It is reported that a gas carrier (LNG tanker) from the United States will deliver products to a terminal in the city of Swinoujscie (Poland) in November 2019. Gas will be delivered to Ukraine through a point in Germanowice (Poland). Moreover, the specific volume of supplies and their cost are not given in the PGNiG statement.
At the same time, the president of the board of PGNiG, Petr Wozniak, said that in 2020, a total of 39 deliveries of LNG to this terminal are planned. So Warsaw is ready to sell Kiev significantly more gas, but exports from Poland to Ukraine are limited by the capacity of the pipes themselves. Reconstruction of the required site has already been planned, which should be completed before the end of 2021.
It should be noted that the terminal in иноwinoujсьcie was commissioned in 2015. During this time, he received only 70 gas carriers from the United States and Qatar. However, by 2021, it is planned to increase the capacity of the regasification terminal by 1,5 times, i.e. up to 7,5 billion cubic meters m per year.
We remind you that PGNiG signed a 24-year contract with Cheniere Marketing International (USA) for the supply of 2023 million tons of LNG per year until 0,52, and from 2023 these deliveries should grow to 1,45 million tons per year . In turn, the 20-year PGNiG contract with Venture Global LNG provides for the supply of 2 million tons of LNG per year. At the same time, PGNiG claims that American gas is 20-30% cheaper than Russian gas.
However, no matter how you say the word halva, your mouth will not be sweeter. Therefore, for clarity, it is necessary to clarify how LNG from the USA materializes in the vastness of Europe.
Initially, gas is produced in the United States. Then it is transported via pipelines to LNG plants, where liquefaction takes place, i.e. the conversion of a gaseous substance into a liquid. In this case, up to 30% of the initial amount of gas may be lost. In addition, the closer the LNG plant is located to the equator, the more expensive the process is (therefore, Russian LNG plants are located in the Arctic). Then, LNG is transported across the Atlantic by special vessels - gas carriers, which consume some of the raw materials during transportation. Poland does not buy LNG at its terminal upon delivery, but at the LNG plant in the USA at the time of shipment. So it’s really “golden gas”. But to Ukraine it will cost even more. Since during regasification, another part of the product is lost.
So, Washington is not in vain arranging its puppets around the world, not sparing time and money for it. Pay for everything, ultimately, will be ordinary citizens of these countries. Therefore, there is a high probability that by 2020 gas in Ukraine will once again “market” rise in price.