelAES, one can point out the maintenance of science-intensive production. Industry expert Sergei Kondratiev explains:

Foreign orders for nuclear power plants allow us to support a fairly large and knowledge-intensive industry in Russia. This is a high-tech export, and the creation of a stable cash flow for many years.


Also, a reduction in gas consumption by Belarus, which is now buying it at a discount, will allow it to sell the released volumes in Europe at a market price.

But from the point of view of Russia's national interests, reducing the energy dependence of Minsk from Moscow and its rapprochement with Kiev can be considered a negative consequence of the BelAES project.
Photos used: https://www.mbs.news
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  1. 123 Offline
    123 (123) 10 October 2019 12: 02
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    ... it turns out that the "Old Man" at our expense has achieved a reduction in energy dependence on the Kremlin.

    And on the basis of what does the author believe that Russia seeks to make Belarus dependent?

    The prospects for a joint energy project, which is at a high stage of readiness, have become very vague.

    What does it mean foggy? They will finish building and will generate electricity.

    What shines it on both sides?

    As for Russia, everything is in order, they built the station, this is a high-tech export, everything ... now only receive payments on credit. Such loans are better than just keeping an excess of money in your accounts or buying American debt. The released gas will be sold to other customers at a better price.
    As for Belarus, I don’t know, apparently Lukashenko was counting on export to Eastern Europe? Well, good luck with this noble cause. lol He is a "brilliant" manager and correctly calculated the prospects ..... probably. sad It is naive to expect that the Baltic States, and indeed the European Union as a whole, will buy this. And yet Gretta Tunberg has not yet come to them. lol Capacities are redundant, and export prospects are dubious. Apparently, for this reason they refused to build a nuclear power plant in the Kaliningrad region.

    But from the point of view of Russia's national interests, the reduction of Minsk’s energy dependence on Moscow and its rapprochement with Kiev can be considered a negative consequence of the BelAES project.

    Seriously? laughing So that’s why “Father’s” said yesterday that in the wars “they didn’t fight for themselves”. no Is it all about electricity? sad
  2. Marzhecki Offline
    Marzhecki (Sergei) 10 October 2019 12: 04
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    Quote: 123
    ... it turns out that the "Old Man" at our expense has achieved a reduction in energy dependence on the Kremlin.

    And on the basis of what does the author believe that Russia seeks to make Belarus dependent?

    On the basis of urging Belarus to integrate into the SG.
    1. commbatant Offline
      commbatant (Sergei) 15 November 2019 21: 25
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      Quote: Marzhetsky
      On the basis of urging Belarus to integrate into the SG.

      And the Russian Federation and of the free will of the Republic of Belarus, it is SG, like a fifth wheel cart ....
  3. Victor N Offline
    Victor N (Victor n) 10 October 2019 12: 05
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    But will TVELs do it themselves? Waste in the swamps to drown?
  4. Marzhecki Offline
    Marzhecki (Sergei) 10 October 2019 12: 12
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    Quote: Victor N
    But will TVELs do it themselves? waste in the swamps to heat?

    Rosatom will help.
    1. Digital error Offline
      Digital error (Eugene) 10 October 2019 18: 56
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      Well, this is a TVEL addiction - and again from the Kremlin, to replace the gas one.
      1. Elena Kotelnikova (Elena Kotelnikova) 12 October 2019 13: 59
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        And it’s wonderful. There is not only dependence on nuclear fuel, but also service by our specialists, for example. So, for Russia, the construction of nuclear power plants in other countries is providing themselves with contracts for 10 years.
        1. Digital error Offline
          Digital error (Eugene) 12 October 2019 16: 08
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          Quote: Elena Kotelnikova
          And it’s wonderful.

          So I do not argue. At the same time, Belarus, as it was dependent, will remain so - there was a comment about it.
  5. kriten Offline
    kriten (Vladimir) 10 October 2019 14: 25
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    A parasite can also stop paying construction loans ... Judas from the last ...
  6. gorenina91 Online
    gorenina91 (Irina) 10 October 2019 16: 03
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    - Be that as it may, but Belarus remains not empty-handed .., but with great energy leverage in its own hands ... - And Russia looks very noble here ... - This is not China, which has circled Belarus around a finger, like a visiting card cheater ...
    - Here a giant joint Russian-Belarusian construction project would be useful - at least a spaceport (I already wrote about this); at least a scientific industrial center; at least a huge joint military test site ... - but at least something .. "joint:" .., where a large amount of excess Belarusian electricity is required ... and joint efforts to build this "complex" ... - Just to tie it as it should Belarus to Russia and vice versa ... -even if even for Russia it will be costly ... - There is nothing to be done ...
    - And without this, Lukashenko will just soon begin to demolish the tower ... - this is what goes on ...
    - And why does Russia need a "second Dill" ... - and both are right next door ...
    - And if Belarus “leaves”, then .. - Russia will have only one two-faced and fake “Bakhtiyars” through it ... Alas ...
    1. 123 Offline
      123 (123) 13 October 2019 22: 31
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      - Here a giant joint Russian-Belarusian construction project would be useful - at least a spaceport (I already wrote about this); at least a scientific industrial center; at least a huge joint military test site ... - but at least something .. "joint:" ..

