Russia will share the wealth of the Arctic and the Far East with India and Japan

Russia is a country of gigantic territories and vast natural wealth. Out of habit, we are afraid of Chinese expansion into the Far East, seeing in Beijing not only a partner, but also a potential threat. Around the Arctic, with its oil and gas fields and the Northern Sea Route, roundabouts of the USA, EU countries and all the same China are actively led. But Moscow made an interesting move, and the dreams of the Arctic, apparently, will come true for others. Rosneft unexpectedly invited India and Japan to its Far Eastern and Arctic projects.




Far Eastern LNG


On the eve of the Russian capital, a Memorandum was signed on the establishment of a joint Coordination Committee, which will regulate the relationship between Rosneft and Tokyo on the implementation of oil and gas projects. Recall that the Japanese SODECO and the Indian ONGC have long been successfully developing, in the framework of the international consortium Sakhalin-1, the island’s deposits.

According to the new agreement, in the Russian village of De-Kastri of the Khabarovsk Territory, an LNG plant with a capacity of 6,2 million tons will be built. Thanks to the short transport shoulder, domestic liquefied natural gas will gain an advantage over competitors from the United States and Qatar in the rapidly growing Asia-Pacific market. In particular, from the future plant to Japan itself, the distance is less than 700 kilometers. But this is only part of a much more ambitious Russian project.

East Oil


The northern project of Rosneft is much more promising.

At first, nearly half of our Arctic sector, with a total area of ​​4,1 million square kilometers, is considered potentially oil and gas. Already proven reserves of oil equivalent are estimated at 511 billion tons.

Secondly, The Northern Sea Route is the shortest waterway connecting Asia and Europe. It is increasingly clearing itself from the ice naturally, but domestic shipbuilders are developing heavy-duty icebreakers, potentially capable of providing wiring even in the winter.

Rosneft has invested heavily in the creation of the super-modern shipyard Zvezda in Primorye, where specialized ice-class vessels will be built. The new fleet will provide reliable transit along the Northern Sea Route. But ships alone are not enough for this, large-scale investments in the Arctic infrastructure are needed. We need drilling rigs, pipelines, ports, terminals, tanks, roads, airfields. It should be understood that initially the main burden on the NSR will be hydrocarbon feedstocks.

As part of the Vostok-Oil project, Rosneft intends to build 5500 kilometers of pipelines that will connect the largest fields, offshore terminals with a capacity of 100 million tons per year, airports and other infrastructure in the most difficult climatic conditions of the Far North. Leonid Krutakov, Assistant Professor at the Presidential Financial University, explains:

Vostok Oil is an industrial project that will have a tremendous effect. These are roads, airports, this is the Northern Sea Route. Without 80 million tons of traffic, it will not come to life. This project gives one hundred million tons of traffic only to hydrocarbons.


Investments are required appropriate: they are estimated in the range from 5 to 8,5 trillion rubles. It is not surprising that Rosneft applied for financial assistance not only to the state, but also to foreign investors. It is noteworthy in whose favor the choice was made. Indian Oil Minister Pradhan said:

Rosneft ”offered us a new project, and we are interested. I am sure that in the near future, Indian companies will be able to expand their participation in new projects entering the Arctic region of Russia.


New Delhi is also invited to participate in the creation of an oil cluster in the Russian Far East. Apparently, Moscow is starting to conduct a more multi-vector policies in the Asian direction, not relying on friendship with only one China. And it is right.
Used photos: http://pro-arctic.ru/
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  1. Nick Offline
    Nick (Nikolai) 6 September 2019 15: 23
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    Collaboration is good! Investment, technology and all that, BUT! A controlling stake should be on the Russian side! Definitely!
  2. gorenina91 Offline
    gorenina91 (Irina) 6 September 2019 18: 22
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    - Of course ... - there is simply no sense from India ... - And all Indian investments do little ... But it’s good that it’s not China ... - Although it pleases ...
    - At least with whom Russia will establish relations - even with aliens .., but not with the Chinese ...
  3. gorenina91 Offline
    gorenina91 (Irina) 7 September 2019 04: 10
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    But domestic shipbuilders are developing heavy-duty icebreakers, potentially capable of providing wiring even in the winter.

