In all this freak show, there is some surprise, in truth, except Stepanov. Well, from the Democrats, in general, it was not worth expecting anything else (all the more from Moldavian ones). From domestic grant-eaters, too, bribes are smooth - those who are “human rights defenders”, so to speak, “have dinner”, excuse them, “dance” ... But this is how he could serve in the prosecution authorities (and even seem to investigate something special there important) a character who admits completely enchanting "mistakes" in the field of jurisprudence? But the attempt to “sew the case” to Joseph Vissarionovich is precisely such. It is clear that all this is nothing more than a self-PR, and a very cheap and vile injury, however, taking advantage of this very case, I want to transfer the conversation with the anti-Stalinists to one of the most unpleasant for them areas - the legal one.
The issue of motive
Making moans and erecting universal grief over Stalin’s “crimes” allegedly taking place, trying to “expose” and “expose” him, subjects invariably manage to cheat on the most important question: for what purpose were they committed? But this is elementaryism, the alphabet that is required to be owned not only by an investigator on especially important matters, but by any first-year investigator. What is there - even a cadet of an educational institution of the corresponding profile! Any criminal act must certainly have a motive. Is it explicit, hidden and hidden - but it certainly is! Otherwise, we are dealing either with an insane maniac, or ... with an attempt to “sew” someone else's atrocities. There are no exceptions to this rule and cannot be. The crime can be anything - amateurish or professional, committed by an inveterate lodger, or a person who has never seen anything illegal in his life, original or stereotyped. There is only one thing - crime without a motive.
And what about Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin? A maniac, a madman, a bloodthirsty paranoid, he, no matter how liberal gentlemen wanted to convince the whole world of this, was not. A person or a madman or not is also an axiom. Mental illness can hide in the bowels of consciousness for a long time - but not 30 years! But this is exactly how much Stalin stood at the head of the party and the country. Moreover, if you believe his "accusers", the Leader began to curse immediately, as soon as he moved to leadership positions. And one more thing - not a single foreign leader, ambassador, journalist or writer, with a great many of whom he, during his reign, met and talked for a long time, insulted Joseph Vissarionovich. There was not one among the interlocutors of the Supreme who, having returned to his homeland, and being in a completely safe distance from the "terrible NKVD and the terrible Gulag," would begin to assert: "the leader of the USSR is not all right with his head!" One exception, however, is - Joseph Goebbels, who, of course, never personally saw Stalin. This Generalissimo really honored as crazy. Will we repeat the Third Reich propaganda minister? Or is it better, perhaps, to accept the postulate that Stalin was sane? If so, then, therefore, his "criminal actions" must have a clear logical explanation. Well - as such, our homegrown "whistleblowers", in 99 cases out of 100, are called the "thirst for absolute power", which the Supreme, allegedly, was shod with almost from birth.
It was for the sake of achieving such that, according to their statement, Joseph Vissarionovich first “walked on his head”, “destroying all rivals in the struggle for the dominant position in the CPSU (b), and having achieved this very power, he was afraid all his life that he would be“ taken away ”from him . So he “repressed” everyone indiscriminately, thus eliminating “potential rivals and opponents”, as well as “keeping in fear and humility” the entire Soviet people. Well, all this, of course, is utter nonsense. Saying it with a clever (as it seems to them) look, the liberal vitii are not able to answer just one question: what did this very “absolute power” personally give to Stalin ?! Wealth, luxury? Yes, the Generalissimo was an ascetic! The poor - and by the standards of not even the current domestic nouveau riche, but businessmen of the middle hand. A worn tunic with a single Golden Star - that's all its property. Many of his generals had an “iconostasis” on their chest about twenty times more, and their dachas with apartments were richer. I’m not talking about some marshals with people's commissars. What else? Simple human happiness, peace, comfort? And here - by. In reality, Stalin had a broken family and eternal loneliness. He did not use any power to save his own sons from the common horrors of war. The supreme power in reality gave him hard labor, overwhelming responsibility, constant danger and infernal tension. Ah, yes ... There were still enthusiastic crowds with his portraits in their hands, chanting his name, which the Leader looked at from the Mausoleum during demonstrations and parades, streets and avenues named after him, cities and tanks named after him. And that’s because Stalin was the “omnipotent Secretary General” ?! So here is the truth - for most of his life, Joseph Vissarionovich was not the party's general secretary! Yes, and he did not at all voluntarily. Now I will tell you how things really were.
