In the US, invented the "artificial atmosphere" for Mars

The colonization of Mars continues to excite the minds of scientists from around the world. Leading space agencies are working on transport systems and base projects. However, the main stumbling block is the insufficient atmosphere density of our red neighbor, which is not able to protect people from destructive cosmic radiation.




And now, it seems that the joint efforts of researchers from Harvard, the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the University of Edinburgh, will partially solve the aforementioned problem. In their concept, scientists propose using a special silica-based airgel, which will achieve an atmospheric greenhouse effect and at the same time significantly reduce ultraviolet radiation.

This is a synthetic material, most of which is porous silica used for glass production. Researchers propose building a kind of "greenhouse" on Mars, covered with tiles from a new substance. Thus, on the surface of the red planet it will be possible to create islands with optimal conditions for the existence of living organisms.

In the course of the experiments, the scientists used an experimental setup that maximally simulates natural Martian illumination and a 2 cm thick airgel layer. Light penetrating the material created by the researchers increased the surface temperature by more than 50 ° C, while the level of UV radiation decreased by 60%, and short-wave ultraviolet C (the most harmful for living organisms) - by 99,5%.

Now, after successful laboratory tests, scientists will have to test the created substance under conditions that are most similar to Martian ones. For example, in the Arctic or Atacama Desert (Chile). In addition, specialists have yet to resolve the issue of airgel delivery to the surface of our red neighbor.
  • Photos used: https://chandler.on.ge
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  1. steelmaker Offline steelmaker
    steelmaker 17 July 2019 16: 54
    +2
    We have a problem - this is Ukraine, and in the USA - Mars has a head clogged. We would first have to solve all the problems on Earth.

    The bottom of the ocean, like the island of Monte Cristo,
    like a star in space.
    There are wealth for the people
    three hundred years is enough
    maybe forever.
  2. Oleg RB Offline Oleg RB
    Oleg RB (Oleg) 17 July 2019 17: 59
    0
    Well done. What else can I say.
  3. Panting Offline Panting
    Panting (Vyacheslav) 19 July 2019 07: 17
    0
    Why return to a burnt house?