The Arctic Connect project, of which the Russian Federation is a direct participant, will start in the coming year. It provides for the laying of fiber optic cable from Finland to Japan via the Northern Sea Route. The length of the highway will be about 10 thousand km with the possibility of its extension in the future to China and the western coast of the United States. The new fiber-optic communication channel will become more reliable than the one laid along the bottom of the Indian Ocean. The latter is often damaged by ships. Especially often this happens in narrow passages such as the Suez Canal and the Strait of Malacca.
It is worth noting that for the Russian Federation this project has a number of specific benefits. Since most of the new highway will be laid along the bottom of the Russian northern seas, domestic contractors will be involved in the installation and maintenance work. Moreover, cable-laying vessels will need our coastal infrastructure and icebreaking assistance. At the same time, the ships themselves still need to be built, which, in fact, can be done by Russian shipyards.
But that is not all. The emergence of a stable high-speed connection in the north of the country may be an incentive for the creation of data centers there. One of them has already been planned in the Murmansk region on the basis of the Kola NPP. The advantage of this location is the harsh climate, which eliminates the need for additional equipment cooling, and the proximity of the nuclear power plant will provide access to cheap electricity.
And finally, Russia has its own project involving the laying of fiber optic cable along the bottom of the Northern Sea Route for the purposes of the Ministry of Defense. The latter, in the first place, is designed to improve interaction between the troops and ensure the fastest possible response to external threats.
The project was planned to be completed by 2025, but due to the sanctions imposed by the West, difficulties arose with the construction of cable-laying ships. Now, participation in Arctic Connect will certainly allow our country to receive the missing Technology and competencies.