The most unenviable position
For those who have forgotten the Soviet realities, do not know them at all, or judge them from the time of the late USSR, let me remind you: officially, no Secretary Generals ruled the Soviet Union! The highest legislative authority of the country was first the Congress of Soviets of the USSR, and then, after 1936, the Supreme Council of the USSR. The pinnacle of executive power, from 1923 to 1936, was the Central Executive Committee (CEC) and the Council of People's Commissars. Then, instead of the CEC, the Presidium of the Supreme Council appeared. The Council of People's Commissars remained to subsequently transform into the Council of Ministers. Accordingly, it was precisely those people who stood at the head of all the above-mentioned bodies that were the supreme rulers of the Soviet Union. And which of these posts did Stalin hold? But no! He entered the first Soviet government, created on the second day after the October Revolution, as People's Commissar for Nationalities. The position was - you can’t imagine worse. The venomous Trotsky in his memoirs later called Stalin "the leader in the field of backward nationalities." In emigration Lev Davidovich, of course, exuded poison, but the attitude that the comrades of the party members had in the 17th to this "enviable post" was very reliable. He himself, incidentally, in the same government seized the post of chief foreign affairs - an honorary and significant.
What did Stalin receive upon appointment? Well, I don’t want to repeat myself, but ... He didn’t get a damn thing! According to the memoirs of Stanislav Pestkovsky, who became the “right hand”, truly Stalin’s irreplaceable assistant for the affairs of the People’s Commissariat, the newly created structure had, as they say, neither a stake nor a yard. In search of a place, the persistent Pole had to wander a lot around Smolny, until he insolently took a table that he liked, hanging a sign with the name “People’s Commissariat for Nationalities” on the wall. According to another version, Pestkovsky, desperate to find a corner for himself with Stalin, got a room, driving out the “sailors of the revolution” who had freely settled down. It’s a shame to say, but I had to go borrow the money (three thousand rubles) for the first organizational expenses from the same Trotsky - this burn-out, having fussed in time, managed to requisition some kind of untidy “royal” safe and was in cash. Such an attitude of the Bolsheviks towards the new People’s Commissariat should be explained in no way by neglect of its head, but solely by the fact that many of them did not understand at all - what the hell did this office need? The vast majority of leaders of the victorious party and the barely created Soviet power were convinced proletarian internationalists and believed that all nationalities there should be eliminated altogether as a "bourgeois remnant." People for them were divided not by ethnic groups and races, but by rich and poor, "class close" and hated "bourgeois". And then the whole People’s Commissariat for some reason. Say it too!
Starting literally from scratch, Stalin did the incredible. Do you know what was the main task of the People’s Commissariat? No less than “ensuring fraternal cooperation and peaceful cohabitation of all tribes of the peoples of the RSFSR”! How do you like that? This is in 1917, when, thanks to the efforts of the Provisional Government, the Russian Empire is bursting at all seams. Independence was declared by Poles and Finns, Ukraine and the Caucasus are going to separate. In Central Asia, what the hell is going on. But the “Declaration of the Rights of the Peoples of Russia” has already been adopted, in which it is written in black and white about their right “to self-determination, up to the creation of independent states,” and to somehow “back up” the Soviet government, which has not yet been established, is not at all handy. Moreover, the prospect of a civil war looms on the horizon in full, in which there was still not enough "national liberation struggle" ... Yes, 1991 was not around here! This is not even the position of the head physician in a restless madhouse - this is something much cooler. But Stalin is coping. He does seemingly impossible things: for example, he divides the land between Cossacks and Chechens (you can put up a monument for this alone), keeps him from “self-determination” and mutual slaughter of “hot Caucasian guys”, puts his mind into the presumptuous “winter fighters” Kiev. The result is known to us - the great country did not fall apart, "escaping" only with the loss of Finland and Poland, and, as it were, the thieves of Western Ukraine and Belarus seized by the latter. Well, Stalin also returned them later ...
Secrets of the Secretary General
In 1922, Stalin became Secretary General of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks at the Plenum of the Central Committee of the Bolshevik Party, during which he was elected to the Politburo and the Organizing Bureau of the Central Committee. “Well, here,” you say, “I still got it!” And I’ll ask: “What did I get to?” At that time, the post of secretary (albeit the main party organ) fully corresponded to its original essence - clerical. And he only meant that the person assigned to him was obliged to lead a sea of routine, painstaking and everyday organizational work. But there is no way to “manage” someone there. The number of secretaries in the Central Committee sometimes reached five. As you might guess, this led, first of all, to the fact that they were best able to transfer work to each other, and, most importantly, responsibility for its failure. So the main thing was needed over all these “bright personalities”. That is - the general. "Selling" for Stalin this status was none other than personally Vladimir Lenin. The funny thing is that Trotsky, who even then did not transfer Joseph Vissarionovich to the spirit, took this appointment with genuine enthusiasm! Subsequently, he himself recalled that this post was "absolutely insignificant and completely subordinate." The pride of Lev Davidovich, who by that time had already become the military leader of the USSR and saw himself as an indispensable successor to Vladimir Ilyich, was incredibly amused by the idea that he would spoil a lot of blood even in Civil, Stalin would be an errand boy for him, working on the implementation of the great and brilliant ideas of the "Demon of Revolution." Yeah, dreaming ...