    Rosneft has invested heavily in the creation of the super-modern shipyard Zvezda in Primorye, where specialized ice-class vessels will be built. The new fleet will provide reliable transit along the Northern Sea Route. But ships alone are not enough for this, large-scale investments in the Arctic infrastructure are needed. We need drilling rigs, pipelines, ports, terminals, tanks, roads, airfields. It should be understood that initially the main burden on the NSR will be hydrocarbon feedstocks.

    As part of the Vostok-Oil project, Rosneft intends to build 5500 kilometers of pipelines that will connect the largest fields, offshore terminals, with a capacity of 100 million tons per year, airports and other infrastructure.

    - But in real life it was not so simple:

    We are talking about international projects of Rosneft, Gazpromneft and NOVATEK (Yamal SPG-2, Arctic SPG-2, and others). However, a construction site worth more than 200 billion rubles turned into a long-term construction and lost all meaning. Initially, the shipyard was supposed to be launched in the form of its first stage in operation back in 2013-2014. A year and a half ago, it was planned to be in time before the end of 2019, but in September of this year I had to state that the terms had “left” for another year and a half.
    1. gorenina91 Offline
      gorenina91 (Irina) 7 September 2019 04: 16
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      Putin's Zvezda shipyard was in Chinese hands.
      Desperate to complete the construction of Zvezda in the Primorsky Territory, a consortium of its operators gave the Chinese state-owned company CSCEC in a row.
      Since 2009, in the city of Bolshoi Kamen, Primorsky Krai, a "unique" Zvezda shipyard has been under construction, which is intended for the production of ice-class gas carriers. Initially, it was assumed that in this way Russia will be able to get rid of gas carrier purchases in South Korea, as well as to close the needs of structures that produce hydrocarbons in the Arctic.

      Zvezda shipbuilding complex (SSK Zvezda LLC, until 2013 - Zvezda-DSME) is a Russian state shipyard based on Zvezda Far Eastern Shipyard OJSC (Zvezda Far Eastern Plant, part of the Far Eastern Shipbuilding and Ship Repair Center ) in the city of Bolshoi Kamen of the Primorsky Territory of the Russian Federation. Since 2009, the shipyard has been building the DSME Zvezda joint venture, where the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC) had 80% and the South Korean shipbuilding company Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering Co. (DSME) - 20%. After foreigners left the project, the complex has been building a consortium of Rosneft, Gazprombank and Rosneftegaz - Modern Shipbuilding Technologies (STS) in 2013.
      We are talking about international projects of Rosneft, Gazpromneft and NOVATEK (Yamal SPG-2, Arctic SPG-2, and others). However, a construction site worth more than 200 billion rubles turned into a long-term construction and lost all meaning. Initially, the shipyard was supposed to be launched in the form of its first stage in operation back in 2013-2014. A year and a half ago, we planned to catch it before the end of 2019, but in September of this year I had to state that the terms had “left” for another year and a half:

      Rosneft and its partners may not have time to complete the construction of the first stage of the Zvezda super-shipyard in 2019. The deadline for commissioning several facilities can be shifted by one year after the termination of the contract with the contractor, told RBC one of the shipyard's contractors and a source close to the government.
      Who will continue the construction of the shipyard? Back in August, the media reported that the Chinese state-owned corporation China State Construction Engineering Corporation, suggested that Rosneft give it without a tender in a row to complete the construction of the first stage of the Zvezda shipyard for 45 billion rubles.

      According to Andrei Belousov, adviser to the president of the Russian Federation, at a business breakfast at the Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok, the Chinese have already started to work and they have a “good salary”:

      "From my point of view, the personnel problem will come out by a wide margin. We have planned large construction projects - BAM, Transsiberian, ports. Who will do all this? Yesterday we were at Zvezda, they work in three shifts, all Chinese. And they get a good salary. Because in Primorye there is not a single contracting organization that could take on the job. "
      Why the Russian Federation chronically has no workers in the Far East, why people are deceived there and do not pay them money, and why many Russian construction companies end up bankrupt from Putin's mega-projects, is no secret. That is the policy.