      Cosmodrome near Minsk? And rockets run over Moscow. laughing And then to place a huge military testing ground in Belovezhskaya Pushcha? Look at the map first.

      If only Belarus should be tied to Russia and vice versa ... - even if it would be costly for Russia.

      No need to tie anyone. We do not have a zoo. Like - there is a union state, no - live yourself.
    2. 123 Offline
      123 (123) 15 October 2019 15: 36
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      - And if Belarus “leaves”, then .. - Russia will have only one two-faced and fake “Bakhtiyars” through it ... Alas ...

      It is so good that we have an honest and sincere Father. good The most reliable ally.fellow Only there are nuances ...

      Russian Anna Bogacheva, who came under US sanctions in the case of "interference" in the election, was detained in Minsk

      belay Here is such a "hope and support."sad

      And about the "Bakhtiyar" - I would recommend the "white lady" hold the tongue.no
  7. Marzhecki Offline
    Marzhecki (Sergei) 11 October 2019 09: 18
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    Quote: DigitalError
    Well, this is a TVEL addiction - and again from the Kremlin, to replace the gas one.

    There is an American company, Westinghouse, working to reduce dependence on Russian fuel in neighboring Ukraine.
    1. commbatant Offline
      commbatant (Sergei) 15 November 2019 21: 22
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      Quote: Marzhetsky
      There is a American company, Westinghouse, works towards reducing dependence on Russian fuel in neighboring Ukraine.

      Successful almshouse.

      One of the world leaders in the field of nuclear energy - the US-Japanese company Westinghouse Electric - has declared bankruptcy. Previously, the concern tried to play on the Russian-Ukrainian contradictions in order to arrange the supply of its fuel to Ukrainian nuclear power plants, despite the threat of a nuclear catastrophe. According to experts, the loss of technical competence led to the bankruptcy of the company - The United States for decades abandoned the construction of nuclear power plants. At the same time, nuclear scientists supply reactors not only for the energy sector, but also for aircraft carriers and submarines of the US Navy, and the White House is extremely concerned about the fate of Westinghouse.

      https://russian.rt.com/world/article/407273-rosatom-konkurent-ssha-bankrot
  8. Marzhecki Offline
    Marzhecki (Sergei) 11 October 2019 11: 19
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    Quote: Victor N
    But will TVELs do it themselves? Waste in the swamps to drown?

    Westinghouse is experimenting with replacing the rose. fuel on its own in Ukraine. Waste can also be stored there.
    1. commbatant Offline
      commbatant (Sergei) 15 November 2019 21: 18
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      Quote: Marzhetsky
      Westinghouse is experimenting with replacing the rose. fuel on its own in Ukraine. Waste can also be stored there.

      Not at all. Ukraine from all nuclear power plants, only at Zaporizhzhya nuclear power plants have nuclear waste storage facilities, from all the rest they are exported to the Russian Federation ....
  9. trahterist Offline
    trahterist (Elmars) 14 October 2019 17: 37
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    Quote: Marzhetsky
    Quote: DigitalError
    Well, this is a TVEL addiction - and again from the Kremlin, to replace the gas one.

    There is an American company, Westinghouse, working to reduce dependence on Russian fuel in neighboring Ukraine.

    Very and very sad consequences for "such an American company" from a similar reduction in the country's 404 dependence.
    It can be said that this office flew out of the nuclear industry with a bang, if not forever, then for a very long time.
    This very desire was facilitated by the desire to push the hedgehog into the snake (failed attempts to replace the Soviet-Russian TVELs with their work).
    From basic design differences to elementary logistics.
    But if the goal is to make the second Chernobyl, then yes, they are moving in the right direction.
  10. commbatant Offline
    commbatant (Sergei) 15 November 2019 21: 14
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    ... a reduction in gas consumption by Belarus, which is now buying it at a discount, will allow it to sell the released volumes in Europe at a market price.

    But, apparently, discounts will no longer be provided by GAZPROM for Belarus .... or does the author consider GAZPROM to be?
    In addition, if the whole of the Baltic States and Poland switch to US LNG, and Belarus replaces Russian gas with its electricity, then the transit of Russian gas through Belarus can be significantly reduced by increasing the value of Russian bypass pipelines laid along the bottom of the Baltic and Black Seas ....

    BelAES began to build for Russian loans instead of the planned Baltic NPP, which was supposed to transform the territorially isolated Kaliningrad region from an importer to an exporter of electricity

    Correctly done ...
    From a security point of view, it is easier to have gas-fired CHPPs in the Kaliningrad Special Defense District, and therefore a gas pipeline was laid from the “mainland” part of the Russian Federation to the Kaliningrad Region ...
    And there are not too many buyers of electricity in Eastern Europe, otherwise the EU would not have forced Lithuania to close its Ignalina NPP in due time ....
    A little history of the Ignalina NPP (Lithuanian SSR):

    Initially, the construction of the station was supposed to be on the Belarusian shore of Lake Drysvyaty. However, due to unsuitable soils, the construction site was chosen on the Lithuanian coast in the Ignalina region, a few kilometers from the border with the Byelorussian SSR. Preparatory work for the construction of the Ignalina NPP began in 1974, and already in 1975 the first stone was laid on the site of the future satellite city of Snechkus (after the restoration of independence, the city was renamed Visaginas)

    So, RB simply returns the history of the construction of the nuclear power plant at home ....