Right now, a whole branch of civilian shipbuilding is being revived in our country. For the first time in 40 years, Russia has seriously set out to renew its fleet.
Domestic enterprises are loaded to capacity, and the largest shipyard Zvezda in Russia is being built in the Far East. By the way, the last one is already in full swing. On the eve of it, the third Aframax type LNG tanker was laid there. In total, it is planned to build 12 such giants in Russia. And this, apart from tankers of a different type.
At the same time, Korean and Japanese shipbuilding companies are already looking at us with envy. And in Finland they lament that Western sanctions have deprived Finnish shipyards of Russian orders.
However, the impetus for the development of the industry was not only sanctions, but also measures developed to support shipbuilding at the state level. In particular, the distribution of quotas for fishing has changed. Now fishermen are obliged to purchase vessels built exclusively on the territory of Russia.
As a result, at the moment, agreements have already been concluded for the construction of 43 ships and 25 processing plants. The total amount of contracts is about 180 billion rubles. In addition, the state provides benefits for loans, leasing and recycling fees. Thanks to this, support was given to the program for the construction of 200 civilian vessels, and the same amount can be created if it is extended.
It is worth noting that, like any major project, updating the Russian fleet ran into some problems. One of them is the lack of qualified personnel. This is especially true of the new shipyard "Star" in the Far East. That is why 7 residential districts are being built there, and by the end of the year it is planned to issue preferential mortgages to young families at 2% per annum.
Another major obstacle was the lack of of technologies. Our country has not previously built some vessels, and the imposed sanctions limit the possibility of purchasing foreign components. However, there was a solution to this problem.
Now Russia is creating incentives for foreign companies to open joint production in our territory and transfer their technologies. At the moment, representative offices in the Russian Federation have already opened: Hyundai Heavy Industries, General Electric, etc. But we also have something to show. Russia has become the first country in the world that has managed to master the production of hollow fastening steering column screws using direct laser growing.
In general, all the above actions will allow our country to completely renew the civilian fleet within 5-6 years.