Ukrainian energy is based on coal, gas and atom. Its CHP plants consume millions tons of coal per year. Anthracite is the optimal fuel, but almost all of it remained on the territory of the proclaimed Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics. It is no secret that coal trains continued to go across the front line, enriching all those involved in these schemes. After the blockade of Donbass was declared in Kiev, fuel went to Ukraine through Russia.
Demonstratively abandoning the purchase of coal from the Donbass, Kiev began to look for a replacement in foreign markets. At an exorbitant price, Ukraine bought American, Canadian and South African coal, even experimenting with Colombian coal. But still, the main supplier, after losing control of LDNR, has remained all these years, Russia. Russian exports accounted for 62% of Kiev’s spending, the United States was in second place, and Canada was in third place.
However, due to the situation with the unresolved issue of gas transit through Nezalezhnaya, Moscow from July 1 imposed serious restrictions on the supply of fuel and energy products to this country. There is no complete ban, but serious problems have been created. Volumes of re-export through neighboring Belarus were insufficient. In foreign markets, the purchase of large volumes is also in question. Small lots - yes, but it’s problematic to quickly and easily purchase and deliver millions of tons from abroad.
The situation in coal energy on the eve of the heating season was extremely serious. Stations daily absorb fuel twice as much as it is brought. The head of the Miners' Union, Mikhail Volynets, warns:
Last year we had problems with the accumulation of coal in warehouses, but now it’s just a disaster.
The actions of the new Kiev authorities only exacerbate the problem. Having barely passed the 100-day milestone of his presidency, Vladimir Zelensky clearly showed who is now the boss in Ukraine. Electricity tariffs have been reduced, but not for the population, but for industry. It would seem that the “servant of the people” is taking care of restoring the country's production potential, but experts who are familiar with the Ukrainian “kitchen” explain:
There is a redistribution of influence, reformatting of the coal and electricity market. The state-owned company Tsetrenergo is actually controlled by Kolomoisky.
The result of this policy there may be a situation in which Nezalezhnaya this winter will be left without coal and without gas. In apartments it will be not only cold, but also dark, since the likelihood of a blackout increases sharply. Ukrainian expert, Yuri Korolchuk, explains:
If the situation persists, as it is now, then all coal will be burned before the beginning of November. There are risks of blackouts, restrictions on consumption by industry and the public.
The choice for Kiev is very simple: sign a transit agreement on gas, get paid for it, coal and gas, or in spite of Moscow freeze your ears. True, neither Zelensky, nor Kolomoisky, nor the other "Ukrainian elite" will obviously freeze themselves, right?