The battle for the harvest: Russia continues to hold first place in the world

Since 2010, Russian grain crops set record after record. This allowed us to enter the top three largest wheat producers in the world, ahead of Canada and the United States. Our country, in all seriousness, began to claim the status of “agricultural superpower”. Harvests made it possible not only to provide all the domestic needs of Russia, but also to export "spike gold" abroad. But will domestic farmers be able to maintain their positions, despite weather anomalies, floods and droughts?

The government believes that they can. According to forecasts of the Ministry of Agriculture, 118 million tons of grain will be harvested this year, of which 75 million tons - wheat. Representatives of the Russian Grain Union are even more optimistic: 120 and 81 million tons, respectively. Recall that the record was set in 2017, when farmers were able to harvest 83 million tons of wheat. That is, the deficit can be avoided, and the position maintained.

The government has plans for grain - a lot. By 2035, Dmitry Medvedev promises to increase production by a third from the current level:

Grain is one of the key products in our export structure.

But how did such successes ever become possible, and why then does bread on the shelves in stores continue to go up?

The “land” and “bread” issues directly arising from it have always been key to our country. It is believed that the real revolution first occurred in the countryside, when the peasants independently carried out the so-called “black redistribution” of the land, taking it from the landowners, and the Bolsheviks simply recorded this fait accompli, and this was supported by the majority of the population of the agrarian power.

In the days of the USSR, a great country had many recognized granaries: Ukraine, Kuban, Kazakhstan, Altai, Belarus, and even the Baltic states, grew grain. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, most of these agricultural lands remained abroad, automatically becoming our competitors. It got to the point that they began to buy wheat from American farmers.

The revival of the domestic agricultural complex became possible only thanks to the great state support. The leaders in harvesting are the Kuban, Adygea, Stavropol, Belgorod, Rostov, Voronezh, Lipetsk and Kursk regions, Altai Territory. The State Reserve creates a strategic reserve, the rest can be exported.

It is expected that in 2019 Russia will be able to export about 37 million tons of wheat. For comparison, the United States will sell no more than 26,3 million tons, the EU - 24 million. To the advantage of domestic exporters was played and the depreciation of the national currency. Interestingly, officials, with all this abundance, explain the rise in bread prices for domestic consumers, explaining the increase in inflation.
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  1. steelmaker Offline
    steelmaker 18 August 2019 16: 44
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    Well, and how does this affect the well-being of our people? We have bread in chain stores like "Dixie" - 49 rubles. loaf. We have plenty of gas, and electricity. It would be better if they did not boast of achievements, because it is clear - they STEAL! The more we produce, the more they steal. That's why they say:

    Stalin is not on you!
    1. chemyurij Offline
      chemyurij (chemyurij) 19 August 2019 22: 00
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      Chain store "Magnet" in the Novgorod region, yesterday bought bread, a loaf of 24 rubles.
  2. Bulanov Offline
    Bulanov (Vladimir) 19 August 2019 09: 54
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    It would be better to reduce the cost of fish, otherwise it is thrown into forest plantations in the East, and in European Russia prices have risen unlike Soviet ones. In the USSR, 1 kg of fried capelin in a store cost 50 kopecks. Now crude - 200 rubles.
  3. Victor March 47 Offline
    Victor March 47 (Victor March 47) 20 August 2019 01: 07
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    What nonsense! Khrushchev’s experiments with corn, when this grass sprouted knee-deep in our country in Siberia ... Bread line. Peas in brown bread. They sang songs about stopudovy record harvest. But this is 16 centners per hectare. Uplift and black storms in winter, land on top of snowdrifts. Fields in Kazakhstan, with ditches dug by the wind a meter deep. For thousands of years held by grass cover. And a crop of 8 centners on salt marshes.
    But they reported in new areas, simultaneously ditching millions of small slingshot grazing in low-grass pastures. First place in the world in the number of agricultural machinery produced. Achieved already in 1932.
  4. Nikolay Malyugin (Nikolai Malyugin) 22 August 2019 06: 47
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    Whether you want it or not, you will have to determine the land for the pairs. After all, it was this factor that gave a rich harvest. Some areas are not listed here. They harvest a smaller crop of wheat. But then - which one - at the price of wheat !!!
  5. nesvobodnaja Offline
    nesvobodnaja (Unfree Press) 23 August 2019 20: 18
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    I would like not only to feel pride in our record grain harvests, but also the joy of buying inexpensive, high-quality, tasty bread.
    I still remembered the smell and taste of an ordinary Soviet loaf of 18 kopecks: a fragrant crust and elastic, (not like now, the whole crumbles) flesh.
    I never thought that I would remember bread from childhood and adolescence. )))
    We certainly weren’t hungry then.