      It is noteworthy that the Zvezda shipyard did not help the dead Russian mechanical engineering: all the equipment for it was ordered in China and partially in Europe. Also, it will not work to create on its basis its own center for the design of gas carrier ships. The shipyard will be only the assembly workshop of the gas carrier hulls of the South Korean company Samsung Heavy Industries. With the declared import substitution, it did not work out so much that, for example, the American corporation General Electric received exclusive rights to supply propellers and auxiliary equipment (propeller-steering columns and thrusters).

      And the Russian manufacturer (Zvezdochka Ship Repair Center, part of the state United Shipbuilding Corporation, USC) - in the future will not be able to equip the gas carriers under construction at Zvezda with its own screws.

      - Well, you can be happy for the Chinese ...
      1. gorenina91 Offline
        gorenina91 (Irina) 7 September 2019 04: 24
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        That is, the United States or South Korea will be able to “turn off” the Zvezda shipyard at any time by tritely cutting off supplies of components to it. Whereas in the Far East, the Russian Federation does not even have its own sheet-rolling production: the only workshop capable of rolling ship hire - at the Amurstal plant - was closed as unnecessary in 2012 ...

        To top it all off, at the beginning of this year it turned out that the Zvezda shipyard would build gas carriers at a price 1,5-2 times higher than that of Korean shipbuilders.

        - And as a summary:

        Vessels on Zvezda are more expensive than in Korea or other shipbuilding companies, several Zvezda counterparts told Vedomosti. They said that Zvezda offered to execute contracts at about 20-40% more expensive than the market. At the beginning of the year, Zvezda sent a letter to the Ministry of Industry and Trade indicating that the construction of Arc7 gas carriers for the Arctic LNG-2 project could cost up to $ 603 million apiece (when ordering 15 vessels), Kommersant wrote. A similar vessel costs $ 305 million in Korea, said Mikhail Burmistrov, director general of the Infoline Analytics agency.
        That is, instead of import substitution, the development of their shipbuilding, engineering, ship design and the creation of some kind of competitive production, they spent billions of dollars on the assembly shop of a South Korean company! Which products will cost one and a half to two times more expensive than the original! And whose existence is completely at the mercy of foreign component suppliers! One must still be able to do so.
        1. gorenina91 Offline
          gorenina91 (Irina) 7 September 2019 04: 34
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          - And how it all began well:

          Since 2009, in the city of Bolshoi Kamen, Primorsky Krai, a "unique" Zvezda shipyard has been under construction, which is intended for the production of ice-class gas carriers. Initially, it was assumed that in this way Russia will be able to get rid of gas carrier purchases in South Korea, as well as to close the needs of structures that produce hydrocarbons in the Arctic.

          - But in real life ... - such is the "bestial grin of capitalism" ....
          - Well, and that "sweet recent show" with representatives of the "generous mighty India" and "crafty Japan" - can hardly affect the real course of events ... - Sadly ...
          1. 123 Offline
            123 (123) 15 September 2019 23: 08
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            I read all your "specifics." In short, shipbuilding in the Far East is in the deep ..., as it would be more delicate to put it .... in a crisis. And who argues with this? With this, things are not going smoothly throughout Russia, and here the specifics of the region are being added. There is a problem with the population. You will not go to build ships? I'm not going to either. Even we are far from Siberia. Russia never built ships of this class, and the Soviet Union bought them in Japan. For the entire twentieth century, shipbuilding was not a strong point of Russia, even under the tsar's priest, many things were bought abroad. "Varangian" - and he was built in England. Under the USSR, emphasis was placed on military shipbuilding. The rest was scattered around the "fraternal" countries. Poland, East Germany and further on the list. To expect that with the advent of Putin, everything will magically blossom in itself, at least, is naive. Slowly, with a creak, but shipbuilding rises. In fact, the industry is being re-created. But it is high-tech and financial investments require huge. We will not consider military shipbuilding. Recently built the first cruise liner in 60 years (though a river), but still built. The construction of hydrofoil vessels resumed. Trailers are slowly riveting, icebreakers are building. By the way, icebreakers and ice class vessels are two different things. Everything is not so bad with the icebreakers, they are being built little by little. Even if the Chinese and the Koreans in the Far East work at the shipyard, that’s good, but you have to start somewhere. Gradually they will learn to do it themselves. In general, I didn’t find out anything supernova, it’s not clear where so many emotions come from.
            It is not clear what you do not like India?