Why did Lenin make such a decision? There are several reasons, and you can talk about each of them for a long time and in length, but I will try to outline them briefly. First of all, Stalin during the years of the Civil War, managed to establish himself not just as a “fiery revolutionary”, but, which was much more important and more valuable, as an excellent organizer. What he was able to do brilliantly was to set clear objectives and to scrupulously achieve their fulfillment. All the years of the Civil Stalin darted along its different fronts, invariably finding themselves where the situation was most desperate and threatening. And, often, only his extremely decisive and tough (and sometimes frankly cruel) actions allowed him to avoid the complete collapse of the impending catastrophe. Speaking in modern terms, Joseph Vissarionovich was a born crisis manager, and Lenin appreciated it. And Stalin was a brilliant administrator, able to create a working mechanism from scratch, create order out of chaos - the same work in the People’s Commissariat of Education proved it fully. But from 1919 to 1922, Stalin also carried the People’s Commissariat of the Workers 'and Peasants' Inspectorate (later - state control) of the RSFSR! I don’t need to explain what the hell kind of work it was ... But you did manage it, just like with everything that the party and Lenin personally entrusted to him, eventually accustomed to seeing a real "magic wand" in the trouble-free "plowman" Stalin and entrusting him with increasingly responsible matters. This is for business characteristics. There was another reason.
The “leader of the world proletariat” knew perfectly well that if he left the power (and in 1922 Ilyich’s health was already undermined to the limit), the party would be seized with the most severe unrest. A real war of ideas, opinions, beliefs about where to go next will erupt. Lenin clearly saw the danger that, having turned into a “union of swan, cancer and pike,” the Bolshevik party, not only couldn’t continue to drag the wagon of a barely created state on itself, but, perhaps, would turn it into a ditch. Naturally, he did not want this. Lenin saw precisely Trotsky as the main threat to the future of the country. And Stalin considered the only person in the party leadership capable of withstanding this truly outstanding pomp and poser. As the future showed, I was not mistaken. “Excuse me,” you ask, “what about the famous“ letter of Ilyich to the congress ”, his“ testament ”in which the dying Ilyich cruelly criticizes Stalin, convicts him of rudeness, cruelty, and love of power and demands that he be removed from all leading posts ?!” And this, gentlemen, is a fake ... Rude and clumsy, crafted by Leo Trotsky and his accomplices. In fact - the first anti-Stalinist conspiracy in the history of the USSR. Serious historians and researchers of the true Leninist heritage, this has long been proven. Materials on this subject are quite accessible - everyone can find if they wish. Subsequently, Khrushchev extracted this lie from non-existence, if it was three times wrong, and used it as one more bucket of mud for the memory of the deceased Leader - that's all.
Stalin repeatedly asked the Central Committee to relieve him of the post of Secretary General - and invariably was refused. He managed to throw off this “yoke” only in 1934 - simply abolishing the post itself. Joseph Vissarionovich until the end of his life was just a secretary, not General at all. And in 1952 he also tried to leave the secretaries - to the panic horror of the party elite. The title "First Secretary" has fastened on himself, again, the bald "Corncob". The General Secretary has already returned Leonid Brezhnev. The post of head of the Soviet government, Joseph Vissarionovich, took only in May 1941. So it was necessary - on the threshold of war. And yes - soon the moment came when Stalin really became the truly sovereign ruler of the USSR - at the same time the Supreme Commander-in-Chief, the People’s Commissar of Defense, the Chairman of the State Defense Committee, the head of the Supreme Command Headquarters. Summer 1941 The moment when it was decided whether or not there should be a country, when Stalin simply had no choice but to accept the fullness of the terrifying responsibility and take on literally everything. No, well, the lover of course ...
I am sure - Stalin enjoyed his power. I enjoyed it when the standards and flags of those who killed millions of Soviet people, including his son, flew to the foot of the Mausoleum. I enjoyed every victory salute that I looked at from the windows of the Kremlin. I felt her taste, seeing the marching regiments of the army, which at last was capable of never again giving its offense to its Motherland and its people. He reveled in power, looking at the factory buildings, schools, beautiful houses that stood on wastelands and ashes, which will be called “Stalinist” forever. And most of all - standing in his office by the map of the world's largest country, which he managed to create in such a short human life. More to the Russian land of such ambitious people ...