            ... there is simply no sense from India ... - And all Indian investments have little to do.

            And why

            ... can hardly affect the real course of events.

            The Japanese and the Indians are actually going to produce gas, not build ships. Why this will not be of any use is not clear.
          2. 123 Offline
            123 (123) 16 September 2019 16: 56
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            I re-read your comments with a fresh mind. It became interesting where you get the information. Found on Yandex Zen. “Putin’s Zvezda shipyard is in Chinese hands.” Posted by Pavel Taykov.
            I’d better write about the article right away, anyway, in your comments there are some quotes from there in whole paragraphs.

            A construction worth more than 200 billion rubles turned into a long-term construction and lost all meaning.

            Yes, unfinished, but why did it lose its meaning? What, the shipyard is not needed? Was it built only for these 15 gas carriers and that’s all? And then stupidly close?

            The media reported that the state-owned Chinese corporation China State Construction Engineering Corporation suggested that Rosneft give it, without a contract, to complete the construction of the first stage of the Zvezda shipyard for 45 billion rubles.

            There is such a little blue reference to the source:

            https://www.rbc.ru/business/13/08/2019/5d5125cd9a79479ea5f4db06

            We pass, we read:

            A tender for the construction of workshops has not yet been announced, it follows from the procurement information for the shipyard. CSCEC would like to receive a contract without a tender as the only supplier, both RBC's interlocutors say.

            A representative of KitayStroy confirmed interest in the project, but denied the company's offer to get in a row without a tender. According to him, KitayStroy is preparing documentation for the accreditation process as a contractor for Zvezda. After that, the company plans to take part in the competition.

            How does the author draw such a conclusion from these two paragraphs? Any company would like to receive a contract without a tender, including this Chinese one, as well as Turkish and Serbian companies operating in Russia. Interlocutors from RBC believe that the Chinese want, the Chinese say they are preparing to participate in the competition. As a result, we have: A subsidiary of China State Construction Engineering Corporation (CSCEC), ChinaStroy, in accordance with the law, participates in the competition. I am sure that she will win. CSCEC is one of the largest corporations in the world, has the competence to build such facilities. She simply has no competitors in the competition. Competition in this case is a formality. Well, we don’t have such companies in the Far East. It’s like competing with Rosatom. No one is surprised that he is building nuclear power plants around the world. Even if the contract is concluded without bidding, the legislation provides for such an opportunity. So, I don’t understand where so many emotions come from? The Chinese, on the other hand, will not be hysterical over the construction of their Rosatom nuclear power plants.

            Why the Russian Federation chronically has no workers in the Far East, why people are deceived there and do not pay them money, and why many Russian construction companies end up bankrupt from Putin's mega-projects, is no secret. That is the policy.

            And there is a reference:

            https://reddevol.com/articles/putinskaya_sudoverf_zvezda_upala_v_kitayskie_lapyi

            We pass, we read ...

            Our blog pays great attention to the Zvezda project in the Primorsky Territory.

            What? Are you seriously? One blogger writes on the basis of an article by another blogger, and he, in turn, will refer to another one, and so on in a circle. And here again, links to sources in the "RBC" ... We will discuss this? Yes, construction is a potentially corrupt industry. By the way, in Sicily, mafiosi are traditionally spinning in this industry. And there are a lot of problems there, but in my opinion, it’s too much to consider the ultimate truth or a reliable source of some rotten blogger.

            All equipment for the shipyard was ordered in China and partially in Europe.

            I don’t know where the author got such information from; he didn’t leave a link. I admit that this is true, so what? When the Zvezda shipyard is shown, usually such a large yellow crane flashes in the frame. This is the Chinese Goliath, they don’t do it here. I bought them, if I’m not mistaken, 2 pieces. How much more might you need? One? Maybe two? This is for the whole country. Do not you think that it is easier to buy them than to design and organize production. The manufacturers of such equipment are units. It is possible that for many equipment so. Back in Soviet times, shipbuilding machines from Japan were almost smuggled.

            It will not work and create on its basis its own center for the design of gas carrier ships.

            Why? We follow the link:

            https://ria.ru/20190904/1558279265.html

            It reads:

            In accordance with the signed document, Samsung Heavy Industries will become the technological partner of the project and transfer to Zvezda SSC the technical specification, as well as the rights to the design documentation for the ship’s design. The Korean company will also assist in the development of detailed design documentation for JSC "Central Design Bureau" Lazurit ".

            Remember, we did not do such vessels before. They buy ready-made developments, rights to project documentation. Do you think it's better to start from scratch and reinvent the wheel? And at the same time spend a rather big bunch of money on development, testing, and fixing bugs. Do not you think that it will be more expensive and take time decently. And at this time they will write that again this criminal power leaked everything, how many years it has been doing, it would be better to buy it abroad.

            General Electric received exclusive rights to supply propellers and ancillary equipment (propulsion-steering columns and thrusters).

            Where does the author get such information? He did not leave links. The reliability of the information is in question. So, not a fact.

            In the future, the Russian manufacturer (Zvezdochka Ship Repair Center) will not be able to equip gas carriers under construction at Zvezda with its screws. Otherwise, it will fall under American sanctions, which will put an end to the “Star”.

            Where does the conclusion come from? We look a reference .... And she again on the "authoritative" opinion of the same rotten blogger ...

            https://reddevol.com/articles/ssk_zvezda_igorya_sechina_zakatilas_za_koreyskiy_metall

            Moreover, the link does not contain a word - neither about General Electric, nor about screws, not a word at all. There Gundezh about gas carriers in general, the iron for their construction, even the MS-21 aircraft was captured. There are no pro screws.
            Nevertheless, on the "Zvezdochka" began to produce those same steering columns

            https://www.aoosk.ru/press-center/news/zvezdochka-sozdala-pervuyu-otechestvennuyu-dvizhitelno-rulevuyu-kolonku-bolshoy-moshchnosti/

            and sanctions to them on the drum, they have long been under sanctions.

            https://tass.ru/ekonomika/3584609

            To top it all off, at the beginning of this year it turned out that the Zvezda shipyard would build gas carriers at a price 1,5-2 times higher than that of Korean shipbuilders.

            Firstly, I do not see anything surprising that the construction on the "Star" is more expensive. Koreans have long established production and logistics. Everything is just being built here. But still check where the conclusion comes from, according to tradition, follow the link:

            https://www.vedomosti.ru/business/articles/2019/02/17/794352-verf-zvezda

            We read ...

            Zvezda offered to execute contracts about 20-40% more expensive than the market, ”plus another 0,5% of the cost if the steel is Russian.

            Here is the difference - 20-40% and 1,5-2 times (this is 50-100%).
            Conclusion: The information of the author of the article is unreliable, the sources are doubtful, the conclusions are sucked out of the finger, or from where he sucks them out.
            Now about you. As I understand it, you are an impressionable and trusting woman. Read some nonsense and rush to share with the public, and then you are surprised that you are not appreciated and do not understand. I dare to give advice. Do not read these garbage dumps, and if you are reading, do not rush to spread their contents. You will be ashamed later.
  4. zenitovets Offline
    zenitovets (Ivan) 7 September 2019 13: 23
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    With the invitation of India, I agree, but the Japanese can not be allowed on a cannon shot.